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Essay Writing On Pilot Is My Ambition
bird writing paper We have commissioned a new piece of writing from ambition fifty leading authors on the theme of #39;Elsewhere#39; - read on for David Almond#39;s contribution. Kyoto. Ky-o-to! Kyo-to! She feels so weirdly at homework paragraph home. She is pilot essay herself, Mina, but it’s like there’s another Mina waiting to be discovered or created here. “That’s travel,” says her mum. “Turns the homework tips five paragraph, world into somewhere else and turns you into someone else.” This morning they’re off to the Golden Temple. Pilot Essay! They’re on a packed bus. Mina stands squashed in the aisle.
Her mum’s at the front, watching for the temple stop. She keeps turning and peering through the bodies. Mina waves: don’t worry. Look! Here I am! There’s a woman sitting on a seat beside her. The woman appears to be completely on her own. She’s calmly folding a square sheet of paper.
She folds it edge to edge, point to point. She opens it, closes it, tugs and teases it into shape. Her lips move, as if she’s silently singing in time with the movement of her fingers. She swiftly makes a little boat. She holds it on her open palm and moves her hand gently back and forward, up and down. It’s like she’s on the bus but not on the bus. The boat moves as if it’s floating on a lake inside the research, bus that’s there for ambition anyone to know. She sees Mina watching. She smiles and bows her head. Mina smiles and bows her head as well.
She feels the strange neat movements of her lips and throat and tongue as they make the lovely word. Essay! She says it again to feel the word in her mouth and to hear the sharp sound of it. The woman floats the boat towards Mina with her hands. Go on, take it, she says with her eyes. Ambition Essay! Mina takes it and rests it on her own palm. Float it, says the woman with her eyes.
Mina floats it through the tiny empty spaces around her body and on coronary disease the spaces open and the waters rise. Ambition Pilot Essay! The woman laughs and what makes claps her hands silently. She starts on ambition essay, another sheet of paper - folds it, creases it, tugs and teases it into shape. She keeps pausing, making sure that Mina sees each fold, each crease, each tug and tease. Look, she’s saying, this is how it’s done. Mina watches the woman’s fingers and the crowds around her disappear.
Kyoto is gone. The bus is essays for students gone. She imagines what it would be like to be a sheet of paper in essay, the woman’s hands, to be folded and creased and teased into shape, to become a paper Mina. Maybe the woman knows this. She smiles deep into Mina’s eyes as if she knows everything. The paper in the woman’s hands becomes a little sharp-winged, sharp-beaked bird.
She holds it between her thumb and fingers and ap literature essays flies it through the spaces around her. She flies it towards Mina. Take it, she says with her eyes. Fly it. She takes the bird. She can feel the vibrations of the woman’s fingers within it.
With the bird flying between her fingers, she’s surrounded by empty air, by ambition pilot essay, great stretches of water. The bus sighs to printable essays for students, a halt. The woman shrugs, smiles, stands up. She hands Mina some sheets of paper. Pilot! The woman twists her way to research paper, the opening door and she steps out into the crowds. Mina looks through her own reflection into the street outside. She sees the woman then loses sight of ambition essay, her then sees her again but the crowds close around her and the bus moves on and she’s gone. Mina carefully folds the boat and the bird flat and puts them into her sketchbook with the sheets of paper. The bus continues through the busy streets, through all the noise, past skyscrapers, hotels, flower sellers, flashing lights, cyclists, geishas, sushi shops, punks, cinemas, statues, tourist groups, burger bars, lanterns, pachinko parlours, shrines, road signs, lorries, buses, cars, crowds.
Mina sees how beautiful it all is. So much of it is recognisable, but so much of it is just so strange. The bus glides and sways. The bodies around her sway against her. There’s a smell of fish and of soy sauce which must be carried on people’s clothes and breath. The thrill of being here in Kyoto! She remembers roaring up into the clouds and leaving England behind. Then the oceans they crossed, the sky they flew through, the mountains and narrative essay countries and ambition pilot cities below. Now home is on paintball narrative, the earth’s far side and this is Japan.
She saw it first at ambition the crack of dawn from miles up in the sky. There it was, the country that seemed to float on the sea. She feels the little bursts of breath in her mouth. She thinks of the world turning and turning through endless space. She feels the great stretches of emptiness that are inside her. Papers On Coronary Heart Disease! The bodies part, letting Mina through. They walk along the path towards the temple gardens. Essay! Mina shows her lovely paper gifts. She floats the boat and us moral essay flies the bird.
They buy their tickets, which bear the pilot essay, name of the place then a picture of it, then unreadable and printable essays beautiful writing beneath. The gravel gently rattles under their feet as they walk through the gates. Ambition Essay! There are rocks, pine trees, narrow pathways, stone lanterns, then the papers on coronary disease, lake, then the golden temple, and beyond the temple there are trees, low hills then dark and distant mountains and essay the sky. “The temple’s called Kinkaku-ji,” says her mum. “It contains the what essay, ashes of Buddha. It was burned down by a distressed monk in 1950 and was rebuilt again.
It is considered to be the same place, even though it’s new.” She sighs and laughs at the outrageous idea, at ambition the outrageous beauty of the place. “Maybe it suggests that nothing is ever truly lost, that everything will return.” She thinks of research disease, her lost dad for pilot a few moments, as she does each day. He would have loved this place so much. Then she turns her mind back to the temple. It is reflected in the lake. It appears to be floating on another temple. The whole world and the sky above appear to be floating on a world and sky below. Mina looks down into the lake, and another Mina looks back up at her. Essays! “Ko-ni-chi-wa,” mouths the other Mina. Now her Mum looks back at her from the pilot, lake and waves.
Mina sees how alike they are, how they are reflected in each other. Then they giggle and hug each other in the garden above and the garden below. Mum goes wandering. Mina sits on essays for students, a rock by the lake and watches the visitors. Ambition! A man and boy crouch close by papers, her and peer down into the water as if they’re passionately searching for something. Many people do the same, of course, as if the ambition pilot essay, glassy water pulls them to it. When the man and research boy stand up, the boy pretends that he’s about to dive in.
The man holds him back and they laugh together quietly and a little sadly. Then they walk on. Ambition Essay! She catches the boy’s eye as he passes by. Homework Tips Writing Five! “Konichiwa,” she whispers, but he’s lost in thought. Mina draws a picture of the temple. Ambition! She speaks its name, Kinkaku-ji, as she draws, and she writes the name too, so that the image, the word, the sound and its movements are all the tips essay writing five paragraph, same thing. She writes a tiny note about what happened in the bus: The packed Kyoto bus. A paper-folding woman.
Birds fly from her hands. She takes a piece of the woman’s paper and writes a message on it. My name is Mina. Whoever finds this will be my friend forever. Ambition Pilot! She folds the paper edge to edge, point to point. She makes a boat with it. Nowhere near as good as the woman’s boat, but something the same.
She takes another sheet of paper and folds that, too. On this she simply writes, Mina. She makes a bird with it, again nowhere near as good but still it’s a bird. She looks at the world, blinks, and looks again. She imagines a whole world made of folded paper: paper temple, paper trees, paper rocks, paper people, all neatly folded and creased in a paper world. Research Heart Disease! She smiles at the lovely illusion. Then she puts the bird into the boat and stands up. There are streams flowing through the garden. She kneels beside one of them and carefully places the boat into it and ambition pilot essay lets it go. “Sayonara,” she whispers as the boat and the bird are carried away through the research papers on coronary disease, rocks and the pine trees. “Sa-yo-na-ra,” until they’ve completely gone from pilot essay sight.
Then her mum’s voice: Mina hurries back to the lake. She waves. “I’m here,” she calls silently from the world below. Homework Essay! That evening they eat sushi and ambition sashimi and flakes of something that’s hardly there at all except for the intensity of the taste it leaves on the tongue. They walk home through the crowds, past the blazing lights of bars and what us moral essay department stores. They’re staying in a little timber house in a narrow street near the centre of the town. It’s a place with small sparse rooms, low lights, pale gliding shutters, tatami mats on the floors. There’s a bathroom with a deep stone bath and with openings in the wall where steam gushes out and a machine for making powdered ice.
In Mina’s room a little stone Buddha sits in ambition, a shrine with sprigs of cherry blossom and an incense burner. Mina lights the incense and scented smoke drifts through the room. She puts her bird and her boat on the shrine. She lies on a futon on the floor. Her Mum’s singing in the room next door. The city drones beyond the walls. The moon shines in research heart, through the window.
It illuminates Mina, and the three-fold painted screen that stands on the floor nearby. Upon the screen there are stone lanterns standing before a valley filled with cloud. There are distant jagged mountains. Long-legged, long-beaked, long-necked cranes are silhouetted against the dawn sky. They appear to be flying through this world towards another or into this world from ambition pilot another. When she sleeps, she dreams of the bird and the boat that have been carried away, She dreams of being the paper-folding woman.
She folds and creases and tugs and teases. Essays! She holds her creations in her open hands: look, this is how it’s done. Deep into her dreams she makes a dark-haired, dark-eyed boy. Mina smiles back at him. Her lips and tongue and breath form the sharp neat shapes and sounds. And then she falls into the deep dark silent lake that surrounds us all. Early next morning, at the edge of Kyoto, the boy is swimming in Biwa Lake. He swims smoothly across the shining surface, then takes huge breaths and dives again, again, again. He loves moving in the depths, with the ambition pilot, light above and what essay the darkness below and the silvery flashes of fish around him. He loves to burst out into the air, to curve, to dive down deep again.
This morning there isn’t much time. His father’s already called him. He climbs out onto the bank and crouches at the edge. He bangs two sticks together. Crack! Crack! Crack! Black and silver fish rise and gather at ambition the sound. Crack! Crack! Crack!
He drops crumbs towards their mouths that silently open and close, open and close. He’s turning away when a little paper boat appears, floating on what, the surface. He leans down and lifts it out. There’s a paper bird inside it. He stands and sees his father on the narrow beach beside their towels. He hurries to ambition pilot, him.
He dries himself and puts his clothes on. They get into what, a car, and head into Kyoto. Miyako inspects the boat and the bird as they travel. His dad glances at them. “And very wet,” says Miyako, as the ambition pilot, boat collapses between his fingers. Printable For Students! He opens it and finds the ambition pilot essay, blotchy faded words inside. He learns English at school, but most of this has seeped into the paper and is pretty meaningless. Papers Heart! All he can decipher are the letters that make ‘name’, ‘Mina’ and pilot essay ‘ever’. He finds the message in the bird as well. He refolds the bird and flies it through the tiny spaces around him.
The streets are packed, the roads are so busy, the traffic’s so slow. Dad keeps looking at his watch. He thinks of the one who wrote the messages. English, maybe. And probably a girl. He flies the papers disease, bird before his eyes, and it’s as if he can still feel the vibrations of its maker within it.
He thinks of the girl, and pilot essay an image of her starts to homework tips writing five paragraph, appear in his mind. They don’t really know it, of course, but as they get close to the centre of Kyoto they slowly pass Mina and her Mum, who are standing at a tiny temple that’s squashed in between a shoe shop and a bank. They’ve just rung a bell that hangs from the temple eaves. They’ve laughed at the paper fortunes that tell them what their lucky numbers are. Mina throws a coin into a small stone pond of golden fish. Miyako watches her.
There’s something familiar in the way she moves, the ambition pilot, way she bows her head. He continues to fly the bird. Mina suddenly turns and sees the ap literature poem essays, boy flying a bird inside a car. She catches her breath, then smiles as the car heads away into the traffic. Soon Miyako’s dad drives underground, into a huge downward-spiralling car park. They’re down at pilot level 6 before they find a space. Then they hurry to the escalators that zigzag through a huge department store towards the research proposals, sky. Ambition Pilot Essay! Sakura’s at a table in the open roof café. She has a pot of coffee with two cups, and a glass of lemonade. She stands when she sees them, bows and smiles. Miyako’s dad is all apologies, but she takes his hand and says it’s nothing, it’s OK. “Good morning, Miyako,” she says. “You have been in the water today?” She indicates the lemonade.
He thanks her. They’re still awkward with each other. Miyako plays with the bird as she and his dad talk and laugh about some mysterious theatre they saw together. Miyako unfolds the bird and tips essay writing five writes his name beside the name of Mina. He makes the ambition, bird again, then slips away from the ap literature, table and goes to essay, the parapet. He looks back.
Sakura’s OK, he supposes. His dad’s laughing again. Research Papers Disease! Change is coming, he knows that. Miyako looks down over beautiful Kyoto: the crowded streets, the skyscrapers, the flashing lights, the gardens. He sees Kinkaku-ji itself.
He’s even sure he can see its reflection in the water. He holds the bird above the parapet and flicks his wrist and lets it fly. Mina and her Mum walk happily arm-in-arm. Mina’s imagining, as she often does, that her dad is walking beside her, too. Mum’s bought a print of Mount Fuji rising from the mist. Ambition Pilot Essay! Mina’s bought some manga, two versions of the same story contained within one book. The English version starts from the left, the what essay, Japanese from the right. Ambition Pilot Essay! The versions end and come together at the centre. Mina and her mum love the makes, crowds, the shops, the ambition pilot, buses, the food, the temples. They love the silence and stillness at the heart of it all.
It’s the last day. Tomorrow it’s a bullet train to Hiroshima. But they feel that even when they’ve left this place they’ll still be here. Mina looks up as they walk and here’s the bird, swaying, falling, spinning, flying, a single tiny bird in all that space, a single tiny bird in space that goes on forever, as far as distant England, as far as the furthest star. Mina raises her hands and papers on coronary disease the points of the bird touch the points of essay, her fingers. She neatly folds her hands around it, then opens them, and shows it resting there. But it is. Mina opens the makes, bird, and there’s her name, with the new unreadable beautiful word by ambition, its side. They look up into proposals, the emptiness. There’s nothing they can say.
They walk on through indecipherable Kyoto. Miyako and pilot essay his dad and Sakura come down on research on coronary, the zigzag escalators. Sakura suggested a trip to Kinkaku-ji but his dad laughed and said not there again. So they’re heading for MacDonald’s and the cinema. Miyako knows they’re doing it for him.
That’s OK. He’s starting to ambition, feel at essay ease with her. He’s even starting to like her, and to feel happy for his dad. They walk through the sea of people. They come to a great pedestrian crossing where they wait for the lights to change and the traffic to stop. Mina and her mum are waiting at the far side. The moment comes and the tides of people flow towards each other in the crowded city beneath the empty sky. Mina and Miyako see each other. They stop, and bring the adults who are with them to ambition pilot essay, a stop as well. Copyright 2010, David Almond. All rights reserved.
Supported through the Scottish Government’s Edinburgh Festivals Expo Fund. David Almond reading Paper Boat Paper Plane. Multi-award-winning children's author reads his story on the theme of Elsewhere… This astonishingly versatile writer of chldren#39;s fiction has won many awards for his work and essays has recently turned his attention to writing adult fiction. His novels are read world-wide and pilot have even been adapted for the stage.
The Edinburgh International Book Festival Ltd 2017 . Paintball Narrative Essay! The Edinburgh International Book Festival has its registered office at 5a Charlotte Square, Edinburgh, EH2 4DR and is a company limited by guarantee (no SC 79939) with charitable status (SC 010120).
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So You Wanna be a Pilot?: (Pilot, A …
Science, Technology, and Society (STS) National Science Foundation. Division of pilot, Social and Economic Sciences. Full Proposal Deadline(s) (due by homework essay writing five 5 p.m. submitter's local time): February 02, 2015. February 2, Annually Thereafter. August 3, Annually Thereafter. IMPORTANT INFORMATION AND REVISION NOTES. The solicitation revises the characterization of the program to emphasize that it studies the full range of scientific, technological, engineering, and ambition pilot essay mathematical (STEM) disciplines, including medical science, using historical, philosophical, and social scientific approaches; and that it focuses on essays, the intellectual, material, and social facets of STEM.
The solicitation being replaced emphasized the interface between science and society. Scholars Awards and Postdoctoral Fellowships are distinguished as separate modes of funding; they were previously combined into one mode. The caps set on specific budget items (such as those on undergraduate, graduate, and ambition essay post-doctoral research assistants) have been eliminated. The caps on the award are now stated in terms of direct costs rather than the total costs, which included indirect costs; for most modes of funding, the designated cap effectively increases the cap on total costs indicated in the old solicitation. Doctoral Dissertation Research Improvement Grant proposals now only what, have one deadline per year, August 3, and ambition essay they are submitted to the STS program only under this solicitation. Any proposal submitted in research papers heart disease response to this solicitation should be submitted in accordance with the revised NSF Proposal Award Policies Procedures Guide (PAPPG) (NSF 17-1), which is effective for ambition pilot, proposals submitted, or due, on or after January 30, 2017.
Science, Technology, and Society (STS) The Science, Technology, and Society (STS) program supports research that uses historical, philosophical, and social scientific methods to investigate the intellectual, material, and social facets of the scientific, technological, engineering and mathematical (STEM) disciplines. Tips Writing! It encompasses a broad spectrum of STS topics including interdisciplinary studies of essay, ethics, equity, governance, and policy issues that are closely related to us moral, STEM disciplines, including medical science. The program#146;s review process is approximately six months. It includes appraisal of proposals by ad hoc reviewers selected for their expertise and by an advisory panel that meets twice a year. The deadlines for the submission of proposals are February 2nd for ambition, proposals to be funded as early as July, and August 3rd for proposals to be funded in or after January. There is one exception: Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grant proposals will have only printable, one deadline per year, August 3rd. The Program encourages potential investigators with questions as to whether their proposal fits the goals of the program to contact one of the program officers. Cognizant Program Officer(s) and pilot essay Additional Points of Contact: Frederick Kronz-Program Director, Program Officer, 995 N, telephone: (703) 292-7283, email: email@example.com.
Wenda Bauchspies-Program Director, 990 N, telephone: (703) 292-5026, email: firstname.lastname@example.org. Alexandra Cohen-Science Assistant, 995, telephone: (703) 292-4927, email: email@example.com. Applicable Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) Number(s): 47.075 --- Social Behavioral and paintball essay Economic Sciences. Anticipated Type of Award: Standard Grant or Continuing Grant or Fellowship. Estimated Number of Awards: 40. Anticipated Funding Amount: $6,200,000. Approximately $6,200,000 will be made available in FY 2015 to support an estimated 40 awards. Estimated program budget and ambition pilot number of awards are subject to the availability of funds. Proposals may only be submitted by the following: Organization limit varies by the mode of support: Standard Research Grants and Grants for Collaborative Research: US Academic Institutions and Non-Profit Research Organizations.
Scholars Awards and Postdoctoral Fellowships: US Academic Institutions and Independent Scholars. Homework Five Paragraph! Doctoral Dissertation Research Improvement Grants: US Academic Institutions. Conference and Workshop Support: No limitations. See NSF's Proposals and Awards Policies and Procedures Guide (PAPPG), Chapter I, Section E for categories of ambition, proposers eligible to submit proposals to NSF. See Section II. Paper! Program Description for detailed information about each mode of pilot essay, support.
PI eligibility limit varies by the mode of support. See Section II. Program Description for detailed information about each mode of support. Limit on proposals, Number of Proposals per Organization: There are no restrictions or limits. Limit on Number of ambition, Proposals per PI or Co-PI: There are no restrictions or limits. Proposal Preparation and Submission Instructions. A. Homework Tips Essay! Proposal Preparation Instructions. Full Proposals submitted via FastLane: NSF Proposal and Award Policies and Procedures Guide (PAPPG) guidelines apply.
The complete text of the PAPPG is available electronically on pilot, the NSF website at: https://www.nsf.gov/publications/pub_summ.jsp?ods_key=papp. Full Proposals submitted via Grants.gov: NSF Grants.gov Application Guide: A Guide for the Preparation and Submission of NSF Applications via Grants.gov guidelines apply (Note: The NSF Grants.gov Application Guide is available on the Grants.gov website and on the NSF website at: http://www.nsf.gov/publications/pub_summ.jsp?ods_key=grantsgovguide). Cost Sharing Requirements: Inclusion of voluntary committed cost sharing is prohibited. Indirect Cost (FA) Limitations: Other Budgetary Limitations: Other budgetary limitations apply. Please see the full text of this solicitation for further information. Full Proposal Deadline(s) (due by 5 p.m. submitter's local time): February 02, 2015.
February 2, Annually Thereafter. August 3, Annually Thereafter. Proposal Review Information Criteria. National Science Board approved criteria apply. Additional award conditions apply.
Please see the what essay, full text of this solicitation for further information. Standard NSF reporting requirements apply. Science, Technology, and Society (STS) is an interdisciplinary field that investigates topics relating to the scientific, technological, engineering and ambition essay mathematical (STEM) disciplines, including medical science. The STS program supports proposals across a broad spectrum of STS research areas. STS research uses historical, philosophical, and social scientific methods to investigate STEM theory and practice, and it may be empirical or conceptual. Specifically, it may focus on the intellectual, material, or social facets of STEM including interdisciplinary studies of ethics, equity, governance, and policy issues. STS is an interdisciplinary field that investigates topics relating to the scientific, technological, engineering and mathematical (STEM) disciplines, including medical science. STS research uses historical, philosophical, and papers on coronary social scientific methods to investigate STEM theory and practice with regards to essay, history and socio-cultural formation, philosophical underpinnings, and impacts of science and technology on quality of life, culture, and society.
STS researchers strive to understand how STEM fields contribute to the development and use of systems of on coronary heart, knowledge, the production and use of materials and devices, the co-evolution of socio-technical systems and ambition essay their governance, and narrative essay the place of science and technology in the modern world. STS research focuses on pilot essay, the intellectual, material, and research social facets of pilot, STEM. Such research endeavors to understand how scientific knowledge is paintball produced and sanctioned, and how it is challenged and changes. It explores broader societal ramifications and essay underlying presuppositions. Paintball Essay! STS research studies how materials, devices, and techniques are designed and developed; how and by ambition essay whom they are diffused, used, adapted, and rejected; how they are affected by social and cultural environments; and how they influence quality of life, culture, and society. STS research explores how socio-cultural values are embedded in science and technology, and how issues of governance and equity co-evolve with the development and use of scientific knowledge and technological artifacts. STS researchers make use of methods from a variety of disciplines, including anthropology, communication studies, history, philosophy, political science, and homework tips essay writing five paragraph sociology. Ambition Pilot! STS research includes interdisciplinary studies of ethics, equity, governance, and policy issues. STS studies may be empirical or conceptual.
The STS program supports proposals across the broad spectrum of STS research areas, topics, and approaches. Examples include, but are by no means limited to: Societal aspects of emerging high-tech technologies (e.g., nanotechnology, synthetic biology, neuroscience, robotics, drones, ubiquitous computing, crowdsourcing, remote-sensing) Societal aspects of emerging low-tech technologies (e.g., paper microscopes; whirlwind wheel chairs) Issues relating to equity, ethics, governance, sustainability, public engagement, user-centeredness, and inclusiveness. Integration of traditional STS approaches with innovative perspectives from the arts or humanities. Ethical, policy, and cultural issues regarding big data, surveillance and privacy in an increasingly networked world, and The science of ap literature poem, broadening participation in STEM disciplines. In addition, the STS program is particularly interested in proposals that will contribute to NSF's research-focused Big Ideas: Harnessing the Data Revolution for 21st Century Science and ambition pilot essay Engineering Navigating the New Arctic The Quantum Leap: Leading the Next Quantum Revolution Work at the Human-Technology Frontier: Shaping the Future Understanding the paintball essay, Rules of Life: Predicting Phenotype Windows on the Universe: The Era of Multi-Messenger Astrophysics. Effective STS proposals will clearly present the research questions, describe and explain the suitability of the methods to be used to address those questions, and ambition pilot essay provide a detailed work plan with a timeline that demonstrates adequate resources and access to any required data.
If the plan involves research at archives, working in specific labs, or engaging with pertinent community groups, it is important to provide evidence of us moral essay, access and to indicate the specific questions to be asked or addressed. If the plan involves surveys, the proposal should discuss sample selection and survey design and content. Similar advice pertains for other modes of STS research involving focus groups, ethnographies, modeling, conceptual analysis, and so forth. Effective proposals suitably situate the proposed project in pertinent STS literatures, issues, and conceptual or theoretical frameworks, and articulate how the results of the proposed project would serve to advance STS, or subfields thereof. Finally, successful proposals make a strong case for broader impacts. The Project Summary should describe specific, feasible broader project impacts and detailed plans to achieve them. A work plan for maximizing potential broader impacts and dissemination of results to multiple audiences including stakeholders and the public should be included in the Project Description. PIs are encouraged to engage in ambition new modes of disseminating results broadly, not just to ap literature poem, academics, but to stakeholders and the general public. The STS program supports several distinct modes of funding in order to accommodate the diverse research needs of the STS community.
Modes of support include Standard Research Grants and Grants for Collaborative Research, Scholars Awards, Postdoctoral Fellowships, Conference and ambition Workshop Support, and Doctoral Dissertation Research Improvement Grants. To assist the program in reviewing the printable essays for students, same types of proposals together, you must include a prefix in the title of the pilot, proposal that indicates the mode of support being requested; for example, if the workshop title is “On the homework tips five, Reliability of Evidence in Forensic Science,” the workshop proposal title should be “Workshop: On the Reliability of Evidence in Forensic Science.” 1. STANDARD RESEARCH GRANTS and GRANTS FOR COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH. These grants support proposals for basic STS research. Ambition Pilot Essay! They also support proposals for paper, infrastructure development that serves to essay, enhance STS research; program support of infrastructure projects is directed towards scholarly research and data production, rather than administrative or logistical activities.
Eligibility Requirements for Standard Grants and proposals paper Collaborative Research Grants. These grants are made to U.S. Ambition! academic institutions and to U.S. Printable! non-profit research organizations. Budget Guidelines for Standard Grants and Collaborative Grants. These grants are governed by NSF’s general policy, which limits salary compensation for senior project personnel to no more than two months of ambition pilot essay, their regular salary in any one year. Other restrictions apply; see NSF’s Proposals and Awards Policies and Procedures Guide (PAPPG) for paragraph, details. Pilot! Additional program guidelines and restrictions follow. Research assistance may be requested and tips writing must be justified in the Project Description in laying out the plan of work.
Funds may also be requested for other research related expenses, such as data collection or data processing activities, or travel expenses for research or for the dissemination of research results. Due to budgetary constraints, total direct costs will rarely exceed $400,000. (Total award size includes both total direct costs plus total indirect costs.) The duration is typically for ambition pilot essay, two to essays, three years. Proposals requesting larger amounts of support or a longer duration will be considered, if extraordinarily well justified and merited. Scholars Awards provide up to full-time release for an academic year and essay a summer to for students, conduct research. Essay! This time can be distributed over two or more years. In exceptional circumstances, longer releases can be requested. Some of the research on coronary disease, budgetary guidelines for Scholars Awards indicated below deviate from NSF’s Proposals and ambition Awards Policies and Procedures Guide (PAPPG). As indicated in the PAPPG, program solicitation guidelines supersede PAPPG guidelines.
Eligibility Requirements for Scholars Awards. Scholars Awards are normally made to U.S. Research Papers Disease! academic institutions, although an individual who is not affiliated with an pilot appropriate U.S. academic institution may submit a proposal as an independent scholar, in which case the scholar must be a U.S. citizen or national, or have permanent resident status. Budget Guidelines for Scholars Awards. These awards provide course-release support for research up to one full-time academic year (nine person-months), covering both salary and research heart disease fringe benefits. They may also provide support for up to two summer months, including salary and fringe benefits. Research assistance may also be requested and must be justified in the proposal's work plan.
Funds may also be requested for other research related expenses, such as data collection or data processing activities, or travel expenses for research or the pilot, dissemination of research results. Due to budgetary constraints, total direct costs will rarely exceed $180,000. (Total award size includes both total direct costs plus total indirect costs.) The duration is typically for one year. Printable! Proposals requesting larger amounts of support or a longer duration will be considered, if extraordinarily well justified and merited. 3. POSTDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIPS. Postdoctoral fellowships support researchers within five years of receipt of their doctoral degree in order to enhance their methodological skills and research competence.
Proposals for postdoctoral fellowships must include a mentoring plan, consistent with the PAPPG (Part I: Proposal Preparation and Submission Guidelines, Chapter II) and which includes mentoring in the ethical conduct of research. The site of the fellowship must be different than the institution where the ambition essay, scholar received her or his doctoral degree and the mentor must be someone other than members of the scholar’s doctoral committee. The proposal should justify the choice of venue and on coronary disease the host faculty member. Host institutions should provide letters agreeing to provide appropriate space and facilities. A letter of support must also be included from the scholar's dissertation advisor. These letters should be placed in the Supplementary Documents section of the proposal.
Eligibility Requirements for Postdoctoral Fellowships. Postdoctoral Fellowships are normally made to U.S. academic institutions, although an individual who is not affiliated with a U.S. Ambition Essay! academic institution may submit a proposal as an what essay independent scholar, in which case the scholar must be a U.S. citizen or national, or have permanent resident status. Budget Guidelines for Postdoctoral Fellowships. Postdoctoral Fellowships normally provide an annual stipend of $50,000 per year to cover both salary and fringe benefits for a maximum of two years. Ambition Pilot! Funds may also be requested for other research related expenses, such as data collection or data processing activities, or travel expenses for research or the dissemination of research results.
Due to budgetary constraints, total direct costs will rarely exceed $120,000. (Total award size includes both total direct costs plus total indirect costs.) The maximum duration is typically for two years. Research Heart! Proposals requesting larger amounts of support or a longer duration will be considered, if extraordinarily well justified and ambition pilot merited. 4. CONFERENCE AND WORKSHOP SUPPORT. These proposals should be prepared in accordance with NSF’s Proposals and Awards Policies and disease Procedures Guide (PAPPG). Ambition Pilot! Additional program guidelines and restrictions are provided below. The STS program provides financial support for us moral, national and international conferences, symposia, and research workshops. The program is particularly interested in ambition pilot essay proposals that promote new research networks between researchers in what us moral essay STS and scientists and engineers, or between STS scholars and members of scholarly communities not normally in ambition essay contact with each other. A goal of the gathering should be development of a new field of scholarship, pedagogy, or research. Proposals for conference or workshop support should describe the essays for students, need for the gathering, the proposed date and location, topics and persons who will be involved, prior related meetings, publicity, and expected outcomes.
Conferences and workshops may be carried out as special sessions in regular meetings of professional societies if justified. Workshops may be held at pilot, NSF at no charge provided that meeting-room space is essay available. Meetings usually should be open. Every effort should be made to include younger scholars and members of underrepresented groups as speakers, organizers, attendees and in other pertinent roles; these efforts should be described in the Project Description component of the proposal. Eligibility Requirements for Conference and Workshop Support. All categories of proposers recognized by NSF are eligible to apply. See the PAPPG (Chapter 1, Section E) for ambition pilot, more information about who may submit proposals.
Budget Guidelines for Conference and Workshop Support. Support for conferences and proposals paper workshops typically do not exceed $25,000 in direct costs. Expenses (travel, stipends, etc.) for attendees should be entered on the Participant Support line of the budget. A small percentage of the total direct costs may be requested for administrative support, such as a graduate student paid to assist the organizer with logistical concerns. Dissemination of results to as broad an audience as possible is encouraged and plans for maximizing broader impacts should be included in the project description. 5. DOCTORAL DISSERTATION RESEARCH IMPROVEMENT GRANTS (DDRIGs) DDRIGs provide funds for dissertation research expenses not normally available through the student's university. The dissertation director is the Principal Investigator on these proposals; the ambition essay, doctoral student should be listed as Co-Principal Investigator. DDRIG proposals should be prepared in accordance with the guidelines for regular research proposals specified in NSF’s Proposals and Awards Policies and Procedures Guide (PAPPG). On Coronary! The Project Description should not exceed 10 pages and should describe the scientific significance of the work, including its relationship to pilot, other current research, and proposals paper the design of the project in ambition pilot essay sufficient detail to permit evaluation.
It should present and interpret progress to date if the research is already underway. The Results from Prior NSF Support section is not required for these proposals. Awards are not intended to cover the full costs of printable for students, a student's doctoral dissertation research. Funds may be used only for ambition pilot, valid research expenses which include, but are not limited to, conducting field research in settings away from campus that would not otherwise be possible, data collection costs, payments to subjects or informants, supplies, travel to homework essay writing five paragraph, archives, special collections or seminars, and facilities or field research locations, and partial living expenses for conducting necessary research away from the student's university. Funds are to be used exclusively for the actual conduct of dissertation research and dissemination of results. Ambition! These funds may not be used as a student stipend, for tuition, textbooks, journals, or for the typing, reproduction, or publication costs of the student's dissertation. Funds may be requested for essays for students, research assistants only in very special circumstances, which should be carefully justified. The Results from ambition pilot essay, Prior NSF Support section is not required for DDRIG proposals.
The program has additional requirements that are specified below. One of ap literature, those requirements deviates from the PAPPG; specifically, the program requires that a letter of support from the student’s dissertation director is to be included in the proposal. Please note that program solicitation guidelines supersede PAPPG guidelines, as indicated in the PAPPG. The proposal must include a letter from the dissertation director. This letter is pilot not intended as a traditional recommendation, but should evaluate the student's promise as a researcher, the student's capabilities for essays for students, undertaking this project, and the value and status of the proposed research. It should also discuss the student's current progress in the graduate program, affirming that the ambition essay, student has passed the qualifying exams, completed all course work required for the degree, and obtained official approval of the dissertation topic or will do so within six months. Poem! If the doctoral student will use the award for travel expenses to work with a specialist, the ambition essay, proposal should provide a justification for ap literature poem, this choice and a letter of collaboration from the specialist agreeing to work with the student. This letter of collaboration should not provide any evaluative content concerning the quality of the work or of the student. The letter of support from the dissertation director and letters of collaboration (if any) should be placed in the Supplementary Documents section of the FastLane proposal.
Eligibility Requirements for Doctoral Dissertation Research Improvement Grants. Only doctoral students who are enrolled in graduate programs at US graduate research institutions are eligible to ambition pilot, apply. Doctoral students must have passed the proposals paper, qualifying exams, have completed all course work required for the degree, and have official approval of the ambition essay, dissertation topic prior to receiving the essay, award. Budget Guidelines for Doctoral Dissertation Research Improvement Grants. Due to budgetary limitations, dissertation grants typically do not exceed $10,000 in direct costs for research in North America and $12,500 in direct costs for international research, plus applicable indirect costs. Neither the PI (the dissertation director) nor any of the Co-PIs (including the dissertation student) should be listed on the Senior Personnel Listing on the Budget page, since DDRIG proposals do not provide funds for salaries or stipends for the doctoral student, the ambition pilot essay, dissertation director, or other faculty advisors. After the PI and essay writing five the Co-PI(s) are entered on the Cover Sheet, their names should be manually removed from the ambition essay, Senior Personnel Listing on the budget pages to avoid construal as voluntary committed cost sharing, which is not permitted. 6. OTHER GRANT OPPORTUNITIES.
The STS Program also participates in Foundation-wide initiatives such as CAREER, ADVANCE, CCE STEM, NUE and INSPIRE. Investigators may also wish to view the research on coronary heart disease, SBE Office of Multidisciplinary Activities (SMA) web site for additional funding opportunities. Anticipated Type of Award: Standard, Continuing Grant, or Fellowship Estimated Number of ambition essay, Awards: 40 Anticipated Funding Amount: $6,200,000 in FY 2015. Proposals may only be submitted by the following: Organization limit varies by the mode of support: Standard Research Grants and research papers heart Grants for essay, Collaborative Research: US Academic Institutions and Non-Profit Research Organizations. Scholars Awards and Postdoctoral Fellowships: US Academic Institutions and Independent Scholars. Narrative! Doctoral Dissertation Research Improvement Grants: US Academic Institutions. Pilot Essay! Conference and Workshop Support: No limitations.
See NSF's Proposals and Awards Policies and essay writing five paragraph Procedures Guide (PAPPG), Chapter I, Section E for categories of proposers eligible to submit proposals to NSF. See Section II. Program Description for detailed information about each mode of support. PI eligibility limit varies by pilot the mode of support. See Section II. Program Description for ap literature essays, detailed information about ambition essay each mode of support.
Limit on Number of Proposals per narrative, Organization: There are no restrictions or limits. Limit on Number of Proposals per PI or Co-PI: There are no restrictions or limits. V. PROPOSAL PREPARATION AND SUBMISSION INSTRUCTIONS. A. Proposal Preparation Instructions. Full Proposal Preparation Instructions: Proposers may opt to submit proposals in ambition response to this Program Solicitation via Grants.gov or via the essay, NSF FastLane system. Full proposals submitted via FastLane: Proposals submitted in response to this program solicitation should be prepared and pilot submitted in accordance with the general guidelines contained in essays for students the NSF Proposal Award Policies Procedures Guide (PAPPG).
The complete text of the PAPPG is available electronically on ambition, the NSF website at: https://www.nsf.gov/publications/pub_summ.jsp?ods_key=papp. Paper copies of the PAPPG may be obtained from the papers on coronary heart, NSF Publications Clearinghouse, telephone (703) 292-7827 or by e-mail from ambition pilot, firstname.lastname@example.org. Research! Proposers are reminded to identify this program solicitation number in the program solicitation block on pilot essay, the NSF Cover Sheet For Proposal to paper, the National Science Foundation. Compliance with this requirement is critical to determining the relevant proposal processing guidelines. Failure to submit this information may delay processing. Full proposals submitted via Grants.gov: Proposals submitted in response to ambition pilot essay, this program solicitation via Grants.gov should be prepared and submitted in accordance with the NSF Grants.gov Application Guide: A Guide for the Preparation and Submission of NSF Applications via Grants.gov. The complete text of the NSF Grants.gov Application Guide is available on the Grants.gov website and on the NSF website at: (http://www.nsf.gov/publications/pub_summ.jsp?ods_key=grantsgovguide). To obtain copies of the Application Guide and Application Forms Package, click on the Apply tab on the Grants.gov site, then click on the Apply Step 1: Download a Grant Application Package and Application Instructions link and enter the funding opportunity number, (the program solicitation number without the NSF prefix) and press the Download Package button. Paper copies of the Grants.gov Application Guide also may be obtained from the NSF Publications Clearinghouse, telephone (703) 292-7827 or by e-mail from email@example.com.
In determining which method to utilize in the electronic preparation and submission of the proposal, please note the following: Collaborative Proposals. All collaborative proposals submitted as separate submissions from multiple organizations must be submitted via the NSF FastLane system. PAPPG Chapter II.D.3 provides additional information on collaborative proposals. See PAPPG Chapter II.C.2 for guidance on the required sections of a full research proposal submitted to NSF. Please note that the proposal preparation instructions provided in this program solicitation may deviate from the PAPPG instructions. Additional Proposal Preparation Instructions. The title of the proposal must identify the mode of support (five modes are distinguished above in Section II) using the appropriate title prefix: Standard Grant, Scholars Award, Postdoctoral Fellowship, Dissertation Grant, or Workshop. Section II of this solicitation provides detailed information and special instructions for poem, each mode of support. The instructions for some of ambition essay, these modes of support deviate from the guidelines in paintball essay the NSF Proposal Award Policies Procedures Guide (PAPPG) and ambition essay the NSF Grants.gov Application Guide.
Inclusion of voluntary committed cost sharing is prohibited. Other Budgetary Limitations: See Section II. Program Description for essays for students, detailed information. Full Proposal Deadline(s) (due by essay 5 p.m. submitter's local time): February 02, 2015. February 2, Annually Thereafter. August 3, Annually Thereafter. Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grant proposals will have only one deadline per year, August 3rd.
For Proposals Submitted Via FastLane: To prepare and submit a proposal via FastLane, see detailed technical instructions available at: https://www.fastlane.nsf.gov/a1/newstan.htm. For FastLane user support, call the FastLane Help Desk at 1-800-673-6188 or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org. The FastLane Help Desk answers general technical questions related to the use of the FastLane system. Specific questions related to this program solicitation should be referred to the NSF program staff contact(s) listed in Section VIII of this funding opportunity. For Proposals Submitted Via Grants.gov: Before using Grants.gov for the first time, each organization must register to makes, create an institutional profile.
Once registered, the pilot essay, applicant's organization can then apply for any federal grant on makes, the Grants.gov website. Comprehensive information about using Grants.gov is available on the Grants.gov Applicant Resources webpage: http://www.grants.gov/web/grants/applicants.html. In addition, the NSF Grants.gov Application Guide (see link in Section V.A) provides instructions regarding the technical preparation of proposals via Grants.gov. For Grants.gov user support, contact the Grants.gov Contact Center at 1-800-518-4726 or by email: email@example.com. The Grants.gov Contact Center answers general technical questions related to the use of Grants.gov. Specific questions related to this program solicitation should be referred to the NSF program staff contact(s) listed in ambition pilot essay Section VIII of this solicitation.
Submitting the research proposals, Proposal: Once all documents have been completed, the Authorized Organizational Representative (AOR) must submit the application to Grants.gov and verify the desired funding opportunity and agency to which the application is submitted. The AOR must then sign and pilot submit the application to Grants.gov. The completed application will be transferred to research proposals paper, the NSF FastLane system for further processing. Proposers that submitted via FastLane are strongly encouraged to use FastLane to verify the status of their submission to NSF. For proposers that submitted via Grants.gov, until an application has been received and ambition essay validated by NSF, the Authorized Organizational Representative may check the status of an application on Grants.gov. After proposers have received an paper e-mail notification from NSF, Research.gov should be used to check the status of an application. VI. NSF PROPOSAL PROCESSING AND REVIEW PROCEDURES. Proposals received by ambition pilot NSF are assigned to the appropriate NSF program for printable for students, acknowledgement and, if they meet NSF requirements, for review.
All proposals are carefully reviewed by a scientist, engineer, or educator serving as an NSF Program Officer, and usually by three to ten other persons outside NSF either as ad hoc reviewers, panelists, or both, who are experts in the particular fields represented by the proposal. These reviewers are selected by ambition essay Program Officers charged with oversight of the review process. Proposers are invited to suggest names of persons they believe are especially well qualified to review the paintball narrative, proposal and/or persons they would prefer not review the proposal. These suggestions may serve as one source in the reviewer selection process at the Program Officer's discretion. Submission of such names, however, is optional. Care is taken to ensure that reviewers have no conflicts of interest with the proposal.
In addition, Program Officers may obtain comments from site visits before recommending final action on proposals. Pilot Essay! Senior NSF staff further review recommendations for awards. A flowchart that depicts the essays, entire NSF proposal and award process (and associated timeline) is included in PAPPG Exhibit III-1. A comprehensive description of the Foundation's merit review process is available on the NSF website at: http://www.nsf.gov/bfa/dias/policy/merit_review/. Proposers should also be aware of ambition essay, core strategies that are essential to the fulfillment of NSF's mission, as articulated in Investing in Science, Engineering, and Education for essay, the Nation's Future: NSF Strategic Plan for 2014-2018 . These strategies are integrated in the program planning and pilot essay implementation process, of which proposal review is one part. NSF's mission is particularly well-implemented through the integration of research and education and broadening participation in NSF programs, projects, and activities. One of the strategic objectives in support of NSF's mission is to research papers disease, foster integration of research and education through the programs, projects, and activities it supports at ambition pilot essay, academic and research on coronary research institutions. Essay! These institutions must recruit, train, and prepare a diverse STEM workforce to advance the frontiers of science and research participate in the U.S. technology-based economy.
NSF's contribution to the national innovation ecosystem is to provide cutting-edge research under the guidance of the Nation's most creative scientists and engineers. NSF also supports development of a strong science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) workforce by investing in building the ambition essay, knowledge that informs improvements in STEM teaching and learning. NSF's mission calls for the broadening of opportunities and expanding participation of groups, institutions, and poem essays geographic regions that are underrepresented in pilot STEM disciplines, which is ap literature essential to the health and vitality of science and engineering. NSF is committed to this principle of diversity and deems it central to the programs, projects, and ambition activities it considers and supports. A. Merit Review Principles and Criteria. The National Science Foundation strives to invest in a robust and diverse portfolio of projects that creates new knowledge and enables breakthroughs in understanding across all areas of science and engineering research and education. To identify which projects to support, NSF relies on a merit review process that incorporates consideration of both the technical aspects of a proposed project and its potential to contribute more broadly to advancing NSF's mission to promote the progress of homework writing five, science; to advance the national health, prosperity, and pilot welfare; to secure the national defense; and for other purposes. NSF makes every effort to conduct a fair, competitive, transparent merit review process for the selection of projects. 1. Merit Review Principles.
These principles are to be given due diligence by PIs and organizations when preparing proposals and managing projects, by ap literature reviewers when reading and evaluating proposals, and by essay NSF program staff when determining whether or not to recommend proposals for funding and while overseeing awards. Given that NSF is the primary federal agency charged with nurturing and supporting excellence in basic research and narrative education, the following three principles apply: All NSF projects should be of the highest quality and have the potential to advance, if not transform, the frontiers of knowledge. NSF projects, in the aggregate, should contribute more broadly to achieving societal goals. These Broader Impacts may be accomplished through the research itself, through activities that are directly related to ambition pilot essay, specific research projects, or through activities that are supported by, but are complementary to, the project. The project activities may be based on previously established and/or innovative methods and approaches, but in either case must be well justified. Meaningful assessment and evaluation of NSF funded projects should be based on ap literature, appropriate metrics, keeping in mind the likely correlation between the essay, effect of broader impacts and the resources provided to us moral, implement projects. Essay! If the size of the activity is limited, evaluation of proposals, that activity in pilot isolation is not likely to be meaningful. Ap Literature Poem Essays! Thus, assessing the effectiveness of these activities may best be done at a higher, more aggregated, level than the individual project. With respect to the third principle, even if assessment of Broader Impacts outcomes for particular projects is done at an aggregated level, PIs are expected to be accountable for carrying out the pilot essay, activities described in the funded project.
Thus, individual projects should include clearly stated goals, specific descriptions of the activities that the PI intends to do, and a plan in place to document the outputs of those activities. These three merit review principles provide the on coronary, basis for pilot essay, the merit review criteria, as well as a context within which the users of the criteria can better understand their intent. All NSF proposals are evaluated through use of the two National Science Board approved merit review criteria. In some instances, however, NSF will employ additional criteria as required to highlight the specific objectives of certain programs and activities. The two merit review criteria are listed below.
Both criteria are to be given full consideration during the review and decision-making processes; each criterion is necessary but neither, by itself, is sufficient. Therefore, proposers must fully address both criteria. (PAPPG Chapter II.C.2.d(i). contains additional information for use by proposers in development of the Project Description section of the proposal). Ap Literature! Reviewers are strongly encouraged to review the criteria, including PAPPG Chapter II.C.2.d(i), prior to the review of a proposal. When evaluating NSF proposals, reviewers will be asked to consider what the proposers want to do, why they want to do it, how they plan to do it, how they will know if they succeed, and what benefits could accrue if the project is successful. These issues apply both to the technical aspects of the proposal and the way in which the ambition pilot essay, project may make broader contributions. To that end, reviewers will be asked to evaluate all proposals against two criteria: Intellectual Merit: The Intellectual Merit criterion encompasses the potential to advance knowledge; and Broader Impacts: The Broader Impacts criterion encompasses the homework, potential to benefit society and contribute to the achievement of specific, desired societal outcomes. The following elements should be considered in the review for essay, both criteria: What is the potential for the proposed activity to Advance knowledge and printable understanding within its own field or across different fields (Intellectual Merit); and Benefit society or advance desired societal outcomes (Broader Impacts)? To what extent do the proposed activities suggest and explore creative, original, or potentially transformative concepts?
Is the plan for ambition, carrying out the proposed activities well-reasoned, well-organized, and based on a sound rationale? Does the plan incorporate a mechanism to assess success? How well qualified is the individual, team, or organization to ap literature poem essays, conduct the proposed activities? Are there adequate resources available to the PI (either at the home organization or through collaborations) to carry out the essay, proposed activities? Broader impacts may be accomplished through the research itself, through the activities that are directly related to specific research projects, or through activities that are supported by, but are complementary to, the project. NSF values the advancement of scientific knowledge and activities that contribute to achievement of research, societally relevant outcomes. Pilot Essay! Such outcomes include, but are not limited to: full participation of printable essays, women, persons with disabilities, and underrepresented minorities in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM); improved STEM education and educator development at ambition pilot, any level; increased public scientific literacy and public engagement with science and technology; improved well-being of paintball narrative, individuals in society; development of a diverse, globally competitive STEM workforce; increased partnerships between academia, industry, and others; improved national security; increased economic competitiveness of the United States; and ambition pilot essay enhanced infrastructure for research and what education. Proposers are reminded that reviewers will also be asked to review the Data Management Plan and the Postdoctoral Researcher Mentoring Plan, as appropriate.
Proposals submitted in response to this program solicitation will be reviewed by Ad hoc Review and/or Panel Review. Reviewers will be asked to evaluate proposals using two National Science Board approved merit review criteria and, if applicable, additional program specific criteria. Ambition Pilot! A summary rating and accompanying narrative will generally be completed and submitted by each reviewer and/or panel. Papers! The Program Officer assigned to manage the proposal's review will consider the advice of reviewers and will formulate a recommendation. After scientific, technical and programmatic review and consideration of appropriate factors, the NSF Program Officer recommends to ambition pilot, the cognizant Division Director whether the proposal should be declined or recommended for award.
NSF strives to be able to tell applicants whether their proposals have been declined or recommended for funding within six months. Research Papers On Coronary Heart! Large or particularly complex proposals or proposals from new awardees may require additional review and processing time. The time interval begins on ambition pilot, the deadline or target date, or receipt date, whichever is later. The interval ends when the narrative, Division Director acts upon the Program Officer's recommendation. After programmatic approval has been obtained, the proposals recommended for funding will be forwarded to the Division of Grants and Agreements for review of business, financial, and policy implications. After an ambition pilot administrative review has occurred, Grants and what makes us moral essay Agreements Officers perform the processing and issuance of a grant or other agreement.
Proposers are cautioned that only a Grants and Agreements Officer may make commitments, obligations or awards on behalf of NSF or authorize the expenditure of funds. No commitment on ambition, the part of NSF should be inferred from technical or budgetary discussions with a NSF Program Officer. A Principal Investigator or organization that makes financial or personnel commitments in the absence of a grant or cooperative agreement signed by the NSF Grants and Agreements Officer does so at research paper, their own risk. Once an award or declination decision has been made, Principal Investigators are provided feedback about their proposals. Ambition Pilot Essay! In all cases, reviews are treated as confidential documents. Verbatim copies of reviews, excluding the names of the reviewers or any reviewer-identifying information, are sent to ap literature, the Principal Investigator/Project Director by the Program Officer. Ambition Pilot Essay! In addition, the research proposals paper, proposer will receive an explanation of the decision to award or decline funding. VII. AWARD ADMINISTRATION INFORMATION. Notification of the award is made to the submitting organization by a Grants Officer in the Division of Grants and Agreements.
Organizations whose proposals are declined will be advised as promptly as possible by the cognizant NSF Program administering the program. Verbatim copies of reviews, not including the identity of the reviewer, will be provided automatically to ambition pilot, the Principal Investigator. (See Section VI.B. for research proposals paper, additional information on ambition pilot, the review process). An NSF award consists of: (1) the award notice, which includes any special provisions applicable to the award and narrative any numbered amendments thereto; (2) the pilot essay, budget, which indicates the amounts, by categories of expense, on which NSF has based its support (or otherwise communicates any specific approvals or disapprovals of proposed expenditures); (3) the proposal referenced in the award notice; (4) the paragraph, applicable award conditions, such as Grant General Conditions (GC-1)*; or Research Terms and Conditions* and (5) any announcement or other NSF issuance that may be incorporated by reference in the award notice. Cooperative agreements also are administered in accordance with NSF Cooperative Agreement Financial and Administrative Terms and Conditions (CA-FATC) and the applicable Programmatic Terms and Conditions. NSF awards are electronically signed by an NSF Grants and Agreements Officer and ambition transmitted electronically to the organization via e-mail. *These documents may be accessed electronically on NSF's Website at http://www.nsf.gov/awards/managing/award_conditions.jsp?org=NSF. Ap Literature Poem Essays! Paper copies may be obtained from the pilot essay, NSF Publications Clearinghouse, telephone (703) 292-7827 or by e-mail from firstname.lastname@example.org. More comprehensive information on NSF Award Conditions and other important information on the administration of NSF awards is contained in makes essay the NSF Proposal Award Policies Procedures Guide (PAPPG) Chapter VII, available electronically on the NSF Website at https://www.nsf.gov/publications/pub_summ.jsp?ods_key=papp. Life-changing situations during the period of the award. NSF takes seriously career-life balance. Awardees who encounter any life-changing situation (e.g. birth or adoption of a child, serious illness or death of family member) during the pilot, period of the award will be encouraged to reference http://www.nsf.gov/career-life-balance/ and to discuss resolutions with a program officer.
For all multi-year grants (including both standard and continuing grants), the Principal Investigator must submit an annual project report to the cognizant Program Officer no later than 90 days prior to the end of the tips writing paragraph, current budget period. (Some programs or awards require submission of more frequent project reports). Essay! No later than 120 days following expiration of a grant, the PI also is required to submit a final project report, and a project outcomes report for the general public. Failure to provide the printable for students, required annual or final project reports, or the project outcomes report, will delay NSF review and processing of any future funding increments as well as any pending proposals for all identified PIs and co-PIs on a given award. PIs should examine the formats of the required reports in advance to ambition, assure availability of required data. PIs are required to use NSF's electronic project-reporting system, available through Research.gov, for preparation and submission of annual and final project reports. Such reports provide information on ap literature essays, accomplishments, project participants (individual and organizational), publications, and other specific products and essay impacts of the project. Submission of the report via Research.gov constitutes certification by the PI that the contents of the research on coronary disease, report are accurate and complete. The project outcomes report also must be prepared and submitted using Research.gov. This report serves as a brief summary, prepared specifically for the public, of the nature and outcomes of the ambition pilot essay, project.
This report will be posted on the NSF website exactly as it is submitted by the PI. More comprehensive information on NSF Reporting Requirements and other important information on the administration of NSF awards is contained in the NSF Proposal Award Policies Procedures Guide (PAPPG) Chapter VII, available electronically on the NSF Website at poem, https://www.nsf.gov/publications/pub_summ.jsp?ods_key=papp. Please note that the program contact information is current at the time of publishing. Essay! See program website for any updates to the points of contact. General inquiries regarding this program should be made to:
Frederick Kronz-Program Director, Program Officer, 995 N, telephone: (703) 292-7283, email: email@example.com. Wenda Bauchspies-Program Director, 990 N, telephone: (703) 292-5026, email: firstname.lastname@example.org. Alexandra Cohen-Science Assistant, 995, telephone: (703) 292-4927, email: email@example.com. For questions related to what, the use of FastLane, contact: FastLane Help Desk, telephone: 1-800-673-6188; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. For questions relating to ambition essay, Grants.gov contact: Grants.gov Contact Center: If the Authorized Organizational Representatives (AOR) has not received a confirmation message from Grants.gov within 48 hours of ap literature, submission of application, please contact via telephone: 1-800-518-4726; e-mail: email@example.com.
The NSF website provides the ambition essay, most comprehensive source of information on NSF Directorates (including contact information), programs and funding opportunities. Use of this website by potential proposers is makes strongly encouraged. In addition, NSF Update is an information-delivery system designed to keep potential proposers and other interested parties apprised of pilot, new NSF funding opportunities and ap literature essays publications, important changes in proposal and award policies and procedures, and upcoming NSF Grants Conferences. Subscribers are informed through e-mail or the pilot, user's Web browser each time new publications are issued that match their identified interests. NSF Update also is available on NSF's website. Grants.gov provides an additional electronic capability to search for Federal government-wide grant opportunities. NSF funding opportunities may be accessed via this mechanism. Paintball Essay! Further information on Grants.gov may be obtained at http://www.grants.gov. ABOUT THE NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION.
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an pilot independent Federal agency created by the National Science Foundation Act of 1950, as amended (42 USC 1861-75). The Act states the purpose of the NSF is to promote the progress of science; [and] to advance the national health, prosperity, and welfare by supporting research and education in all fields of science and engineering. NSF funds research and education in most fields of science and engineering. It does this through grants and cooperative agreements to homework tips writing five paragraph, more than 2,000 colleges, universities, K-12 school systems, businesses, informal science organizations and other research organizations throughout the US. The Foundation accounts for about one-fourth of Federal support to ambition essay, academic institutions for basic research. NSF receives approximately 55,000 proposals each year for tips essay writing paragraph, research, education and training projects, of which approximately 11,000 are funded. In addition, the Foundation receives several thousand applications for graduate and postdoctoral fellowships. The agency operates no laboratories itself but does support National Research Centers, user facilities, certain oceanographic vessels and Arctic and Antarctic research stations. The Foundation also supports cooperative research between universities and ambition essay industry, US participation in international scientific and engineering efforts, and educational activities at every academic level.
Facilitation Awards for Scientists and Engineers with Disabilities (FASED) provide funding for special assistance or equipment to enable persons with disabilities to work on NSF-supported projects. See the makes us moral, NSF Proposal Award Policies Procedures Guide Chapter II.E.6 for instructions regarding preparation of pilot essay, these types of proposals. The National Science Foundation has Telephonic Device for the Deaf (TDD) and Federal Information Relay Service (FIRS) capabilities that enable individuals with hearing impairments to communicate with the Foundation about printable NSF programs, employment or general information. TDD may be accessed at (703) 292-5090 and (800) 281-8749, FIRS at (800) 877-8339. The National Science Foundation Information Center may be reached at (703) 292-5111. The National Science Foundation promotes and advances scientific progress in the United States by competitively awarding grants and cooperative agreements for research and education in the sciences, mathematics, and engineering. To get the essay, latest information about program deadlines, to download copies of printable essays for students, NSF publications, and to access abstracts of awards, visit the NSF Website at http://www.nsf.gov. 4201 Wilson Blvd. Arlington, VA 22230.
Send an ambition pilot e-mail to: PRIVACY ACT AND PUBLIC BURDEN STATEMENTS. The information requested on proposal forms and project reports is solicited under the research proposals paper, authority of the National Science Foundation Act of 1950, as amended. The information on proposal forms will be used in connection with the essay, selection of qualified proposals; and project reports submitted by awardees will be used for program evaluation and reporting within the Executive Branch and to poem, Congress. The information requested may be disclosed to qualified reviewers and staff assistants as part of the proposal review process; to proposer institutions/grantees to provide or obtain data regarding the proposal review process, award decisions, or the administration of awards; to government contractors, experts, volunteers and researchers and educators as necessary to complete assigned work; to other government agencies or other entities needing information regarding applicants or nominees as part of a joint application review process, or in order to coordinate programs or policy; and to another Federal agency, court, or party in a court or Federal administrative proceeding if the government is a party. Information about ambition Principal Investigators may be added to the Reviewer file and used to select potential candidates to serve as peer reviewers or advisory committee members. See Systems of Records, NSF-50, Principal Investigator/Proposal File and Associated Records, 69 Federal Register 26410 (May 12, 2004), and NSF-51, Reviewer/Proposal File and Associated Records, 69 Federal Register 26410 (May 12, 2004). Submission of the information is printable for students voluntary. Failure to ambition pilot essay, provide full and complete information, however, may reduce the possibility of receiving an award.
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Essay On My Ambition In Life To …
English essay – Hanif Kureishi’s “My Son the Fanatic” Analyse how Hanif Kureishi’s “My Son the essay, Fanatic” represents and explores conflicting notions of modern British identity. As well as ethnic and racial tensions, you might look at questions of generational difference, gender, religion, empire, class. Paper. Use textual evidence from the story to ambition essay, justify your interpretation, and pay attention to ap literature essays, literary strategies such as structure, diction (language choice) characterisation and narrative structure. Hanif Kureishi’s “My Son the Fanatic” is ambition pilot essay a story of two competing and irreconcilable ideals: Parvez’s, in his dream of providing for proposals, his family and putting his son through college, and Ali’s, in the passion and zeal of a fiercely anti-Western strain of Islam. Both men have similarly incompatible notions of Britain and ‘Britishness’: for Parvez, Britain is both the dream of the perfect life and the constant need to satisfy that dream.
For Ali, Britain is a “bottomless pit”  of corruption and sin, guilty of oppressing Muslims around the world. In his narrative, Kureishi explores issues of identity and empire and artfully creates a fractured relationship that allows for consideration and analysis of these themes on both an individual and a societal level. The most obvious clash in pilot the story is research that of identity, and pilot essay, indeed the conflict is centered on what us moral competing notions of Ali’s identity. Parvez sees his son as the fulfillment of his ‘British dream’, excelling at cricket, swimming and football, achieving straight As in school, studying accounting at college and on track to “get a good job…marry the right girl and ambition essay, start a family”  . What Makes Essay. The conflict arises when Ali begins to turn away from his father’s dream, breaking up with his “English girlfriend” and throwing away his possessions, stating that “there are more important things to be done.”  However, it is not just Parvez’s ‘British dream’ that creates conflict, but also his conception of what ‘Britishness’ is: Parvez orders his wife to cook bacon and pork sausages, forbidden by Islam, saying “this is England. We have to fit in!” Ali, conversely, sees Britain and the West as immoral, oppressive, corrupt and “a sink of hypocrites, adulterers, homosexuals, drug takers and prostitutes.” Ali’s identity is not British, nor does he really see himself as his father’s son. Instead, Ali seems to ambition, define himself in opposition to his father’s ideal: other than the “Western materialists” with which his father is “implicated”, against drinking, gambling and ap literature poem, socializing with women, and as persecuted and oppressed by a country he has never left.
It is both useful and interesting to note how Kureishi frames the various aspects of this. Pilot Essay. Parvez is immediately introduced to us as a father, but is tips writing also identified as a taxi driver, and as one of many Punjabis working at the same cab company. The order in which Kureishi reveals the aspects of ambition pilot, Parvez’s life are in order of their significance to the narrative. Parvez the tips five paragraph, father is the protagonist of the piece, it is his friends in ambition the taxi world that advise him on his course of actions (much of research on coronary, which takes place in the cab itself), and finally it is Parvez’s Punjabi heritage which not only leads Ali to Islam, but also creates the conflict between father and son in Parvez’s failure to strictly adhere to the religion of his homeland. It is worth noting that, until Ali is discovered to be praying, there is no mention of Islam at all – until this point, this story follows a familiar father and son relationship. By leaving any mention of Islam until the audience is introduced with the characters, Kureishi is ambition aiming to establish his characters as familiar and essays, relatable before introducing the ambition pilot, less familiar and more alien in Islam. Although published in 1994, “My Son the paintball essay, Fanatic” provides an interesting analogy when considered in ambition relation to the events of July 7, 2005. Parvez’s violence towards his son at the conclusion of the research, story is analogous of the violence of the ambition essay, terrorist attacks on the London Underground, and is testimony to the potentially disastrous consequences of society’s failure to understand the paintball essay, beliefs and attitudes of other people.  The bombings on the London Underground were orchestrated by essay, four British men of Pakistani parentage (like Ali in the story), all were unknown to intelligence agencies, and were involved in cricket clubs, football clubs, local council and local primary schools. The similarities between these four men and Ali are too great to ignore, and while we do not know much about their philosophy and ideology, it is tips five paragraph not a stretch to imagine it being similar to Ali’s. Ali is full of rage at the perceived sinfulness of Western culture, and speaks of the “millions and millions of people” that share his beliefs.
In the ambition pilot, story Parvez is struck dumb and makes no further attempt to understand these beliefs, or even to discuss or debate them. His reaction is, instead, to consider evicting his son from the family home, and tips writing five, ultimately his inability to pilot, understand leads him to resort to paintball narrative essay, violence. Although not directly representative of the behaviour of pilot essay, Western governments towards Muslim fundamentalists and extremists, the printable for students, twentieth century is full of occasions of gross intolerance and a failure to enter into any sort of dialogue concerning the perceived injustices inflicted on ambition the Middle East by makes essay, European and American nations. Ambition Pilot Essay. Ali feels so strongly about these injustices that the entire concept of his British identity becomes abhorrent to him, and he rejects every single aspect of it. Although it would be a mistake to research papers heart disease, read this story as Kureishi’s comment on Western-Islam relations, the eerie similarities between Ali and the London bombers reveal that Ali’s situation is not a fictional one, and that there are indeed instances of similar home-grown radicalization. Islamic fanaticism, so often seen as ‘other’, was given a British passport in July 2005. Although not intended as such upon its publication almost fifteen years ago, Hanif Kureishi’s “My Son the Fanatic” can now be viewed as a remarkably prescient and indeed prophetic examination of home-grown radicalism and extremism. Kureishi’s is a story that deals with the pilot essay, incredibly complex notions of individual and homework five, national identity, ethnicity and ambition pilot, race, among many others, through the relationship between a father and his son.
1. Hanif Kureishi, “My Son the Fanatic” in Joseph Black (ed), The Broadview Anthology of British Literature Volume 6: The Twentieth Century and Beyond (Broadview Press: Orchard Park ), 2006. 2. Jarek Stelmaszuk, “Islamic Extremism and the Western World: The Growing Rift” in The Harper AnthologyXVIII (William Rainey Harper College: Palatine, Illinois), 2006.  Hanif Kureishi, “My Son the Fanatic” in Joseph Black (ed), The Broadview Anthology of British Literature Volume 6: The Twentieth Century and Beyond (Broadview Press: Orchard Park ), 2006, p.1017.  Jarek Stelmaszuk, “Islamic Extremism and the Western World: The Growing Rift” in The Harper AnthologyXVIII (William Rainey Harper College: Palatine, Illinois), 2006, p.113-118. yo kwl website cn u add a essay on the son’s veto by thomas hardy n compare it 2 my son the ap literature essays, fanatic on parent and child relationship….
Truly frightening reading.. Essay. But I feel very strongly that the ‘Ali’s” in this country who feel so anti-western should exercise their right to make their feelings known and LEAVE. JUST GO. Go back to homework tips writing paragraph, the place where you don’t have to socialise with women – THEIR HOME COUNTRY!! Easy! Why remain here when it is so offensive? The ‘Ali’s’ in England offend ME – as do the women who walk around in ambition Burkas (and they frighten my children). Get with the programme – when in Rome you do what the printable for students, Romans do – and you don’t walk around the ambition pilot essay, streets dressed like something out of paintball, a Star Wars movie with only your eyes showing.. Ambition Essay. WE DON’T DRESS LIKE THAT IN ENGLAND (NEVER HAVE) SO FIT IN OR GO BACK TO A COUNTRY YOU CAN RESPECT AND FEEL HAPPY IN.
YOURS. Look, it’s a difficult situation, obviously. Printable. But a lot of the reason people move to Western societies is ambition pilot because of the greater freedoms that they allow, but many disagree with quite a few of those freedoms. I don’t think it’s unreasonable to see Western society as an incredibly sexualised one, and one where you can buy violence in supermarkets. It’s not enough to say “this is how we roll, deal with it”. Research. You have to be able to, at the very least, acknowledge their concerns. I think a lot of the hatred that exists between “The West” and “The Muslim World” lies in people failing to ambition pilot, see the other’s perspective.
And saying that women who wear the burqa look like Star Wars characters probably doesn’t help much, either. Thanks for reading. Yes you’re right, in England you can buy violence in supermarkets. If they would go back to their homecountry they may have the violence right on the street. What i’m trying to on coronary heart, say is that whatever immigrants complain about in Britain, they are still in a better situation than in ambition essay their homecountry. So of course they stay here in Britain. But if immigrants don’t have the intention to at least accept the fact that things go different here, they have to research papers on coronary heart disease, leave!
I’m sorry that’s just fair. Immigration is ambition essay always an ap literature essays act with two parties: Immigrants and pilot essay, citizens from the research papers on coronary, hostcountry and both have to work on the integration and the acceptance of the others. I am a muslim and I was born in Britain. So were my parents. So if you’re telling me to go back to essay, my own country THIS IS MY COUNTRY! you need to learn what a multicultural society is and then you need to teach this to your kids. waht about balaclavas and when people dress up for halloween. i’m sure you msut have done this before. For many years people ahve been dressing according to their cultures and this will continue and racist people like you need to accept that. i m agree with ur perspective. Actually i was confused to find the conclusion of this short story.now i m able to define it.so i m thankful to research proposals, u.
good site and pilot essay, interting essay – i think both parvez and on coronary heart disease, ali – from my perpsective – seem to pilot, have lost them selves in paintball narrative essay search of a ‘home’. im currently working on a paper, and as a muslim, who has been born and bred in bitain i will be looking at hanif kureishi’s the black alnum, my son the fanatic, aswell as focusing on satanic verses and the muslim response to the novel- but was wondering whether u knew of any other books that explored similiar ideas? about conflicting issues between islam and the ‘west’ – or which touch upon ideas of so called ‘radial’ islam. Hi there Hediel, the best one I can think of is a book called ‘The Reluctant Fundamentalist’ by Moisin Hamid. It’s an American book, but deals with exactly the same questions of assimilation etc that Rushdie, Kureishi et al do so well. Good luck for your paper, and feel free to contact me if you have any questions. Pilot Essay. Although I’m only papers on coronary disease, a uni student too, so I’m not sure how helpful I can be. lol i’ve actually got that on my shelf and essay, thought i would look at papers on coronary disease, that too, but cheers dude – if anything i’ll share my work in progress with u, as any insight / perspective is a good thing. It’s a Clash of Civilizations. At least to ambition pilot, some extend as Huntington predicted it, just far more complex.
Well i don’t think its a coincidence that the first immigrant who posts here makes spelling mistakes. You need to on coronary, learn the language before you can accomplish anything in a different country than your own! I have to admit though that Ali in the story speaks English fluently but apparently he got stuck to some radical errh.. “wrong adjusted people” Let he who is without sin, Michael. Ambition Pilot. Your comment isn’t likely to feature in educational pamphlets concerning grammar or punctuation anytime soon. Ok this was stupid, i admit.
It was just the first thought that came to my mind when i was reading his comment. I’m sorry. He’s not the research papers on coronary heart disease, kind of person i should worry about pilot essay, not getting integrated. Well, I truely share the word with you! If someone has no intention to integrate in a society like the British one, then this person should really consider the fact to probably choose another path, like for example staying in his home-country.
Personally I think when an immigant arrives in a new country to start a new life, his attitude towards this new country automatically has to become respectful and. I mean, why the hell would they otherwise come to Britain? To spread their bad beliefs for that country although they?re living in it ? This integration and research on coronary heart, probably assimilation wouldn?t make much sense then. However, everyone has his own opinion on this! I think you have to respect the right of ambition essay, people to criticise their country, whether they were born there or emigrated later in life. Homework Tips Essay Writing Five Paragraph. If one of the hallmarks of our democratic society is the responsibility of every citizen to expect better of their elected representatives, and indeed work towards the pilot essay, improvement of the nation as a whole, then I don’t think it is homework tips fair to attack recent migrants for pilot, doing exactly that. Especially if it concerns the way that people of their particular religion/skin colour are treated. First at all I have to say I really enjoyed your essay. Paragraph. Good work =) I think one problem about pilot, this immigration subject is that in your everyday life only the bad examples are the ones you notice. There are a lot of people with migration background that integrate in a “healthy” way.
They know good English (what for essay writing, me is the pilot, first step towards integration and the possibility of communication), are educated but stick to their culture and religion without rejecting our Western attitude. What I can’t understand and not really accept are people like Kureishi’s “Ali” or these who live in Britain for decades barely talking any English, defeating everything that’s “Western”. Well, it’s a difficult topic but I’m sure it will keep bothering us for some time. I find that you are trying quite hard to see the whole conflict from Ali’s – or in essays for students general – the pilot essay, immigrant’s point of view. Don’t you think that both parties should compromise and try to understand each other? You are critisizing Parvez’ behaviour and his alleged lack of papers on coronary, understanding (“In the ambition pilot, story Parvez is struck dumb and makes no further attempt to understand these beliefs, or even to discuss or debate them.”) but don’t seem to question Ali’s position. But anyway, lately I’ve encountered a lot of natives that are much more (too?) understanding and/or lenient concerning immigrants than immigrants themselves. Which is something that I – as a foreigner myself – find partly funny and partly worrying, as one should be really careful with the Ali’s of the world, not only tips essay writing, with the Parevezes or intolerant natives. Well i don’t think its a coincidence that the essay, first immigrant who posts here makes spelling mistakes. Poem Essays. You need to learn the language before you can accomplish anything in a different country than your own! firstly i am not an ambition immigrant -nor is this country ‘a different country’ than my own. secondly, while i admit my spelling is in need ofmuch improvement – i make no apologies for making mistakes.
well i read all comments here and ap literature poem, i must clear the writer’s point of view.You people are taking the ambition, story being BRITAIN defending your own country.I think if this story was written by any PHILIP or HEMINGWAY,the comments would be very different.When you discuss literature,you ought not to be subjective ordering the immigrant people get out from heart disease, our country if you donot like it.Hanif’s aim was not to pointout the vices of western civilization instead he showed the importance of roots of an immigrant man,clash of civilization and most of ambition, all generation gap.He didnot make fun of christianity but showed the mental approch of some specific muslims who misiterprete ISLAM,therefore defame it. well i read all comments here and i must clear the ap literature, writer’s point of view.You people are taking the story being BRITAIN defending your own country.I think if this story was written by any PHILIP or HEMINGWAY,the comments would be very different.When you discuss literature,you ought not to be subjective ordering the essay, immigrant people get out from research papers on coronary heart disease, our country if you donot like it.Hanif’s aim was not to pointout the pilot essay, vices of homework essay writing paragraph, western civilization instead he showed the importance of roots of an immigrant man,clash of civilization and most of all generation gap.He didnot make fun of essay, christianity but showed the mental approach of some specific muslims who misinterpret ISLAM,therefore defame it. I am a 14 year old muslim and was born in Britain, so was my mother. I wear the hijab (scarf) but not the what makes us moral, niqab (veil). I find it quite offensive that some of ambition essay, you completely disregard muslims as humans. I know that none of you actually said this but you were implying it. I do not wish to cause an argument but if you have any queries about Islam, i will do my best to answer them.
Am i not right in saying that Britain is printable essays for students a free country? We are allowed to ambition pilot, dress how we wish. Homework Tips Essay Writing Five. The islamic dress code is actually modest. Many muslims choose to wear it for themselves and not because they are forced to. When are people going to ambition essay, stop stereotyping muslims?
Not all muslims are bad. Infact, the majority are lovely people who want a good life free from hatred. Printable Essays For Students. Please, do not always believe the media. So, some people were caught with drugs or bombs. This does not mean that all muslims are druggies or terrorists. There are some individuals who put Islam to shame but they are not following god’s command. Islam does not teach to kill, infact it teaches quite the opposite. Pilot Essay. Some people do not understand what these few words and terrible assumptions can do.
I cry sometimes wondering what this world has come to. please do not take offence to anything i have said or if i have in papers on coronary disease ay way hurt your feelings. your sister in ambition essay islam. x. But i don’ what are you saying that my sister. All man are come from God. Think about the nature. They are all living in what makes us moral this world with freedom. Why man can not do that? My sister, i like your choice. why do you not like me? This is the problem, rest of the world hate Muslims. I think Mohammad divides the world in two parts.
sister, how can one not be offended by ambition pilot essay, you claiming that people disregard muslims as humans? that’s a radical thing to homework five paragraph, say and it reaffirms anyone who is prejudiced. the way i see it, ali has a strong identity issue and so might other islamists, maybe especially when they have grown up between two cultures. and instead of pilot, appreciating positive aspects from both sides they thoroughly turn against one of essay, them. although i am christian and a strong believer i can understand people’s need for ambition pilot essay, stricter rules to give them more orientation in life and to be able to homework tips essay five paragraph, tell right from wrong which i think the islam gives them. we need to see the positive sides in the foreign and find similarities rather than pointing to ambition pilot essay, the differences and accusing each other… I have read everybody’scomments, and I think that both Parvez and research papers disease, Ali a complex towards britian, are extremists. for many people asking ” why on essay earth do these immagrants come to Britian and then criticise our ways of life ?” the answer is very simple , post colonialism, check out England’s hisotry of colonial years , they were oustiders, what have they done to the homeland, changed it, and subjucated the native people, whether it be India, or any other country. the poem, reason pakistanianas and Indian went to England is a mixture of two things, they were needed when the industrial revolution was on ambition pilot and going cos they were cheap labour back then, and i don’t mean it as a racist comment, just a historical reference, and because they had grown to research on coronary disease, think of it as the mighty land, land of the oppourtinuities, these were the images they saw in their lands, Europeans went there and ambition pilot essay, lived a very posh life , they thought it could be their rite of homework tips essay five, passage, to become more acknowledged when they go back to their home land, that they could help out, be something better, learn from English people. Change is evident, both immagrants and native inhabitants of a country should adapt, find the pilot essay, common ground and what us moral essay, relate to each other, it shouldn’t matter if I do things differently, what’s important is pilot that we still treat each other as humane as possible. Poem. If your religion is different, this doesn’t mean you r a person less able or less worthy…or then what separates us from ambition pilot essay, Nazis, who just refused any race that was purely different, anything innovative, we become shut minded and the world ends in a clash… the idea of a pure race is utterly racist, same with a society which is monolithic, this is not how life had been since millions of years ,it was based on different civilizations interacting ! life must be difficult for different nationalities in the UK, as it is tips essay paragraph difficult for UKians when they go to a middle eastern country for instance.I think we should be more specific on whether we are talking about immigrants in general or muslim immigrants in particular! Thanks for reading, and though a lot of people wouldn’t agree to what I say, we r all entitled to speaking our minds out loud . sorry I mean that they are both fanatics, typing mistake !! Hi there! I’m at work browsing your blog from my new iphone!
Just wanted to say I love reading through your blog and look forward to pilot, all your posts! Carry on the superb work! Thanks for one’s marvelous posting! I seriously enjoyed reading it, you’re a great author. I will make certain to bookmark your blog and will eventually. come back later on. I want to encourage that you continue your great. posts, have a nice weekend!
yes, it's the writing paragraph, title of an album by The Jam. Probably quite a lot. It will almost certainly be hopelessly self-indulgent. And occasionally interesting. *yes, I know the last thing anyone wants is to hear Bob Geldof's opinion on anything. But he has a point here.
If you like what you hear, buy the album. Or see the show. If I put a link to your music up and you'd rather it wasn't, email me and ambition pilot, I'll take it down straight away.
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Radiohead, or the pilot Philosophy of Pop. Walter Benn Michaels. The Reality of Reality Television. The Reality of Reality Television. Publication date Fall 2005. There is a persistent dream that television will be more than it is: that it will not only sit in every home, but make a conduit for those homes to reach back to a shared fund of life. The utopia of television nearly came within reach in 1992, on the day cable providers announced that cable boxes would expand to 500 channels. Homework Tips Writing Paragraph! Back then, our utopian idea rested on assumptions both right and wrong.
We assumed network-sized broadcasters could never afford new programming for so many active channels. That was right. We also assumed TV subscribers wouldn#8217;t stand for ambition pilot essay 500 channels of research, identical fluff, network reruns, syndicated programs, second-run movies, infomercials, and home shopping. That was wrong. We were sure the abundance of channels would bring on stations of pure environmental happiness, carrying into our homes the comforts everyone craves: the 24-hour Puppy Channel, the Sky Channel, the Ocean Channel, the Baby Channel—showing nothing but frolicsome puppies, placid sky, tumultuous ocean, and big-headed babies. It never happened. And yet cable TV did indeed get cut up for small pleasures, in the advertisement of more utilitarian interests, on the Food Network, the InStyle Network, and Home and Garden Television (HGTV).(Natural beauty took hold on cable only in the pious slideshows of the Christian channels, where Yosemite is subtitled by 1st Corinthians.) The meaningful history of technology turns out to be a history of its fantasized uses as much as of the shapes it actually takes. Ambition! Our cable-box dreams finally rested on proposals, one beautiful notion: the participatory broadcasting of real life. Pilot! With such a ludicrous number of channels, companies would just have to give some of the dial over to tips essay five, the rest of us, the viewers—wouldn#8217;t they?
And we millions would flow into the vacuum of content. We#8217;d manifest our nature on channels 401 to 499 as surely as do puppies, ocean, and sky. Pilot! We#8217;d do it marrying, arguing, staring at the wall, dining, studying our feet, holding contests, singing, sneezing. Hundreds of thousands of us had cameras. Well, we#8217;d plug them in and leave the tape running for our real life. In this underlying dream, we were neither exactly wrong nor right. The promise of the ap literature 500 channels went to waste. The techno-utopians#8217; fantasies shifted to the internet. Nothing like the paradise we hoped for came to essay, fruition on TV, that#8217;s for sure. Instead we got reality TV.
The assessment of reality television depends first on your notion of television; second, on your idea of poem, political community. Here is a standard misconception: since the noblest forms of artistic endeavor are fictional and essay dramatic (the novel, film, painting, plays), it can be assumed that the major, proper products of television will be its dramatic entertainments, the sitcom and the hour-long drama. I think this is wrong, and very possibly wrong for a whole number of reasons. Drama has a different meaning in a commercial medium where #8220;programming#8221; came into paintball narrative, being as bacon to wrap the real morsels of steak, the 90-second advertisements. Pilot Essay! It means something different when it exists in a medium we switch on to see #8220;what#8217;s on TV#8221; rather than to find a given single work; when the proposals paper goal is more often to watch television than to watch a particular drama and then turn it off.
From its beginnings in the early 1950s, TV has been blamed for encouraging overindividualism, for hastening consumer suckerdom, for spurring passivity and couch-potatoness, and for making up the ambition essay sensational bread-and-circuses of mass-culture tyranny. That pretty much covers it. And yet when opponents tried to divide the narrative essay wretched things flickering inside the ambition idiot-box into categories, they made excuses for quite unnecessary forms that they felt they recognized (highbrow TV dramas) while deriding unique and homework tips five far more important items that didn#8217;t suit their vision of ambition, dramatic art (game shows, local news, now reality shows). The real principled problem ought to be with drama. The modern form of the longstanding Western philosophical argument against placing drama at the center of a republic was articulated twenty years beforethe American Revolution. Rousseau insisted in his Letter to M. D#8217;Alembert that a republic (in his case Geneva, circa 1758) was correct to keep a theater out of its public life. Tips Writing Five Paragraph! To Rousseau, a republic is a political community in ambition pilot essay, which each person is equal and sovereign—as it should be to us, today, living in the American republic. The citizen is not sovereign alone, but sovereign through his activity in a community of peers.
The drama, when it was given too much power, crowded out the true entertainments of any republican political community— entertainments whose delights must be rooted in that self-regard and free judgment in daily activity which strengthens the bonds of citizen to citizen. Tips Essay Five Paragraph! (Bear in mind that Rousseau, in pilot essay, ancien regime Paris, loved the theater: #8220;Racine charms me and I have never willingly missed a performance of Moliere.#8221; A corrupt order, of nobility and monarchy, could hardly be made worse by drama and might be made better. But the philosopher loved a republic more.) Rousseau expected that a republic#8217;s civic entertainments would be displays of what people already do. Singing, building, decorating, beauty, athletics, and makes dancing gave pleasure and ambition pilot #8220;entertainment#8221; because the participants not only accomplished the research on coronary acts but became spectacles to themselves—and to pilot essay, others, their equals and fellow-citizens, who had done just the paintball essay same activities. Republican entertainments might often take the form of the contest or the demonstration. But they might also be the pilot essay special celebration of ordinary living itself—the #8220;festival#8221;: Plant a stake crowned with flowers in the middle of a square; gather the homework five people together there, and you will have a festival. Do better yet; let the spectators become an ambition pilot essay, entertainment to themselves; let them become actors themselves; do it so each sees and loves himself in us moral, the others so that all will be better united. #8220;Let the spectators become an entertainment to themselves#8221;: a part of TV has always done this. It has meant, at pilot essay different times, local programming, Huntley and Brinkley, the national news at papers 6 and local news at 11, talk shows and talent shows, This is Your Life and the regional tours of Wheel of Fortune . Accept, though, that television#8217;s most important function might always have been to let citizens see each other and ambition be seen in their representatives—in our only truly national universal medium—and you#8217;re left to ask what will accomplish it best today.
Reality television may furnish its dark apotheosis—a form for an era in which local TV has been consolidated out of existence, regional differences are said to ap literature essays, be diminishing (or anyway are less frequently represented), and news, increasingly at the service of sales departments, has forfeited its authority to represent the polity. We need myths, not only of our ideal, and our average, but of our fallen extreme. Since the establishment of informed-consent rules in the 1970s, the golden age of social psychology is ambition essay gone. No more Stanley Milgram#8217;s proof that ordinary citizens will push the voltage to the red zone while the electrocuted actor screams—so long as a lab-coated tester is there to essays for students, give the orders. No more Philip Zimbardo#8217;s proof that fake guards will brutalize fake prisoners if you arbitrarily split Stanford students into two groups, lock them in a basement, and leave them to their own devices. No more Harold Garfinkel#8217;s demonstrations that testers can drive strangers berserk if they stare at ambition other riders on the elevator or if children refuse to recognize their parents. Today we are reliant on Elimidate , Punk#8217;d , and Survivor . Watching reality television is like walking one long hallway of an unscrupulous and ap literature poem essays peculiarly indefatigable psychology department. The first ideal-type of reality TV is the show of the pure event. Cops represents one end of its spectrum, the low-budget dating shows ( Blind Date , Elimidate , Fifth Wheel , Xtreme Dating ) the other.
You discern patterns in each—the effect on the watchful viewer is ambition pilot of a patterned repetition of wholly singular encounters. In the endless scenes of arrests, traffic stops, drive-by warnings (#8220;OK, you ain#8217;t going to what us moral essay, do it again#8221;), domestic disturbances, and pilot essay interviews with complainants (#8220;Calm down, ma#8217;am, just tell me what happened#8221;), it becomes clear that justice, at the level of the arrest, has less to do than you might have thought with the code of law. Paintball Essay! Between cop and civilian, everything is determined by ambition pilot, personality; each word is a step in for students, a negotiation; the ambition pilot essay tools each side possesses seem arbitrary and confused, in the wheedling or vagueness of the suspect, the mock-authoritativeness and lack of information of the cop. So you make notes to your criminal self: never voluntarily submit to a search. But it doesn#8217;t take long to realize that, in the situation, you wouldn#8217;t remember all you#8217;d learned watching Cops ; politeness and hustling would take over. In the immediate interaction between two people, each staring into the other#8217;s eyes and trying to research heart disease, persuade him toward escape or incrimination, drugged by fear when not hazy with narcotics, you see the essay hidden face-to-face interactions of your countrymen. And on narrative, Blind Date and ambition essay Xtreme Dating and Fifth Wheel , with wary daters eyeing each other over pasta dinners, leglessly drunk in a hundred indistinguishable neon dives and, afterwards, on the best dates, mumbling vulgar blandishments in hot tubs, you see that romance is not angelic recognition nor simple animal lust but a negotiation—the same as in paintball narrative essay, the Cops arrest. The blind date and ambition pilot the traffic stop become on late-night TV the research papers disease two paradigmatic experiences of American encounters between strangers. Homogenous America is instantly disproved by bizarre America. It is reassuring to watch this openness and fumbling.
Finally you see without intermediary dramatization the landscape of tanning salons and pilot essay restaurants and aikido studios in every corner of the country, the on coronary heart still-distinct accents but universalized, television-influenced behaviors, the dilemma of ambition essay, what to say and which personality to project, as if the social relation were being rebuilt, in a cutaway scale model of our society—a great televised Ark of a changing civilization—two by two. So even though evidently all women look for #8220;sense of humor#8221; and all men want someone #8220;I can have fun with,#8221; even though all good girls say they are #8220;wild#8221; and all good boys avow that they are #8220;players,#8221; this has only an equivocal effect on individuals#8217; relentlessly erroneous attempts to approximate trends and manners learned from TV, which seems to be what#8217;s really going on. Yoyoing modesty and immodesty (#8220;I#8217;m a bad girl. I mean, I#8217;m mostly bad in bed#8221;); frank talk about penis size and boob jobs but wildly variable estimates on the morality of kissing on a first date; shy clumsiness masked under pornographic aspirations (#8220;Have you ever had a threesome?#8221; #8220;No, that#8217;s more like, a goal of mine#8221;)— this , the ap literature cameras prove, is the current American performing-reality. Pilot! Everyone tries to narrative, play someone else on TV, but still feels so many tethering strings from the prosaic, deficient, and plain polite that conformity becomes chaotic and ambition pilot imitation idiosyncratic. #8220;Voyeurism#8221; was never the makes essay right word for what it means to pilot, watch these shows. You feel some identification with the participants, and homework paragraph even more sympathy with the situation. #8220;And if I were pulled over—and if I were set up on a blind date—how would I fare?#8221; But primarily, and this is the more important thing to say about essay, reality TV, there is always judgment . You can#8217;t know the deeds your countrymen will do until you see them; and for students once these deeds are seen, you won#8217;t fail to ambition, judge and poem retell them. Reality TV is related in this respect to ambition pilot essay, the demimonde of The People#8217;s Court , Divorce Court , Judge Hatchett ,and Judge Judy . Classy critics hate these shows too, or claim to. I think that#8217;s a mistake. The way in which all reality TV—and much of daytime TV—can be #8220;real#8221; across social classes is in its capacity for judgment. The #8220;friends#8221; on Friends were an ideological group, propagandists for a bland class of the rich in a sibling-incest sitcom.
The show didn#8217;t allow you to take their idiocy to task, nor ever to question the details of how they paid their rent or their hairdresser#8217;s bill, or how they acted on the #8220;outside.#8221; If only Judge Judy could sit in judgment of them, once! If only Cops would break down their door and research proposals throw them against the wall! Monica, you ignorant Skeletor, eat a sandwich! Ross, you vainglorious paleontologist, read a book! You mortuary creep ! Truly, the judge shows have a vengeful appeal: they gather every inept, chiseling, weaseling, self-focused sort of person you meet in your daily life and, counting on each one#8217;s stupidity and vanity to get him up into the dock, they yell at him. This is one way to come to terms with your fellow citizens. Essay! Much reality TV, by contrast, communicates a relative openness of judgment, though judgment is its one constant—and does so also by its wider identity of situation between the viewer and those before the cameras. (Nearly everybody has dated, and, from rich to poor, nearly everybody fears the police when driving and will call on them when threatened.) Reality TV#8217;s judgment falls on #8220;another oneself,#8221; however much one retains the right to disown and ridicule this nitwitted fellow-citizen. Paintball Essay! Nowadays, at pilot essay every level of our society, there is a hunger for judgment. Often this becomes summary judgment—not so much the wish to know the truth, but the brutal decisionism that would rather be wrong than stay in suspension.
This is the will not to papers on coronary heart, deliberate but to sentence. In the political realm, it has influenced the shape of the current disaster. Its soft manifestations own the therapeutic talk shows, in the sniffling and nose wiping of a Dr. Phil , where the ambition pilot expert is never at a loss. Proposals! He will not say: #8220;No, your situation is too messed up for me to advise you; I have a similar problem; think for ambition yourself.#8221; Whereas the cheapest and rawest reality TV offers you a chance to judge people like you, people who do lots of the same things you do.
It is cheap, it is amoral, it has no veneer of what makes us moral, virtue, it is essay widely censured and poem essays a guilty pleasure, and it can be more educational and truthful and ambition pilot American than most anything else, very suitable for our great republic. Essay! Until, that is, one began to see what the capital-rich networks would make of it. For they got into the act, like dinosaurs in an inland sea, and they made the waters heave. Ambition Essay! They developed the grandiose second ideal-type of paper, filmed reality, courtesy of bigger budgets and serial episodes: the show of the pilot group microcosm. The microcosms were large-scale endeavors, financed by essay, FOX, MTV, NBC, ABC, CBS, and the WB. (The other shows had been cheaply made and served up to UHF and low-budget cable stations by syndication, or, like Cops , run in the early barebones years of ambition essay, FOX and retained.) MTV#8217;s The Real World , which put teens in a group house with cameras, was the tips earliest and most incomplete example. The pun in essay, its #8220;real world#8221; title meant both that you would see how non-actors interacted (initially fascinating) and that this was, for many of the children on the show, their first foray away from home (pretty boring, after the umpteenth homesick phone call). MTV#8217;s goal was to make up a #8220;generation,#8221; not a society, as MTV is the most aggressive promoter of one version of youth as a wholesale replacement of what, adult life. Pilot! Subsequently the printable essays for students broadcast networks converted the dating #8220;event#8221; show into sagas of thirty suitors, peeling them away one by one until only the chosen bride or groom remained. Big Brother turned the house show, too, into a competition. An even more triumphant microcosm was Survivor —followed, in time, by The Amazing Race . The newer shows that defined the microcosmic reality and blended it with competition adopted the essay same basic forms of social discovery that had animated the birth of the English novel: the research on coronary desert-island Robinsonade of Survivor , the at-the-ends-of-the-earth-bedragons imperialist travelogue and pilot quest romance of The Amazing Race , even, perhaps, the sentimental seductions of The Bachelor , where so many willing Clarissas rode in limousines squealing to what us moral, a manor house to hand their hearts to Lovelace.
Yet Survivor never took up the society-from-nothing isolation of the ambition pilot essay desert island, which had motivated the original Robinson Crusoe . On Coronary! The Amazing Race didn#8217;t care about the Englishman-in-Lilliput foreignness of ambition essay, Swift or the paintball essay chance meetings of picaresque or even the pilot travelers#8217; tall tales in Hakluyt. The shows had no interest in starting civilization from scratch. Nor for proposals that matter were they much interested in ambition pilot, travel—on The Amazing Race , you glimpse the blurred locals out the windows of speeding cars. These shows were about the us moral spectacularization of a microcosmic America—about the reduction of society to a cross-section of our countrymen—still so very American, never #8220;going native.#8221; The shows put together sociable Americans, so they would have nothing left but their group interactions, their social negotiations, to ambition essay, keep them going. Nobody let them starve, nothing endangered them. Nominally structured as a contest of skill, skill mattered little and #8220;alliances#8221; much on Survivor . The sniping and soothing in couples and trios—forming and reforming, betraying and homework five sticking together—were the main things of interest on that show and on The Amazing Race , where it was hard to essay, tell if we were supposed to care, really, that one pair ran faster than another. How do Americans talk and how do they arrange things, in research disease, a completely minimal setting, a little like the office and a little like the pilot home but not totally unlike a sequestered jury? So many of the contestants brought the workplace with them, and they were meant to, since they were identified at every subtitle of their names with their stateside jobs: Actor/Model, Computer Programmer, Fireman. This was our festival. Research Proposals! Let#8217;s see if the alliance can hold between the pilot essay Stock Trader, the printable Carpenter, and the Actress. Who will emerge as the ambition essay #8220;Survivor#8221;?
Let#8217;s race the Midget and essay her Cousin, so lovable, against the Bad Couple Who Should Not Marry. Let#8217;s see who our true representatives are. The structure of each of the shows that #8220;voted people off the island,#8221; requiring the pilot essay microcosm to draw itself down each week, echoed, with static, the old idea of a republic of political equals, who despite unequal skills and endowments one by one would recuse themselves from homework five paragraph activity to leave a single best representative behind to speak in public for ambition pilot essay their interests. If we truly all are equals in America, this would be a picture, in ideal form, of how we choose aldermen and selectmen and Congressmen—using our sovereignty to withdraw our sovereignty, that is to say, to focus it in the hands, for what makes two or four years, of individuals who act for us. By this means the microcosm programs resembled political allegories. And yet many of the pilot reality shows of the microcosmic community were quite deliberately, self-consciously implanted, sometimes by narrative essay, the rules, sometimes by pilot, the informal instructions given to players, with an original sin. That sin was the will to power by trickery, the will to deception, which puts the power-mad ahead of the natural leader. And the essays for students players did not rebel—they accepted this, knowing it too well from ambition pilot essay home, from what they would call their #8220;real life.#8221; #8220;That#8217;s how you play the game,#8221; each aspiring survivor explained, with the resignation of a trapped bear chewing off its leg, #8220;you have to fool people, you can only be loyal to yourself.#8221; They had the republican ideal in their hands, and didn#8217;t use it. It got confused with the economic or Darwinian model of competition, in which anti-representative stratagems are justified because one wins in the defeat and eradication of all others to gain a single jackpot. For Students! This, too, was an aspect of the realness of #8220;reality#8221; for Americans: we knew we were witnessing republics of voting or shared excellence competing, or perhaps blending, with another force in our lives.
As deception and power-hunger are the sins built into the microcosm, so the ambition fixed norm is the flaw introduced into shows of pure judgment. It produces the third ideal type of narrative essay, reality TV: the pilot essay show of the industry standard. It was latent in the grand-scale dating shows, these contests that brought in the single judge and for students red roses and arbitrary rules and an image of romantic love from somewhere in the minds of Hallmark: but who knows, maybe this was close enough to the values of pilot essay, dreamy romance to form some people#8217;s preexisting reality. In American Idol , though, you see the strong beginning of the ap literature poem reality show of the third type. American Idol was the ambition essay best, and essays the most insinuating, of the industry shows because it took one of the basic categories of pilot essay, common endeavor, that Rousseau loved well—a singing contest, the commonplace sibling of a beauty or dancing or athletic contest. Everyone sings, if only in the shower—and the footage of the worst contestants made clear that the paintball essay contest did include all of us, that the equivalent of singing in the shower was being considered, too, on the way to the final idol. The show had #8220;America#8221; judge, by ambition pilot, casting the final votes, en masse . Yet it used professional judges in the meantime, a panel of poem essays, allegorical experts, Simon Cowell (rhymes with #8220;scowl#8221;; the Stern Judge; George III), Paula Abdul (the Universal Sexy Mommy; Betsy Ross), and ambition pilot essay Randy Jackson (the Spirit of Diversity).
Allegorically, America would free itself from the tyranny of the English King, having learned his wisdom, pay due homage to its own diversity, and enjoy the independence to make its own choice—which the hands-tied Englishman#8217;s production company would have to live with, and distribute to record stores. Poor George III! What one really learned was that, unlike a singing contest in the high school gym, the concern of the ap literature poem recording industry was not just, or no longer, whether someone could sing. It was whether a contestant was fitted to the industry, malleable enough to ambition, meet the norms of music marketing. The curtain was pulled away from the Great Oz, and the public invited to examine his cockpit and vote which lever or switch to pull next. As it turns out, it is really no less pleasant to choose a winner to homework tips essay writing, suit the norms of essay, music marketing, than to choose on what, individual talent. One was still choosing, and the idol would still be ours. An idol of the marketplace, to be sure, but still our representative American idol. Ambition! The major new successes of the past few years have taught (or pretended to teach) the norms of other industries. The Apprentice , a show in research disease, which one tries to learn skill in ambition pilot essay, business, teaches the arbitrariness of contemporary success in relation to skill.
The winners are conditioned to meet a certain kind of norm, not really familiar from anywhere else in life, which corresponds to #8220;the values of business#8221; as interpreted by papers on coronary, Trump. America#8217;s Next Top Model shows how a beauty contest ceases to ambition pilot, be about research, beauty. The real fascination of the show is pilot essay learning, first, how the norms of the fashion industry don#8217;t correspond to ordinary ideas of beauty (you knew it abstractly, here#8217;s proof!), but to requirements of the display of clothes and shilling for cosmetics; second, how the show will, in the name of these norms, seek something quite different in essay, its contestants—a psychological adhesiveness, a willingness to be remade and obey. The Starlet suggests the distance between the norms of TV acting and the craft of pilot essay, acting—and yet again, in the name of #8220;how it#8217;s done in printable, the industry,#8221; which provides one kind of interest, the contestants are recast psychologically, which provides the other. And on it goes, with #8220;how to ambition pilot essay, become a chef#8221; ( Hell#8217;s Kitchen ) and #8220;how to be a clothing designer#8217;s minion#8221; ( The Cut ), et cetera. 1. All this is interesting and essay paragraph revealing in its way. But the final stage is all too familiar: that is, the flow back of norms justified by industry into norms for inner spaces—first the mind, which accepts insane instructions and modifications, then the spaces that have nothing to do with either public life or work, and should offer safety from their demands. I am thinking of the ambition home and research disease the integral body, underneath the skin. For a final, baroque range of reality shows has emerged in the last two years: The Swan , Extreme Makeover , and, when these turned out to be slightly more than viewers could bear, Extreme Makeover: Home Edition and ambition pilot its copycat shows. The Swan and Extreme Makeover also drew on the most basic of all spectacles-of-excellence, the beauty contest or #8220;pageant#8221;—which once formed a way of seeing or understanding the country, as in the Miss America contests (when you would root for your state while admiring the flowers of the other forty-nine).
And the new shows advanced a new kind of norm by recreating it surgically, by essays, literally rebuilding people#8217;s faces and bodies to suit, not beauty, but a kind of televisual glamour. Ambition Pilot Essay! Ordinary unattractive people, given nose jobs, boob jobs, liposuction, lip collagen, tummy tucks, and chin pulls—plus fifty minutes of therapy—looked like wax mannequins when, alone and imprisoned in a Gothic mansion, the naturally lovely host pulled the velvet drapes back from the mirror, and the rebuilt women, inevitably, began to weep, shocked. Then the host spoke: #8220;You#8217;re crying because you#8217;ve never seen yourself so beautiful. You#8217;re crying because you#8217;ve been transformed,#8221; intoning these words until the weeping speechless victim nodded. If this looked like brainwashing, you hardly knew the horror of it until the camera cut to a boardroom of the delighted surgical experts who had done the work—each one of them equally off-kilter and monstrous because of surgical modifications made to his own face or teeth or eyes or hair. (Flashback to one of the homework five famous Rod Serling-written Twilight Zone episodes, this one from 1960: an ordinary woman is called #8220;ugly#8221; and pressured into damaging facial surgery that we can#8217;t understand—until the camera pulls back to show us that everyone in ambition pilot essay, her world is hideously disfigured!
Yee-ikes!) The point of these shows was not just how people would be altered, but that they could be altered. As the Six Million Dollar Man introduction used to say, #8220;We have the technology . . .#8221; but what was needed was the rationale. When this transdermal insertion of the norm into average people came to ap literature essays, seem suspect, the networks increasingly devoted episodes to already hideously ugly and disfigured people, so that the norm could be disguised as charity or medical necessity. But the greater success proved to be the subtle turn, with charitable aspect intact, to pilot, demolishing and rebuilding people#8217;s homes rather than their faces, in research, the adjunct called Extreme Makeover: Home Edition , which supersized existing home-decorating reality shows like Trading Spaces (on which two neighbors agree to redecorate one room in each other#8217;s home).
Extreme Makeover would get at privacy in pilot essay, one way or another; if not through the body then through the private space that shelters it. A team of experts came in to wreck your shabby domicile and rebuild it. The dwellings that resulted were no longer homes, but theme houses; instead of luxuries, the tips five paragraph designers filled rooms with stage sets keyed to their ten-minute assessments of the residents#8217; personalities: #8220;Little Timmy wants to be a fireman, so we made his room look like it#8217;s on fire!#8221; As long as the homeowners were poor or handicapped enough, anything was a step up. The show has been an ambition, enormous hit. Whatever can be done in the name of charity or medicine or health will allow the reinsertion of the norm into further spheres of papers heart disease, privacy.
Fox is said to be planning Who Wants to Live Forever? , a #8220;program that predicts when participants will die and then helps them extend their lifespan through dieting, exercise, [and] breaking bad habits.#8221; The circle is closed, and #8220;reality#8221; here no longer lets us observe our real life, but its modifications in the name of a statistical life to ambition, come. The private matters we can#8217;t, or shouldn#8217;t, see flow in to replace our public witnessing of writing five paragraph, each other. And the festival is ambition pilot no longer of ourselves, but of phantasms projected by poem, industries of health, beauty, home, all industries requiring our obedience; worse than the monsters of ambition pilot, drama, because they don#8217;t admit their degree of fiction. Homework Tips Writing Paragraph! The reality of reality television is that it is the one place that, first, shows our fellow citizens to us and, then, shows that they have been changed by television . Pilot! This reality is the unacknowledged truth that drama cannot, and will not, show you. A problem of dramatic television, separate from what the corrupt characters say and do, is that it shows people who live as if they were not being shaped by television. On this point it profoundly fails to capture our reality. Research! (The novel, in contrast, was always obsessed with the way consciousness was shaped and ruined by reading novels.) And this is consistent with the way in which television, more than other media, has a willingness to do the work of shaping life, and subservience to ambition pilot, advertising and industry, even when its creators do not understand what they#8217;re up to.
Drama says: this is harmless, fictional. In fact it pushes certain ways of life. But wherever industrial norms repenetrate the televised rendition of reality, they can directly push certain ways of life, no longer even needing to homework tips five paragraph, use the mediation of #8220;harmless#8221; fiction and drama. One can sometimes fight corruption with corruption: Blind Date to ambition essay, counter Friends . So what in our television experience, against Extreme Makeover , will show the ways in which homes and faces cannot be remade? Who will make the reality to poem essays, counter #8220;reality#8221;? The popular but anomalous show Fear Factor has a different relation to the norm. Fear Factor adds an outside rule to sport. All the sports we watch on TV (football, baseball, golf, tennis) were invented and enjoyed by participants before being transposed to the small screen for the benefit of spectators. Fear Factor seems in pilot, contrast to be a show of “sports” devised on behalf of printable essays for students, spectators rather than participants.
Its goal is the pleasure of the ambition viewer. And its standard turns out to be a kind of norm no one would dare articulate or declare respectable—that television, playing the role here of the industry, makes spectators long to see the human body in postures and activities it would pain individuals to see in person. How could we have known that it’s pleasurable to ap literature poem, watch chiseled hardbodies and women in ambition pilot essay, bikinis be forced to eat cow spleen or writhe in boxes of papers on coronary disease, slugs, and that these delights of sexual sadism could go along with the wash-you-clean thrills of spinning platforms, ladders hanging from helicopters, and speedboat draggings, which end with the ambition essay contestants’ bodies hurled into rivers or lakes? #8617; Salman the Clown. Not utopia, but it was nice. With how many people did people used to sleep? It’s hard to tell. Language changes, and there’s the problem of bragging.
Poor R. The double-bind he’s in essays for students, has made him lose his mind. Or maybe it’s the Pinor Noir? Dear Oprah, None of us can prove our books are of genuine worth yet. Instead, we#8217;re impatient. Do not think that we were being horrible, indifferent parents. Today the concept of global peak oil is widely accepted in the energy field. People read less, but ideas once derived from books, and ambition pilot now turned into circulating rumors, are all they have. Issue 3 Radiohead, or the Philosophy of Pop Mark Greif. Issue 3 A Violent Season Emily Votruba.
Issue 3 First Love Pankaj Mishra. Issue 3 The Neoliberal Imagination Walter Benn Michaels. When you wear the Fordson tractor belt buckle my father gave me, you’re a hipster. When I wear it, I’m a redneck. Issue 3 Two Fairy Tales Lyudmila Petrushevskaya. Issue 3 What Independent Film? Andrew Bujalski. Issue 3 Or Things I Did Not Do or Say Benjamin Kunkel.
And yes, one knows what it is like to receive a harsh review; and yes, one is aware of the tips essay writing five basic inhumanity of the critic’s task. A specter is haunting the academy—the specter of close reading. Levitt, then, far from being a rogue, is really Becker’s dutiful heir. A Rushdie novel, like its author, is a public figure, its thingness easy to lose in the sound and pilot essay the fury. Research Proposals Paper! “Does he who fights douchebags become, inevitably, something of a douchebag?” The naked protests, which spread across the globe, were a reminder of what went unsaid. Issue 3 Radiohead, or the Philosophy of ambition, Pop Mark Greif.
Punk promised physical violence, a buzzing charge, like the wish that someone would hit you in research proposals, the face. Issue 1 Mogadishu, Baghdad, Troy; or, Heroes Without War Mark Greif. You reach points in life at which you can no longer live like other people, though you don’t want to die. n+1 is a print and digital magazine of literature, culture, and politics published three times a year. We also post new online-only work several times each week and publish books expanding on the interests of the ambition essay magazine.
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My Ambition To Become a Pilot Free …
Essay on ambition, “Child Sex Tourism in Developing Countries” While it might not seem that way in the United States, or in other developed nations, child prostitution is a significant issue around the world , and ap literature, it still manages to exist under the pilot essay, radar of what us moral essay public health authorities. Essay? Each year, as many as a million children are coerced into prostitution; the total number of children in prostitution at one time could be as high as 10 million. Because of the privation that these children face, there is not enough data about the health problems that these children face – but the maladies include forced pregnancy, substance abuse, violence, mental illness, and infectious diseases. Just like any other form of ap literature essays child abuse, child prostitution not only leads to death for far too many, but it also takes away their dignity and pilot essay, their basic rights. Ap Literature Poem Essays? The purpose of ambition pilot this research is to analyze existing literature on child prostitution, particularly with regard to health issues as well as best practices in the tourism industry, and emerge with recommendations to help promote sustainable tourism in developing nations without resorting to the use of child prostitutes. The need for finding a way to prevent child prostitution from happening should be a global priority. There are several empirical models that have already been identified for paintball tourism industries to follow in different nations, and this paper will call for the use of those models in pilot essay practice, as tourism companies and government agencies have the ability to institute these professional practices and public policies, as long as they can eliminate some of the barriers that may yet be in place. The primary frame for research this discussion is the context of maintaining social responsibility on the corporate level – while also maintaining sustainable tourism industries.
The UN Convention on ambition, the Rights of the Child defined a child as anyone who is not yet 18 years old; child prostitution consists of forcing a child to carry out sexual acts for financial or other forms of compensation, or even offering the use of a child for sexual services. Essay? It differs from other forms of child sexual abuse because of the commercial aspect; however, because children cannot legally consent (or intellectually consent) to those activities, it is also quite similar to other forms of abuse. Currently, both boys and girls (UNICEF 1997, 36) are prostituted at different places on the globe, starting as young as ten years old (ECPAT 2001). The majority of essay these children are prostituted by local pimps, but there are also foreign tourists and pedophiles who exploit them as well. Many of these children will service five to ten customers each day. The number of children is up for debate, particularly in developing nations, but research indicates that there could be as many as 10 million children trapped in prostitution worldwide (UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, 2000). It is difficult to get an accurate count, because the people controlling them keep them in ap literature hiding and move them frequently (United Nations, 1996). The fact that organized crime is essay often bankrolling this practice makes it even more difficult to homework tips essay find them. There are a number of social, economic and cultural factors that contribute to the growth of child prostitution. Poverty is the main factor, but gender discrimination and low levels of education also play a role (United Nations, 1996).
There are communities in the world that condone prostitution and do not enforce the laws proscribing child prostitution (if those laws exist). There are also communities in which the male clients do not think that children will pass on HIV or other STD’s as easily as adults will (United Nations, 1996). Ambition? Also, sex workers who have children end up seeing those children being prostituted as well (Deisher et al. Narrative? 1989, 1163). Likely targets for pimps include children who have been abandoned or who have run away from home. Girls are often lured or even kidnapped and then compelled to prostitute themselves. Pilot? International sex tourism has become a major cause for child prostitution in some countries (Focal Point against Sexual Exploitation of Children, 2001). As one might expect, different countries with child prostitution tend to have different causes for essay children ending up in that position.
In Nepal, for example, the cause is usually poverty (Poude 1994, 10); in ambition essay Nigeria, though, child prostitutes usually fled their homes because they were being abused there (Adedoyin and Adegoke 1995, 28). Thailand is one of the nations in which child prostitution is art of the sex tourism trade (Silbert and Pines 1981, 408). The common thread, though, is that child prostitution brings in paper money. Overall, the sex industry around the world brings in an estimated $20 billion – $5 billion alone coming from child prostitution (Lim 1998). Indeed, children in prostitution often have to send money home to support their families. Socioeconomic structures in countries where this is ambition taking place must take this issue into account, so that other children simply do not end up being shoved into sex labor. The vast majority of reports into child prostitution include acknowledgment of the health problems that can arise. However, because of the difficulty of even finding child prostitutes, there is little in the way of reliable data on mortality and us moral, morbidity.
Sometimes, the studies are done and then discarded; those studies that do make it to publication are not easy to pilot find, and often they focus on qualitative health data instead of narrative quantitative information. The funding for major quantitative studies is difficult to find; again, this is not a problem that is registering in a significant way on the world’s radar. However, there have been some significant quantitative studies that serve as a starting point for pilot essay this discussion. One example was the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) study of 176 children who were in papers heart prostitution in six countries. Essay? Rates of HIV infection varied from ap literature, 5 percent in essay Vietnam to research proposals paper 17 percent in Thailand (Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, 2000). However, a different report studying children who had been rescued from brothels throughout southeast Asia found that 50 to 90 percent were infected with HIV (WCACSEC, 1996). Obviously, there are a number of factors at work in these cases, including existing levels of HIV infection, as well as access to and use of condoms. There are some communities in ambition essay which the total population of sex workers has an HIV infection rate of as high as 86 percent – adult and children combined (UNAIDS, 2000). Every time an adolescent girl has unprotected sex with an infected partner, she has a 1 percent chance of getting HIV (Alan Guttmacher Institute 1999).
However, if those children already have an narrative STD that has created genital ulcers, that percentage jumps to 4 percent (WHO 2000). Pilot? With as many as ten clients a day, it will not take long for those long odds to become a reality. Once HIV infection sets in, the risk of contracting active tuberculosis also spikes (Willis and Levy, 2002, 1418). With regard to other STD’s, the numbers are even more grim. Within the ESCAP study, STD rates among prostituted children ranged from 36 percent in Cambodia to 78 percent in China (Economic and tips writing paragraph, Social Commission for Asia and ambition essay, the Pacific, 2000). If one compares this to the 5 percent incidence of STD’s in adolescents worldwide, these numbers are staggering. The numbers as far as pregnancy are also eye-opening. Any sexually active adolescent who does not utilize contraceptives has a 90 percent chance of pregnancy within a year. Many of the girls forced into prostitution do not have contraceptives, and printable essays for students, so they are almost guaranteed to become pregnancy.
Because of substandard medical care, these girls also fall into the risk of complications in pilot pregnancy – including mortality. According to the ESCAP study, 66 percent of the girls who became pregnant while prostituted sought abortions (Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, 2000). On a worldwide level, between 1 and 4.4 million abortions are performed on adolescents each year – many of them using unsafe practices. For child prostitutes, these procedures bring a significant risk of essays for students injury and death. Nearly 13 percent of all the maternal deaths worldwide each year are a result of unsafe abortions (Willis and Levy, 2002, 1419). Of course, there are many other harmful outcomes for child prostitutes. A study of 475 sex workers in five countries found that two-thirds of them fit the criteria for a diagnosis of PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder) (Farley et al. 1998, 407). This is the pilot essay, same malady that makes it so difficult for soldiers returning home from war to narrative essay reintegrate themselves into society. Ambition? Substance abuse takes place at almost a 100 percent rate in many communities among all sex workers, not just children (Carr et al.
1996, 491). This leads to a risk not only of overdose but infection with any number of bloodborne pathogens, not to mention permanent organ damage and cancer. Many child prostitutes suffer violence at the hands of clients, pimps, police – and even those with whom they have intimate relationships. That study with 475 sex workers found that 73 percent had been physically assaulted while working on ap literature poem, the job, and pilot, 62 percent had been raped since becoming a prostitute (Farley et al. Essays For Students? 1998, 411). For children, these experiences can be deadly. In 1987, the Brundtland Commission presented the idea of sustainable development as “meeting the ambition pilot, needs of the present without compromising the ability of printable essays future generations to pilot meet their own needs” (WCED, 1987).
However, the notion of sustainable tourism did not appear for ten more years. In 1997, Agenda 21 for the Travel and Tourism Industry appeared, composed by the World Tourism Organization, the Earth Council, and the World Travel and Tourism Council. There were several reasons for printable the delay in developing these ideas specific to the tourism industry, such as the ambition pilot, wide variety of tourist activities around the world (WTO, 2001). The primary research into sustainable tourism has focused on the social, cultural, ecological and economic impacts of tourism (Cooper et al, 1998; Fennell, 1999; Mason, 2003; Ryan, 2003; Swarbrooke, 1999), until recently. The most current research now focuses on globalization and research proposals, tourism (Bianchi, 2007; Dodds and Joppe, 2005). Because of a wave of neo-liberal governments coming into power and driving economic philosophy, the questions of the responsibility for business to push sustainable development have come to the forefront, and so corporate social responsibility (CSR) and business ethics have also entered the realm of study (Tepelus 2008, 100). At its most basic, CSR has to do with businesses adopting and implementing standards that are conscious of the environment, ethical and socially responsible (Tepelus 2008, 100). The European Commission (2001) defined CSR as “a concept whereby companies integrate social and environmental concerns in their business operations and in their interaction with their stakeholders on a voluntary basis”(European Commission 2001, 8).
There were four relevant elements to this: covering social and environmental issues; integration with operational strategies; remaining a voluntary condition; and interacting with stakeholders inside and outside the company (Tepelus 2008, 100). Tourism has been one of the last industries to adopt CSR practices (World Bank and International Finance Corporation 2003). Even with the adoption of CSR practices, though, many industries (including tourism) have focused on matters of environmental remediation and stayed away from questions regarding labor and human rights (Epler-Wood and Leray, 2005). Fennell (2006) has argued that there is an “immense void in ethics” (xiii) that has kept tourism from following other industries into the areas covered by CSR, and ambition pilot essay, has also argued that ethics in tourism could well “emerge as the next main research platform”(358) in this particular field. While it would be nice to study ethics, of course, the free market is certainly not pushing for a moral overhaul of the tourism industry. Both the industry and the consumer are motivated by price: as Brackenbury (2003) noted, “price competition and its consequences of productivity improvement, and not product innovation, has occupied the minds of research proposals paper senior managers in this sector over the past ten years” (8). In other words, when there is a financial return on investment, the tourism industry will get involved; when it is not, there will not be innovation (Weiermair 2005). And so the likelihood of an industry-spurred drive to eradicate sex tourism seems like a murky prospect at best, at least under the current paradigm. However, the lack of ethical concern in pilot the industry has made sex trafficking and child sex tourism a widespread practice (Payne and Dimanche, 1996).
After all, sex tourism came about as a legitimate sector of the ap literature essays, industry in the 1970’s (Tepelus 2008, 102). As a result, there have been some studies on child sex tourism – just as a part of industry research (O’Connell Davidson, 2004; Garrick, 2005; Cabezas, 2004) covering everything from similarities between child sex tourism and ambition essay, adult sex tourism, rationalizations that tourists give for engaging child prostitutes, and even classifying child sex tourists by research proposals paper citizenship. While there is child sex tourism going on pilot, all over the world, Asia is currently the essays for students, epicenter. Pilot Essay? The Philippines have a reported 60,000 child prostitutes; there are over 400,000 in India and over 800,000 in Thailand. The vast majority are girls who are younger than 16; however, in research paper Sri Lanka, most of the 20,000 child prostitutes are boys (Glover, 2006). However, as has been already noted, the pilot, tourists are not the only ones to blame, as there is research paper a specific set of essay cultural conditions that have to ap literature poem be in place for child prostitution to be condoned. In Thailand, for example, 3 out of 4 men are estimated to have had sex with a prostitute (Sachs, 1994).
Small wonder, then, that there should be such a vast supply of child prostitutes. The problem is global – and it is pilot essay deeply entrenched in certain corners of the planet. There are already innovations that have been suggested by public and private entities to find ways to eradicate the child sex tourism industry, while maintaining sustainable tourism even in countries that base a good deal of their tourism income on foreigners entering the country on a sexual vacation. My research objectives are as follows: Identify existing ideas for innovation that could lead to the reduction and removal of child sex tourism from common practice in printable for students developing nations Identify barriers to the implementation of ambition essay those innovation Compare and contrast the various ideas for innovation and appraise the ones that are most likely to be effective, based on the cultural contexts involved Develop a series of recommendations for public and research papers heart, private entities based on the research. My research will be primarily qualitative in nature. The quantitative documentation about the problems that lead to ambition essay child sex trafficking and tourism in what developing countries is fairly exhaustive, based on both private studies and ambition pilot essay, research carried out by governmental and intergovernmental agencies. Learning more about the specifics of sexually transmitted diseases and the average of child prostitutes will not contribute significantly to the existing body of knowledge on research papers on coronary, the topic; for essay this reason, my focus will be primarily on ways to implement and improve existing suggestions for innovation within the tourist industry and research paper, within public policy. The methods I will use will include researching and comparing the various suggested innovations with an ambition pilot essay eye toward matching them with culturally amenable contexts.
There are some alternative methodologies that could be used, and could also contribute to the body of knowledge on this subject. For example, these three methodologies would also be quite useful: Conducting a quantitative attitudinal study of adult males in the countries in which child sex tourism and child prostitution are the most widespread Performing a longitudinal study on the economic indicators of printable essays for students countries that depend heavily on child sex tourism for industry income Conducting a quantitative attitudinal study of sex tourists who visit one (or several) of the countries in which child sex tourism is most widespread. The benefit of the first alternative study would be helpful in identifying cultural attitudes in specific countries toward child prostitution. As one study mentioned in ambition essay the literature review found, Thai men are extremely unlikely to speak out against prostitution, as 3 out of every 4 Thai men were found to printable for students have had sex with a prostitute.
In a country like that, prostitution would bring little outrage, if any, among those in position to make changes in public policy. Child prostitution would be less likely to inspire a similar outrage in a country in which prostitution is so common, because sexual partners would be more likely to ambition essay be viewed as things to use or consume, rather than people. The second alternative study would be of interest based on the definition of sustainable development mentioned near the beginning of this paper – development that sustains a country today without sacrificing its ability to printable provide for itself in the future. Essay? The children who enter prostitution either end up dead or damaged dramatically in terms of research on coronary heart disease health, emotional stability, and mental status. The possibility that, once these children are no longer viable sex workers, they would then head into other sectors of the economy and become productive citizens is remote at best. This longitudinal study would analyze the effects of the loss of so much of the working-age population. The third alternative study would bring some intriguing results – provided that enough sex tourists could be found to answer, and provided that they gave accurate answers. After all, if someone is going to travel to pilot essay another country for a sexual vacation, it is likely that the topic is printable essays not one that he (or she) would be squeamish about discussing on an anonymous basis with a researcher. Finding out the motivations that lead one to travel abroad for sexual activity would be of some interest, but a greater area of contribution to this study would be to learn the pilot, attitudes of sex tourists (who are more likely to feel a sense of liberation than the general population in sexual matters) about child sex tourism. At what age should sex be legal? What should the consequences be for child prostitution – for the purveyors who provide children to clients?
Those answers would be of interest, more from a sociology perspective. A degree of outrage from those who use the sex tourism industry, though, might spur entities within the countries that depend so heavily on us moral essay, sex tourism to ambition pilot essay make changes. Obviously, in what makes us moral essay a highly qualitative study like the one I propose, there is little in the way of analysis – at least in the statistical kind. Instead, the discussion will focus on finding existing methods of innovation and pilot, identifying barriers – and recommending ways to overcome those barriers. While this might seem to be covering some existing ground instead of being innovative, it is clear that the barriers have not yet been overcome as a result of the tips five paragraph, research that is already out there. Because of the epidemic that child sex tourism continues to pilot essay comprise, it is necessary for research to proposals paper take place that will persuade those who are in positions of authority, both in the industry and within halls of government, to find a different way to bring in tourists and their cash. Researching Innovations to Eliminate Child Sex Tourism. As has already been mentioned in ambition pilot essay this study, there is not much existing knowledge about child sex tourism and trafficking, and there has been minimal research done on the connections between sustainability and printable essays for students, CSR and this touchy subject.
Because tourism changes quickly, and because sex crimes take on such a volatile hue, any research that has been done can become dated quickly. However, there have been some innovations taken on pilot essay, by public and private entities to prevent and even end sex tourism for children and trafficking. Some of these innovations have been steps taken to match laws – not just national law but also legislation that covers behaviors outside annexed territories. The first step seems to have been finding ways to homework essay paragraph build awareness within the tourism industry about the ways it could keep children from being sexually exploited; subsequent steps have been to give tourism businesses the wherewithal to exercise that ability, to find alternative socioeconomic opportunities for the children who are at most risk for coercion into prostitution, to build awareness among the public at large, and to generate incentives to turn in child sex tourists and ambition pilot, traffickers. Innovation Models from ap literature poem essays, Nongovernmental Organizations. ChildWise is an organization that is focuses on ambition, eradicating child sex tourism in international destinations where Australians travel. ChildWise is the Australian wing of ECPAT International, which is a consortium dedicated to the elimination of the paintball, commercial sexual exploitation of children.
Founded in Thailand in 1962, ECPAT now has offices in ambition essay 63 countries and was one of the initial groups that fought back against child prostitution in what makes us moral essay tourisn in Asia (ECPAT International, 2007). Ambition Essay? ChildWise began with the assumption that child sex tourism, at least involving Australians, is essays for students not part of the mainstream tourism industry (Hecht, 2001). As a result, simply changing codes of conduct for mainstream tourism providers would not have much of an effect on child sex tourists leaving Australia. The agency designed “ChildWise Tourism” in 1999, to serve as a training program through the entire ASEAN region. This program includes educational materials for ambition tourism students, teachers, and practitioners in research papers disease the industry. Essay? The focus of the training is to what makes essay help tourism professionals identify situations in which children might be in essay danger of makes essay sexual exploitation, and then turn them into the relevant authorities.
All seven of the ASEAN countries allow ChildWise to come in ambition pilot and hold training sessions in the community: Myanmar, Lao PDR, Vietnam, Cambodia, the Philippines, Indonesia and Thailand (ChildWise 2007). This way, there are people on makes essay, the ground in pilot the countries most affected by child sex tourism who now know what to look for. ChildWise also started “Travel With Care” in 2003, which conducts training seminars on the particulars of the Australia Child Sex Tourism law. World Vision started in 2004 and ap literature, is a Christian humanitarian agency that serves almost 100 countries. One of its areas of focus is the deterrence of essay foreign sex tourists and what us moral essay, the creation of awareness about legislative efforts against child sex tourism. The slogan “Abuse a child in this country, go to jail in essay yours” was used widely in Costa Rica, Brazil, Mexico, Thailand and Cambodia – and was primarily aimed at papers heart disease, American tourists. Essay? The agency also has developed a series of in-flight videos as well as street signs and billboards in countries where child sex tourism is rampant (World Vision, 2007). Papers On Coronary Heart Disease? The focus of ambition this group on Americans comes from the research that American citizens represent 1 of every 4 child sex tourists (Tepelus 2008, 105). The youth career initiative (YCI) is a subsidiary program of the International Business Leaders’ Foundation (IBLF), based in London.
The main purpose of this initiative is to boost the employability of young people in the hotel industry, and so to reduce the number of young people who are forced to poem turn to prostitution in order to survive. Such international hotels as Orient Express, Sol Melia, Starwood, and Sheraton have all agreed to provide on-site education for high school graduates who come from disadvantaged homes. After completing the course, the participants receive assistance in career placement. Since this program began in ambition essay 1995, more than 1,300 youth have completed the for students, program; now it runs in eight countries: Poland, Brazil, Thailand, the Philippines, Ethiopia, Australia, Indonesia and Romania (IBLF, 2007). The direct target of this program is not child sex tourism or trafficking, but the essay, fact that it targets at-risk youth by helping them find potential employment in the hotel industry does take potential prostitutes off the tips essay writing five, streets in countries where they could likely end up working for a pimp. Innovation Models from Government Organizations. One of the governments that took the lead in fighting child sex tourism has been that of Brazil. In 1997, the ambition, country started a “no child sex tourism” campaign, and its logo for the campaign fighting the exploitation of children was adopted by ap literature poem essays the UNWTO for the worldwide campaign (Tepelus 2008, 106).
In 2002, the government created the Ministry of ambition pilot essay Tourism, and printable essays, within the ambition, National Tourism Chamber, a “Sustainable Tourism and Childhood Thematic Chamber” was established. The main goals of this program were to start the public discussion on such issues as the research proposals, protection of pilot children in tourism and the best practices in the private sector of tourism, with an eye toward ultimately formulating public policy and legislation . Makes Us Moral? From 2004 through 2007, the Ministry of Tourism held a World Tourism Forum for Peace and Sustainable Development as part of its “Sustainable Tourism and Childhood” campaign. This led to the first declaration against ambition, child sex tourism on October 26, 2005, in Rio de Janeiro, and a combined South American campaign against child sex tourism, to begin 2007 in 12 countries. Proposals? Also, the Brazilian government reached out to such entities as Save the Children Sweden and World Childhood Foundation Brazil to research other ways to help bring child sex tourism to an end (Gorenstein 2007). Innovation Models from Intergovernmental Organizations. From the very earliest efforts to fight child sex tourism, the UNWTO (UN World Tourism Organization) has provided input to interested organizations, including the first two Congresses against ambition pilot, Commercial Exploitation of Children. Essays? In 1997, the UNWTO set up a Task Force to pilot Protect Children from Sexual Exploitation in Tourism, designed to find and eliminate child sex tourism (UNWTO 2007a).
This committee meets twice a year at the major international tourism expositions, and research, has developed the Global Code of ambition Ethics of Tourism. The part that is printable relevant to child sex tourism reads: The exploitation of human beings in any form, particularly sexual, especially when applied to. children, confl icts with the fundamental aims of tourism and pilot essay, is the negation of tourism; as such, in accordance with international law, it should be energetically combated with the cooperation of all the States concerned and penalized without concession by the national legislation of both the countries visited and the countries of the perpetrators of these acts, even when they are carried out abroad ( UNWTO, 2007b , Art. 2, point 3). In addition to the GCTE, though, the UNWTO has put together a set of guidelines that would inform the creation of narrative essay a voluntary mechanism for implementing changes in tourism policies on essay, the national level, and papers heart, has created a World Committee on Tourism Ethics (WCTE) to intervene whenever there might be a dispute. The UNWTO has also designed a set os sustainability indicators within the metrics that govern tourism, to ambition essay ensure that the child sex tourism trade is being monitored quantifiably (UNWTO, 2004). The Organization for Security and Cooperation in essays for students Europe (OCSE) comprises the largest security organization assigned to a region in the world. There are 56 participating countries, in North America, Central Asia and Europe, all coordinating efforts to provide warnings for conflicts and crises that might break out, and to pilot rehabilitate areas that have suffered from conflicts. In 2003, the OSCE Economic and Environmental Activities (OSCE-OCEEA) office was given the charge to find ways to bolster efforts in the private sector to fight human trafficking by building awareness of the problem and paintball narrative, distributing best practices, specifically including guidelines for designing policies, instituting self-regulation, and writing codes of conduct.
Because tourism and hospitality remain vital sources of pilot essay revenue for many countries around the world, the travelers themselves have a powerful weapon against ap literature poem, child sex tourism traffickers – by simply choosing where they will or will not go. However, the tourism providers themselves can work together to build an pilot essay environment that refuses to condone human trafficking – particularly the sexual exploitation of children. The OSCE promotes the building of a code of conduct to raise awareness and has suggested the extension of what that code to cover companies that do business in southeastern Europe, which is also an area that can be susceptible to human trafficking. The OSCE has gained industry and ambition essay, government commitments to fight child sex tourism and paintball narrative, human trafficking (Telepus 2008, 107). The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) is the agency within the United Nations that fights for children’s rights around the globe – which includes the responsibility for such issues as child sex tourism and child trafficking. When the tourism industry adopted a Code of Conduct in North American in ambition pilot essay 2004, UNICEF joined in support of the paintball narrative, code with ECPAT and UNWTO (UNICEF, 2004). Pilot Essay? This agency has enacted awareness campaigns about the issue of child sex tourism in such countries as Gambia, Kenya, Spain, Sri Lanka and the Dominican Republic, and has lobbied governments for essays laws against child sex tourism in countries throughout the Caribbean and Central America (Telepus 2008, 107).
Other intergovernmental agencies that have undertaken efforts to root out child sex tourism have included the International Labor Organization, the International Organization on Migration, and the UN Office of Drugs and Crimes. The ILO put together the International Program on the Elimination of Child Labor to fight child labor in countries that lack national legislation protecting their youngest, and all three organizations have enacted training programs designed to prevent and fight human trafficking. Ambition Essay? None of research papers on coronary disease these agencies have done work specific to tourism, but their efforts on the other end of the supply chain all affect the funneling of children to tourists. Perhaps the most important measure that has emerged from the fight against child sex tourism came from ambition pilot essay, industry itself: the Code of Conduct for the Protection of Children from Sexual Exploitation in homework tips writing five Travel and Tourism. This code was signed by tour operators, hotels, airlines, travel agents, and other related entities. All of the signatories committed to pilot essay six measures:
Developing company policies against child sex tourism Training staff on ways to us moral essay identify and prevent child sex tourism Informing travelers about child sex tourism in particular destinations Adding language to contract boilerplate with suppliers in which both parties repudiate the practice of child sex tourism Working with government and ambition, private entities in destinations to prevent child sex tourism Giving an annual report on the internal implementation of these commitments (Tepelus 2008, 106). This code came about in what 1998, through the efforts of ECPAT Sweden and the UNWTO, and it was finally launched in ambition pilot North America in 2004. Currently, more than 600 companies have signed it from printable essays, 23 countries in ambition pilot North America, Asia, Europe, and Central and makes essay, Latin America (Tepelus 2008, 106). The primary concerns include enforcement and monitoring – processes that vary widely among countries. Relying on self-regulation has proven to be an uneven method of accountability thus far. In The Scarlet Letter, the first observation that Nathaniel Hawthorne makes is that the ambition, first two things a new town needs are a cemetery and a prison, as the two certainties are death and wrongdoing. The personal tastes that lead tourists to go to other countries and ap literature, seek out sex with children are distasteful to the vast majority of people – which is why they are illegal just about ambition essay, everywhere in the world. However, there are people who are so dedicated to the fulfillment of their tastes that they will risk arrest and exposure and will spend thousands of dollars to be able to indulge them – which is why child sex tourism is alive and well.
Without demand, there would be no reason for anyone to provide supply. With that said, it is time for the international community to homework tips essay take broader action against those countries that harbor the child sex tourism trade. The creation of a code within the tourism industry and a set of best practices from international organizations is ambition essay certainly a start, and it would be impossible to research proposals argue that these steps have not made a difference. Armed with information and outrage, there are many organizations dedicated to rooting out this practice. However, the governments in many of these countries are corrupt, held hostage by the crime organizations who profit from sex tourism – including the juvenile variety.
As a result, the United Nations should consider economic sanctions against countries that promote and allow child sex tourism. Ambition Essay? The simple fact that…