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ap scoring essays Total Registration has compiled the historical report, following scores from thesis, Tweets that the College Board's head of AP, Trevor Packer, has been making during June. These are preliminary breakdowns that may change slightly as late exams are scored. Please Follow @totalreg as we Tweet every time this page is updated. Historical Fiction Book Report? Please let others know about these AP Exam Score Distributions Tweet. In 2017, more than 440,000 students registered themselves online for commonwealth over 860,000 AP Exams at 1030 schools using Total Registration's service. Request a no obligation estimate to see how cost effective this service is. Schools report saving over fiction book report 5th grade 100 hours by simplifying their registration using Total Registration. ATTENTION: The College Board is increasing the suggested AP Exam fee for thinking essay 1 the 2018 exams to $94.00/exam , a $1.00 increase from book report, last year. Schools will continue to pregnancy essay retain $9.00 of the fiction report, exam fee and will be billed $85.00/exam (for full priced exams). Many schools will charge more than $94.00 in order to cover additional administration costs. In order to access scores the how to do a legal research paper, first week in July, students will need to create a College Board Account.
Students can create accounts NOW at apstudent.collegeboard.org/apscores . This table is sortable by clicking on the header. AP Computer Science has expanded from 26,000 to fiction book 61,000 students since 2012, when the most frequent score was a 1. This year: it’s a 5. Als Reflective 1? The most difficult multiple-choice questions for AP Computer Science A students seemed to be the “object-oriented programming” ones. AP Computer Science A students dominated the historical fiction 5th grade, 2nd free-response question (class design); more than half the students earned 8-9 pts out of 9. On the other hand, 30% of AP Computer Science A students were stumped by Q3 (string processing), earning 0 pts: secure-media.collegeboard.org/ap/pdf/ap-comp… 105 students, out of 61,000 worldwide, earned all 80 points possible on teenage school essay this year’s AP Computer Science A Exam. 2 students, out of 509,000 worldwide, earned all 130/130 points possible on book this year’s AP US History exam. Multiple-choice performance was opposite of AP World History: APUSH students scored best on 20th century questions.
The WWII question scored highest of the short-answer questions, which makes much more sense given how straightforward it is. Short Answers: Q2 (WWII) earned highest scores, then Q4 (Vietnam); Q3 (Reconstruction) was lowest; 50% earned 0 on a good thesis it secure-media.collegeboard.org/ap/pdf/ap-us-h… DBQ (American independence, 1763-83), 84% of students were unable to demonstrate the synthesis skill. AP US History long essays: 5x more students chose to write on 19th Amendment rather than market revolution. 3 students, out of 160,000 worldwide, earned all 100/100 points possible on this year’s AP Chemistry exam. Multiple-choice: students scored well -- best on atomic structure questions, least well on historical report equilibrium. The most difficult AP Chemistry question was Q6 on Mg(OH)2. More than 40% of students scored 0 on it. AP European History scores are in, and are way up, significantly higher percentages of 4s and als reflective essay 5s in historical book report, comparison to last year’s students. 1 student, out of royal commonwealth, 107,000 worldwide, our future Secretary of State, earned all 130/130 pts possible on this year’s AP Euro History exam.
Multiple-choice: students scored best on questions on topics from 1648-1815. Historical Fiction? Short answer questions: students scored very well on #2 (printing centers) #4 (Scientific Rev). 1? Short answer questions: students struggled with #3 (welfare states); 56% earned 0 points on fiction book report this question. DBQ skill most students failed to demonstrate on this year’s Glorious Rev topic=synthesis; 74% didn’t show this ability. Most college admissions officers don’t prefer some APs over others; of. Royal Essays? 30% who do, AP Euro History is the historical fiction report 5th grade, AP history that most impresses.
These may shift slightly as late exams are scored. Is? Scores are higher than in report, 2011, when 67,000 fewer students had access. Students generally performed well on how to legal research paper multiple-choice questions about population. AP Env Sci students had similar performance on fiction 5th grade all 4 free-response questions, finding Q4 slightly more difficult: secure-media.collegeboard.org/ap/pdf/ap-envi… AP Human Geography scores declined again this year (2017) as the program expanded from how to do a legal research, 185,000 to historical book report 5th grade 200,000 students. Students scored very well on thesis multiple-choice questions about fiction book report 5th grade, population, industrialization, economic development. students showed solid understanding of rate of natural increase, many scoring high on FRQ2: secure-media.collegeboard.org/ap/pdf/ap-huma… Students seem not to have learned about New Urbanism (p. 42 of the Course Desc.); 41% earned 0/7 on Q1: secure-media.collegeboard.org/ap/pdf/ap-huma… Students scored lowest on multiple-choice questions regarding Science Practice 5: Data Analysis and do a legal research paper Evaluation of Evidence.
Students scored best on fiction 5th grade FRQ2 (experimental design, forces); Students scored low on is FRQ4 (energy, kinematics); Students scored well across the multiple-choice questions, esp on questions about Big Idea 2: fields in space interactions. The only topic where AP Physics 2 students generally did poorly on multiple-choice questions was Big Idea 3: interactions between objects. Students generally did best on FRQ 2 (experimental design: resistivity) and historical fiction book FRQ3 (lenses, refractions): secure-media.collegeboard.org/ap/pdf/ap-phys… Students generally scored lowest on FRQ4, which requires a paragraph-length electrostatics explanation: secure-media.collegeboard.org/ap/pdf/ap-phys… Students, out of 55,000 worldwide, earned all 90/90 points possible on this year’s exam. Many found AP Phys C: Mech FRQ2 (energy; Newton’s laws; kinematics) tough; 10% of students got 0 pts on it: secure-media.collegeboard.org/ap/pdf/ap-phys… Students scored highest on Q3 (magnetostatics) and lowest (by far) on Q1 (electrostatics): secure-media.collegeboard.org/ap/pdf/ap-phys… AP Phys EM Q2 (circuits) was a great, challenging question; students who can earn half its points meet colleges' standards for high school essay a 5. Multiple-choice: students showed very strong knowledge of 1) social/developmental psych; 2) personality/motivation emotion. The most challenging multiple-choice topics for AP Psychology students were biology/sensation perception/consciousness. 25% of historical book 5th grade, AP Psych students knew no concepts in Q2; a good predictor of your AP score is how many of these you know: secure-media.collegeboard.org/ap/pdf/ap-psyc… Multiple-choice: students scored better on 20th century texts and essay 1 prose, than poetry and pre-20th century texts.
Essays: students scored highest on fiction a challenging Smollett passage; the passage is initially daunting, so kudos. Essays: students scored lowest on Harper’s poem but some readers mentioned great essays recognizing parallels to jazz improv. Multiple-choice: students scored highest on comparing and contrast rainsford 20th century prose texts, then pre-20th, then lowest on 21st century prose. Essays: students generally performed best on the synthesis re: the future of fiction book report, public libraries (Q1): secure-media.collegeboard.org/ap/pdf/ap-engl… The most challenging essay for most AP English Lang students was the rhetorical analysis of Clare Booth Luce’s speech (Q2). The AP Economics scores will be a tough act for other subjects to follow – the highest in royal essays, years. The Micro score increases=jaw-dropping. These=the highest AP Macro scores in many years. Congrats! A whopping 54 students worldwide earned all 90 out of 90 points possible on this year’s AP Macroeconomics exam. The most challenging AP Macroeconomics free-response question was #2, the money market question: secure-media.collegeboard.org/ap/pdf/ap-macr… These may shift slightly as late exams are scored.
Students worldwide earned all 90 out of 90 points possible on this year’s AP Microeconomics exam. If you can answer most or all parts of Q1 (perfect competition), it predicts well your overall AP score this year: secure-media.collegeboard.org/ap/pdf/ap-micr… When exam scores get better, credit's due to teachers/students achieving more, rather than the fiction 5th grade, exam (equated from yr to yr) getting easier. And Contrast And Zaroff? In 2011, the 5th grade, most frequent AP Microecon score was a 1; in essay 1, 2017, the most frequent is a 4. Tremendous improvement in historical, student mastery. Write An Essay Comparing And Contrast? Many AP Microecon students found Q2 (production costs) incredibly difficulty; 23% of fiction report, students earned 0 pts on it: secure-media.collegeboard.org/ap/pdf/ap-micr… Multiple-choice: solid work across all topics; questions on critical commentary on royal commonwealth society essays readings were most challenging. Students scored very, very high when comparing the 5th grade, Rivera passage to a work of write an essay rainsford and zaroff, art (Q2): secure-media.collegeboard.org/ap/pdf/ap-span… The most challenging question for AP Spanish Literature students was Q3, analysis of Conde Lucanor as an example of didactico medieval. Students scored higher this year than any other year this decade: Multiple-choice: students scored highest on topics prior to 600 CE, lowest on topics post-1910. Reason: too much content? Free-response section is not a stable enough target for teachers/students, as you’ll see from fiction report, low scores on how to do a legal SAQ/DBQ/LEQs. This is why for 5th grade next year we’re streamlining the rubrics, focusing the free-response Qs on stated periods giving more essay topic options. But what about this year’s AP World History students who had a very difficult free-response section?
Psychometricians + college profs lowered the pts needed for 2,3,4,5 on this year's AP WH exam to match the difficulty of the FRQs. For all AP exams, profs + psychometricians shift points needed up /down depending on write and contrast difficulty of questions. (wikipedia: equating). Thus any variations in exam difficulty=removed, so AP scores changes each yr reflect changes in student ability, not changes in rigor. The best example this year of a too-difficult question is the AP World History DBQ, which was very hard for college students AP students. DBQ: 34% earned 0/7 points.
61% earned 0/2 doc analysis pts. 89% did not earn synthesis pt. 72% earned 0/2 evidence pts. AP World Hist long essays: 2/3 of students chose Q3 (20th c power) than Q2 (labor migration) generally scored higher on the exam overall. 95% of historical report 5th grade, students did not earn the synthesis point. Daniel? RIP: dedicated synthesis point. My summary of book report, AP World History data: students demonstrate high levels of ability on the multiple-choice section. But low levels of ability on the essays. Essays? Part of this is due to too-difficult questions and too many skills on the rubric. So we'll improve the stability, focus and historical book 5th grade consistency of the free-response section and rubrics, as announced already to pregnancy school essay teachers. But there's also need for more focus on evidence-based writing in class.
Daily writing to historical book 5th grade sources= best for AP exam college success. Most AP World History students struggled on the short answer questions: 62% earned 0 on Q1, 53% earned 0 on Q2, 48% earned 0 on Q3. Als Reflective Thinking Essay 1? Ben Hedrick and book 5th grade I will post next week a memo on the AP Calculus online teacher community w/specific details about this year’s scores. Multiple-choice: students scored very well determining derivatives, while finding the limits questions most challenging. AP Calculus AB free-response: students earned the highest points, on school average, when modeling rates (Q2): secure-media.collegeboard.org/ap/pdf/ap-calc… The most challenging question on this year’s AP Calc AB exam involved modeling w/separable diff (Q4); 49% of students earned 0 points on it.
3 students, out of fiction book report, 317,000 worldwide, earned all 108/108 points possible on this year's AP Calculus AB Exam. Ben Hedrick and I will post next week a memo on als reflective thinking 1 the AP Calculus online teacher community w/specific details about this year’s scores. 1 student, out of 133,000 worldwide, earned all 108/108 points possible on this year’s AP Calculus BC Exam. Students generally scored so high on historical fiction each topic in the multiple-choice section that there’s nothing to single out. Free-response questions: students scored highest on comparing and contrast rainsford graphic analysis of f’ (Q3): secure-media.collegeboard.org/ap/pdf/ap-calc… Students found modeling w/separable diff(Q4) Maclaurin series (Q6) very difficult; about 24% of students earned 0 pts on them.
I once heard calculus described as one of the supreme achievements of the book report, human mind. It’s hard to legal research disagree. AP Statistics multiple-choice: students knew exploring data sampling/experimentation well, but struggled w/probability/simulation statistical inference. The percentage of AP Statistics students who earned 0 on each free-response question: 1: 25%; 2: 21%; 3: 30%; 4: 17%; 5: 42%; 6: 53%. AP Statistic students generally did a solid job constructing a confidence interval in Q2, the highest-scoring FRQ: secure-media.collegeboard.org/ap/pdf/ap-stat… Multiple-choice topics: students earned highest scores on African art, and lowest scores on architecture. Free-response: students scored best describing the ways Ingres’ Grande Odalisque represented traditions changes (FRQ5). To improve AP Art History scores, focus on fiction book report 5th grade the skill of attribution; students had lowest scores on FRQ4: secure-media.collegeboard.org/ap/pdf/ap-art-… Multiple-choice: students generally found interpersonal listening questions more difficult than interpretive listening reading. AP Chinese students performed best, overall, in crafting an email response (Q2): secure-media.collegeboard.org/ap/pdf/ap-chin…
The most difficult AP Chinese task for students, overall, was the conversation regarding a study abroad program(Q3): secure-media.collegeboard.org/ap/video_audio… Very good work by AP French students crafting an email response (Q1), and school writing a persuasive essay re: la famille et la communaute (Q2). Students also generally performed well in fiction 5th grade, their the oral presentations on l’acces aux soins medicaux. The most challenging task for teenage high school essay AP French students was the conversation avec Jerome, but scores on this were nonetheless solid. This year’s AP German students demonstrated stronger proficiency than last year’s, so there’s a significant increase in 3s,4s,5s this year. 5th Grade? Multiple-choice: students slightly less well in responding to audio stimuli than print and combined stimuli. Students generally did a superb job crafting email responses regarding die Kantine an do a legal paper, Ihrer Schule (Q1): secure-media.collegeboard.org/ap/pdf/ap-germ… Students generally found the oral presentation on historical 5th grade regionale Kulture (Q4) the most difficult task on this year’s exam. Multiple-choice: students generally were more proficient in reading Italian than listening to daniel resume spoken Italian.
Students generally did a superb job composing an email on the theme of famiglia e societa (Q1): secure-media.collegeboard.org/ap/pdf/ap-ital… The most challenging task on report this year’s AP Italian exam proved to be the oral presentation all’importanza di usare automobili di piccole. Once again, AP Japanese students generally scored highest on write an essay and contrast rainsford and zaroff the oral presentation (this year on Japanese geography). The most challenging task for AP Japanese students this year was writing an article comparing/contrasting group vs individual projects. Historical Book Report? To get a sense of the interpersonal communication skills AP Japanese students perform, here are the audio prompts: apcentral.collegeboard.org/courses/ap-jap… Students generally did very well on their persuasive essays on write comparing and contrast and zaroff del telefono celular en las escuelas secundarias (Q2). The most challenging AP Spanish Lang task was the report, oral presentation (Q4) on how to do a research paper la importancia de los medios; 7% of students earned 0/5 on fiction 5th grade it.
Students also scored well on the spoken dialogue para crear un sitio web (Q3): apcentral.collegeboard.org/courses/ap-spa… 1 student out of 256,000 worldwide earned all 120/120 pts possible on this year’s AP Biology exam. Looking forward to him/her curing cancer. Als Reflective 1? Multiple-choice section: students scored highest on cellular processes questions and lowest on genetics questions. Free-response: students did very well constructing analyzing food webs (Q4) and evaluating impact of algal growth (Q5). Free-response: many students really struggled with detecting DNA damage (Q6); 59% earned 0 pts on report it: secure-media.collegeboard.org/ap/pdf/ap-biol… Don’t try this in public: even most AP Music Theory students found the second sight-singing task very challenging: secure-media.collegeboard.org/ap/pdf/ap-musi… Students did an excellent job on the the first harmonic dictation (Q3) and part-writing from 1, a figured bass (Q5). P Music Theory's gauntlet: this melodic dictation of an oboe solo; 13% of students were 0/9 on it: secure-media.collegeboard.org/ap/video_audio… Overall, scores are slightly down this year; stronger understanding of book, institutions (i.e. Teenage Essay? Supreme Court) will improve scores. In both the multiple-choice and free-response sections (Q1, Q4), AP US Govt students scored lowest re: institutions (Supreme Court, etc.) Students scored well on fiction Q2 (interest groups) and Q3 (entitlement spending): secure-media.collegeboard.org/ap/pdf/ap-unit… I find inspiring the work of AP US Govt teachers to build an informed citizenry; congrats on expanding access to 24K more students this yr.
Students scored high on write an essay comparing rainsford the short answer questions about historical fiction, Great Britain, Mexico, and resume Iran: secure-media.collegeboard.org/ap/pdf/ap-comp… The only historical fiction 5th grade, questions where some AP Comparative Govt students really struggled were 1 (regime change v. change in write and contrast, govt) and 5 (rule of law). Multiple-choice: students generally performed best on the Vergil syllabus readings, and least well on prose sight reading. Historical Fiction? Free-response: students generally performed well on the Marcellus passage from the teenage essay, Aeneid, Book 6 (Q4): secure-media.collegeboard.org/ap/pdf/ap-lati… The most challenging AP Latin question for most students was the historical fiction 5th grade, translation from Book 5 of Caesar’s Bellum Gallicum (Q2). In solidarity w/AP Latin students, I read the Aeneid this year; my favorite part was Book 2 (fall of Troy) -- thrilling stuff. Do A Legal? Studio Art Drawing 2D Portfolios are the strongest yet this decade, achieving a big jump in 5s this yr. Historical Report? 14 students, out of 20,000 worldwide, earned all 72/72 points possible on this year’s AP Studio Art-Drawing portfolio. Across the AP Studio Art portfolio types, students consistently scored highest on the Quality section, lowest on the Breadth section. Research? Sxtudio Art Drawing 2D Portfolios are the strongest yet this decade, achieving a big jump in historical report 5th grade, 5s this yr.
9 students, out of 33,000 worldwide, earned all 72/72 points possible on this year’s AP Studio Art-2D Design portfolio. Across the royal commonwealth essays, AP Studio Art portfolio types, students consistently scored highest on the Quality section, lowest on the Breadth section. 4 students, out of 5,500 worldwide, earned all 72/72 points possible on this year’s AP Studio Art-3D Design portfolio. Across the report 5th grade, AP Studio Art portfolio types, students consistently scored highest on the Quality section, lowest on society the Breadth section. 3 students, out of 20,000 worldwide, earned all 150/150 points possible in this year’s AP Capstone Seminar program. Students scored well on the end-of-course exam, which is all writing, no multiple-choice. Here’s a copy: secure-media.collegeboard.org/ap/pdf/ap-semi… Students examine topics through an interdisciplinary approach – arts, science, history, lit, soc studies: secure-media.collegeboard.org/ap/pdf/ap-semi… AP Research students generally created stronger research projects this year, so there’s a significant increase in the percentage of 4s, 5s. The most difficult AP Research students to demonstrate in historical fiction book report 5th grade, their papers was select use evidence. 43% only earned 2 of these 6 pts. Students' strongest skill: understand analyze context.
50% of students earned all 6/6 pts for write comparing and contrast and zaroff this skill on historical report 5th grade their papers. Multiple-choice: students scored exceptionally well, and how to do a legal paper generally aced the questions on global impacts analyzing impacts. The lowest scoring AP CSP questions (but still solid): interpreting data abstraction evaluating algorithms, essential for a 3 or higher. We have been helping high schools automate and organize the AP*, PSAT/NMSQT* and IB* exam registration processes since 2007. Fiction? Our services allow students to register for als reflective their high school's tests using an historical book, online form customized for school their school. * AP and Advanced Placement are registered trademarks of the historical book report 5th grade, College Board which is not affiliated with Total Registration nor does it endorse this service.
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Th Grade Historical Fiction Report Rubric - …
Information Technology and Moral Values. Information technology is now ubiquitous in the lives of people across the globe. These technologies take many forms such as personal computers, smart phones, the internet, web and mobile phone applications, digital assistants, and cloud computing. In fact the list is growing constantly and new forms of these technologies are working their way into every aspect of daily life. In some cases, such as can be seen in massive multiplayer online games (see section 2.1.1 below), these technologies are even opening up new ways of interacting with each other. Information technology at its basic level is technology that records, communicates, synthesizes or organizes information. Historical Fiction Book Report. Information can be understood as any useful data, instructions, or meaningful message content. The word literally means to how to do a legal paper “give form to” or to shape one's thoughts. So a basic type of information technology might be the proverbial string tied around one's finger to remind or inform you that you have some specific task to historical fiction 5th grade accomplish today. Here the string stands in for a more complex proposition such as “buy groceries before you come home.” The string itself is not the information, it merely symbolizes the information and therefore this symbol must be correctly interpreted for it to be useful.
Which raises the question, what is information itself? Unfortunately there is not a completely satisfying and philosophically rigorous definition available, though there are at least two very good starting points. For those troubled by the ontological questions regarding information, we might want to simply focus on the symbols and define information as any meaningfully ordered set of symbols. This move can be very useful and mathematicians and engineers prefer to focus on this aspect of information, which is called “syntax” and leave the meaningfulness of information or its “semantics” for others to figure out. An Essay Comparing And Contrast And Zaroff. Claude E. Historical 5th Grade. Shannon working at Bell Labs produced a landmark mathematical theory of communication (1948), where he took his experiences in cryptography and telephone technologies and worked out a mathematical formulation describing how syntactical information can be turned into long resume a signal that is transmitted in historical 5th grade such a way as to comparing and zaroff mitigate noise or other extraneous signals which can then be decoded by the desired receiver of the message (Shannon 1948; Shannon and Weaver 1949). The concepts described by Shannon, along with additional important innovations made by others who are too many to list, explain the fiction book report 5th grade, way that information technology works, but we still have the deeper issue to resolve if we want to thoroughly trace the impact of thinking essay 1 information technologies on historical 5th grade moral values. The second starting point is a bit more deeply philosophical in nature. Here we begin with the claim that information either constitutes or is closely correlated with what constitutes our existence and the existence of everything around us. Daniel Long. This means that information plays an ontological role in the manner in which the universe operates. Historical Book Report 5th Grade. A standpoint such as this would place information at the center of concern for philosophy and this idea has given rise to the new fields of Information Philosophy and daniel long resume Information Ethics. Fiction 5th Grade. Philosophy of Information will not be addressed in detail here but the interested reader can begin with Floridi (2010b, 2011b) for an introduction.
Some of the most important aspects of royal Information Ethics will be outlined in more detail below. Every action we take leaves a trail of information that could be recorded and fiction 5th grade stored for future use. Resume. For instance, you might use the simple technology of fiction report 5th grade keeping a detailed diary listing all the things you did and thought during the day. Long. But today you could augment that with even more detail gathered with advanced information technologies some examples include; all of historical fiction book report your economic transactions, a GPS generated plot of royal commonwealth society where you traveled, a list of all the web addresses you visited and the details of each search you initiated online, a listing of all your vital signs such as blood pressure and heart rate, all of your dietary intakes for the day, and many other examples can be imagined. As you go through this thought experiment you begin to fiction book report 5th grade see the complex trail of data that you generate each and how to legal research every day and historical book how that same data might be collected and a good thesis is stored though the use of information technologies. Here we can begin to see how information technology can impact moral values. Historical Book 5th Grade. As this data gathering becomes more automated and a good ever-present, we must ask who is in control of this data, what is to be done with it, and who will insure its accuracy.
For instance, which bits of information should be made public, which held private, and which should be allowed to become the property of fiction book report third parties like corporations? Questions of the production, access and control of information will be at high essay, the heart of moral challenges surrounding the use of information technology. One might argue that this situation is no different from the moral issues revolving around the production, access and book 5th grade control of pregnancy school essay any basic necessity of fiction book report 5th grade life. But there is one major difference, if one party controls the access of teenage school essay some natural resource, then that by necessity excludes others from using it. Historical Fiction Report. This is not necessarily so with digital information, it is non-exclusory, meaning we can all at least theoretically possess the same digital information because copying it from one digital source to another does not require eliminating the previous copy. Since there is no physical obstacle to the spread of all information, then there remain only appeals to morality, or economic justice, which might prevent distributing certain forms of information.
Therefore, understanding the role of moral values in information technology is indispensable to the design and use of these technologies (Johnson 1985; Moor 1985; Nissenbaum 1998; Spinello 2001). It should be noted that this entry will not directly address the phenomenological approach to the ethics of information technology since there is a detailed entry on this subject available (see entry on Phenomenological Approaches to Ethics and Information Technology). 1. The Moral Challenges of Information Technology. The move from one set of dominant information technologies to another is always morally contentious. Socrates lived during the long transition from als reflective thinking, a largely oral tradition to a newer information technology consisting of writing down words and information and collecting those writings into scrolls and books. Famously Socrates was somewhat antagonistic to writing and he never wrote anything down himself. Ironically, we only know about Socrates' argument against writing because his student Plato ignored his teacher and wrote it down in historical book report a dialogue called “Phaedrus” (Plato). Towards the als reflective essay, end of this dialogue Socrates discusses with his friend Phaedrus the “conditions which make it (writing) proper or improper” (section 274b479c). Historical Fiction 5th Grade. Socrates tells a fable of an Egyptian God he names Theuth who gives the gift of an essay and zaroff writing to a king named Thamus. Thamus is not pleased with the gift and replies,
If men learn this, it will implant forgetfulness in their souls; they will cease to exercise memory because they rely on that which is written, calling things to remembrance no longer from within themselves, but by means of external marks. Report 5th Grade. (Phaedrus, section 275a) Socrates, who was adept at quoting lines from poems and epics and commonwealth society essays placing them into his conversations, fears that those who rely on writing will never be able to truly understand and live by these words. Fiction Book Report 5th Grade. For Socrates there is something immoral or false about writing. Books can provide information but they cannot, by themselves, give you the a good thesis is, wisdom you need to use or deeply understand that information. Conversely, in an oral tradition you do not simply consult a library, you are the library, you are a living manifestation of the information you know by heart. For Socrates, reading a book is nowhere near as insightful as talking with its author. Written words, seem to talk to you as though they were intelligent, but if you ask them anything about fiction report what they say, from legal, a desire to historical be instructed, they go on telling you the pregnancy high school essay, same thing forever. (Phaedrus, section 275d). His criticism of writing at first glance may seem humorous but the temptation to use recall and call it memory is getting more and more prevalent in modern information technologies. Why learn anything when information is just an Internet search away? In order to avoid Socrates' worry, information technologies should do more than just provide access to fiction 5th grade information; they should also help foster wisdom and understanding as well. 1.1 The Fundamental Character of Information Technologies.
Early in an essay rainsford the information technology revolution Richard Mason suggested that the coming changes in information technologies would necessitate rethinking the historical fiction report, social contract (Mason 1986). What he could not have known then was how often we would have to update the write an essay comparing, social contract as these technologies rapidly change. Information technologies change quickly and move in and out of fashion at a bewildering pace. Historical. This makes it difficult to try to list them all and catalog the moral impacts of each. The very fact that this change is als reflective thinking essay 1 so rapid and momentous has caused some to argue that we need to deeply question the ethics of the process of developing emerging technologies (Moor 2008). 5th Grade. It has also been argued that the ever morphing nature of information technology is changing our ability to even fully understand moral values as they change. Lorenzo Magnani claims that acquiring knowledge of how that change confounds our ability to reason morally “has become a duty in our technological world” (Magnani 2007, 93). The legal theorist Larry Lessig warns that the a good thesis, pace of change in information technology is so rapid that it leaves the slow and deliberative process of law and 5th grade political policy behind and in effect these technologies become lawless, or extralegal. This is due to the fact that by the time a law is write an essay comparing written to curtail, for instance, some form of copyright infringement facilitated by a particular file sharing technology, that technology has become out of date and users are on to something else that facilitates copyright infringement (Lessig 1999). But even given this rapid pace of change it remains the historical book, case that information technologies or applications can all be categorized into at least three different types each of which we will look at below. All information technologies record (store), transmit (communicate), organize and/or synthesize information.
For example, a book is a record of information, a telephone is used to communicate information, and als reflective 1 the Dewey decimal system organizes information. Many information technologies can accomplish more than one of the above functions and, most notably, the computer can accomplish all of fiction 5th grade them since it can be described as a universal machine (see the commonwealth, entry on computability and complexity), so it can be programmed to emulate any form of historical 5th grade information technology. In section 2 we will look at some specific example technologies and essay 1 applications from each of the historical fiction book, three types of information technology listed above and track the moral challenges that arise out comparing of the use and design of these specific technologies. In addition to historical book report 5th grade the above we will need to do a research paper address the growing use of information environments such as massive multiplayer games, which are environments completely composed of information where people can develop alternate lives filled with various forms of social activities (see section 2.3). Finally we will look at not only how information technology impacts our moral intuitions but also how it might be changing the book, very nature of royal commonwealth society essays moral reasoning. In section 3, we will look at historical fiction report 5th grade, information as a technology of morality and teenage essay how we might program applications and robots to interact with us in a more morally acceptable manner. 1.1.1 Moral Values in Information Recording. We live in a world rich in data and the technology to record and store vast amounts of this data has grown rapidly. The primary moral concern here is that when we collect, store, and/or access information it is done in a just manner that anyone can see is fair and in the best interests of all parties involved. As was mentioned above, each of us produces a vast amount of information every day that could be recorded and book report 5th grade stored as useful data to be accessed later when needed.
But moral conundrums arise when that collection, storage and use of our information is done by third parties without our knowledge or done with only our tacit consent. Commonwealth Society Essays. The control of historical fiction report information is power. The social institutions that have traditionally exercised this power are things like, religious organizations, universities, libraries, healthcare officials, government agencies, banks and corporations. A Good. These entities have access to historical fiction report stored information that gives them a certain amount of power over their customers and constituencies. Today each citizen has access to more and more of that stored information without the necessity of als reflective utilizing the traditional mediators of that information and therefore a greater individual share of social power (see Lessig 1999). One of the great values of modern information technology is that it makes the recording of information easy, and in some cases, it is done automatically. Today, a growing number of people enter biometric data such as blood pressure, calorie intake, exercise patterns, etc. into applications designed to help them achieve a healthier lifestyle. This type of data collection could become more automated in the near future. There are already applications that use the GPS tracking available in many phones to track the fiction report 5th grade, length and duration of resume a user's walk or run. How long until a smartphone collects a running data stream of your blood pressure throughout the day perhaps tagged with geo-location markers of particularly high or low readings? In one sense this could be immensely powerful data that could lead to much healthier lifestyle choices.
But it could also be a serious breach in privacy if the historical, information got into how to legal the wrong hands which would be easily accomplished since third parties have access to information collected on smartphones and historical fiction report 5th grade online applications. In the next section (1.1.2) we will look at some theories on how best to ethically communicate this recorded information to daniel long preserve privacy. Historical Report. But here we must address a more subtle privacy breach, the collection and recording of data about a user without his or her knowledge or consent. When searching on a good the Internet, browser software records all manner of historical fiction 5th grade data about our visits to various websites which can, for example, make webpages load faster next time you visit them. Even the daniel, websites themselves use various means to record information when your computer has accessed them and they may leave bits of information on your computer which the book report, site can use the teenage school, next time you visit. Some websites are able to detect which other sites you have visited or which pages on the website you spend the most time on. If someone were following you around a library noting down this kind of fiction report 5th grade information you might find it uncomfortable or hostile, but online this kind of behavior takes place behind the scenes and is barely noticed by legal research the casual user. According to some professionals, information technology has all but eliminated the private sphere. Scott McNealy of Sun Microsystems famously announced in 1999: “You have zero privacy anyway. Historical Fiction Report. Get over it” (Sprenger, 1999).
Helen Nissenbaum observes that, [w]here previously, physical barriers and inconvenience might have discouraged all but the most tenacious from ferreting out information, technology makes this available at the click of a button or for a few dollars (Nissenbaum 1997) and since the time when she wrote this the gathering of data has become more automated and cheaper. Clearly, earlier theories of als reflective thinking essay privacy that assumed the fiction book report 5th grade, inviolability of physical walls no longer apply but as Nissenbaum argues, personal autonomy and intimacy require us to protect privacy nonetheless (Nissenbaum 1997). A final concern in this section is that information technologies are now storing user data in “the cloud” meaning that the data is als reflective thinking essay 1 stored on a device remotely located from the user and not owned or operated by historical fiction book report 5th grade that user, but the data is then available from anywhere the user happens to be on any device he or she happens to be using. Pregnancy School Essay. This ease of access has the historical, result of also making the relationship one has to one's own data more tenuous because of the uncertainty about the physical location of that data. Since personal data is crucially important to protect, the third parties that offer “cloud” services need to royal understand the responsibility of the trust the user is fiction book report placing in them. If you load all the photographs of your life to a service like Flickr and they were to somehow lose or delete them, this would be a tragic mistake that might not be repairable. 1.1.2 Moral Values in teenage Communicating and Accessing Information.
Information technology has forced us to rethink a simple notion of privacy into more complex theories that recognize both the benefits and book report risks of communicating all manner of royal commonwealth society essays information. The primary moral values of concern are privacy, ownership, trust and the veracity of the historical fiction 5th grade, information being communicated. Who has the final say whether or not some information about a user is communicated or not? Who is allowed to sell your medical records, your financial records, your friend list, your browser history, etc.? If you do not have control over this process, then how can you claim a right to how to do a legal privacy?
For instance Alan Westin argued in the very early decades of digital information technology that control of access to one's personal information was the key to book report maintaining privacy (Westin 1967). Pregnancy High School Essay. It follows that if we care about privacy, then we should give all the control of access to personal information to the individual. Most corporate entities resist this notion as information about report 5th grade users has become a primary commodity in the digital world boosting the fortunes of corporations like Google or Facebook. There is a great deal of utility each of us gains from the services of internet search companies. It might actually be a fair exchange that they provide search results for free based on collecting data from individual user behavior that helps them rank the results.
This service comes with advertising that is a good is directed at the user based on fiction book report his or her search history. That is, each user tacitly agrees to give up some privacy whenever they use the service. If we follow the argument raised above that privacy is equivalent to pregnancy high school essay information control then we do seem to be ceding our privacy away little by little. Herman Tavani and historical report James Moor (2004) argue that in some cases giving the user more control of their information may actually result in greater loss of privacy. Their primary argument is that no one can actually control all of the information about oneself that is produced each day. If we focus only on the little bit we can control, we lose site of the vast mountains of daniel long data we cannot (Tavani and Moor 2004). Tavani and book report Moor argue that privacy must be recognized by the third parties that do control your information and only if those parties have a commitment to protecting user privacy will we actually have any real privacy and towards this end they suggest that we think in terms of restricted access to information rather than strict control of royal essays personal information (Tavani and Moor 2004). Information security is also an important moral value that impacts the communication and access of historical book user information.
If we grant the daniel, control of our information to third parties in exchange for the services they provide, then these entities must also be responsible for restricting the access to that information by others who might use it to fiction harm us (see Epstein 2007; Magnani 2007; Tavani 2007). With enough information, a person's entire identity might be stolen and used to facilitate fraud and daniel larceny. The victims of these crimes can have their lives ruined as they try to rebuild such things as their credit rating and bank accounts. This has led to the design of computer systems that are more difficult to access and the growth of a new industry dedicated to securing computer systems. The difficulty in historical fiction obtaining complete digital security rests in the fact that security is antithetical to the moral values of sharing and essays openness that guided many of the early builders of information technology. Steven Levy (1984) describes in historical 5th grade his book, “Hackers: Heroes of the Computer Revolution,” a kind of “Hacker ethic,” that includes the idea that computers should be freely accessible and how to do a decentralized in order to facilitate “world improvement” and further social justice (Levy 1984; see also Markoff 2005).
So it seems that information technology has a strong dissonance created in the competing values of historical fiction 5th grade security and openness based on the competing values of the teenage pregnancy, people designing the technologies themselves. This conflict in values has been debated by philosophers. While many of the hackers interviewed by Levy argue that hacking is fiction book not as dangerous as it seems and write comparing and contrast that it is historical 5th grade mostly about gaining knowledge of how systems work, Eugene Spafford counters that no computer break-in is entirely harmless and that the royal commonwealth society, harm precludes the possibility of ethical hacking except in the most extreme cases (Spafford 2007). Kenneth Himma largely agrees that hacking is largely unethical but that politically motivated hacking or “Hacktivism” may have some moral justification though he is hesitant to report give his complete endorsement of the practice due to the largely anonymous nature of the speech entailed by the hacktivist protests (Himma 2007b). Mark Manion and Abby Goodrum agree that hacktivism could be a special case of ethical hacking but warn that it should proceed in accordance to the moral norms set by the acts of civil disobedience that marked the twentieth century or risk being classified as online terrorism (Manion and Goodrum 2007). A very similar value split plays out in other areas as well, particularly in intellectual property rights (see entry on Intellectual Property/) and pornography and censorship (see entry on Pornography and Censorship). What information technology adds to these long standing moral debates is the nearly effortless access to information that others might want to control such as intellectual property, dangerous information and als reflective thinking pornography (Floridi 1999), along with the anonymity of both the user and those providing access to the information (Nissenbaum 1999; Sullins 2010). For example, even though cases of bullying and stalking occur regularly, the anonymous and remote actions of cyber-bullying and cyberstalking make these behaviors much easier and the perpetrator less likely to be caught. Arguably, this makes these unethical behaviors on cyberspace more likely that the design of cyberspace itself tacitly promotes unethical behavior (Adams 2002; Grodzinsky and Tavani 2002). Since the very design capabilities of information technology influence the fiction report, lives of royal society their users, the moral commitments of the historical fiction book 5th grade, designers of these technologies may dictate the pregnancy school, course society will take and our commitments to certain moral values (Brey 2010; Bynum 2000; Ess 2009; Johnson 1985; Magnani 2007; Moor 1985; Spinello 2001; Sullins 2010). Assuming we are justified in granting access to some store of book report 5th grade information that we may be in control of, there is a duty to ensure that that information is write rainsford useful and fiction 5th grade accurate.
If you use a number of different search engines to try to find some bit of information, each of these searches will vary from one another. This shows that not all searches are equal and it matters which search provider you use. All searches are filtered to some degree in order to research ensure that the information the historical fiction book report, search provider believes is most important to the user is teenage listed first. A great deal of trust is placed in this filtering process and the actual formulas used by search providers are closely held trade secrets. The hope is that these decisions are morally justifiable but it is difficult to know. If we are told a link will take us to one location on the web yet when we click it we are taken to some other place, the historical fiction report, user may feel that this is how to do a paper a breach of trust. This is often called “clickjacking” and malicious software can clickjack a browser by taking the user to some other site than is expected; it will usually be rife with other links that will further infect your machine or sites that pay the clickjacker for historical 5th grade bringing traffic to them (Hansen and essay Grossman, 2008). Again the 5th grade, anonymity and ease of use that information technology provides can facilitate deceitful practices. Pettit (2009) suggests that this should cause us to reevaluate the write an essay comparing rainsford, role that moral values such as trust and reliance play in a world of information technology. Lastly in this section we must address the impact that the access to fiction information has on social justice.
Information technology was largely developed in thesis is the Western industrial societies during the twentieth century. But even today the benefits of this technology have not spread evenly around the world and to book report 5th grade all socioeconomic demographics. Certain societies and an essay comparing and contrast rainsford and zaroff social classes have little to historical book report no access to the information easily available to those in more well off and in developed nations, and and contrast rainsford and zaroff some of those who have some access have that access heavily censored by their own governments. Fiction Report 5th Grade. This situation has come to be called the “digital divide,” and despite efforts to address this gap it may be growing wider. While much of this gap is driven by economics (see Warschauer 2003), Charles Ess notes that there is a good thesis also a problem with the report, forces of a new kind of cyber enabled colonialism and ethnocentrism that can limit the desire of those outside the industrial West to participate in this new “Global Metropolis” (Ess 2009). John Weckert also notes that cultural differences in giving and taking offence play a role in the design of daniel more egalitarian information technologies (Weckert 2007).
Others argue that basic moral concerns like privacy are weighed differently in Asian cultures (Hongladarom 2008; Lü 2005). 1.1.3 Moral Values in Organizing and Synthesizing Information. In addition to storing and communicating information, many information technologies automate the fiction book report, organizing of als reflective thinking information as well as synthesizing or mechanically authoring or acting on new information. Fiction Book 5th Grade. Norbert Wiener first developed a theory of automated information synthesis which he called Cybernetics (Wiener 1961 ). Wiener realized that a machine could be designed to gather information about the teenage high school, world, derive logical conclusions about that information which would imply certain actions, which the book report 5th grade, machine could then implement, all without any direct input form a human agent. Wiener quickly saw that if his vision of cybernetics was realized, there would be tremendous moral concerns raised by such machines which he outlined in his book the Human Use of Human Beings (Wiener 1950).
Wiener argued that, while this sort of technology could have drastic moral impacts, it was still possible to be proactive and commonwealth essays guide the technology in ways that would increase the moral reasoning capabilities of both humans and machines (Bynum 2008). Machines make decisions that have moral impacts. Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen tell an historical 5th grade, anecdote in their book “Moral Machines” (2008). One of the daniel long resume, authors left on a vacation and when he arrived overseas his credit card stopped working, perplexed, he called the bank and learned that an automatic anti-theft program had decided that there was a high probability that the historical 5th grade, charges he was trying to society make were from someone stealing his card and that in order to protect him the machine had denied his credit card transactions. Here we have a situation where a piece of information technology was making decisions about the probability of nefarious activity happening that resulted in a small amount of harm to the person that it was trying to help.
Increasingly, machines make important life changing financial decisions about historical fiction book report people without much oversight from human agents. Whether or not you will be given a credit card, mortgage loan, the price you will have to pay for insurance, etc. is very often determined by daniel long resume a machine. For instance if you apply for a credit card the machine will look for historical book report 5th grade certain data points, like your salary, your credit record, the economic condition of the area you're in, etc., and then calculates a probability that you will default on your credit card, that probability will either pass a threshold of a good thesis acceptance or not and determine whether or not you are given the fiction book report, card. Thinking Essay 1. The machine can typically learn as well to make better judgments given the results of earlier decisions it has made. Machine learning and prediction is based on complex logic and mathematics (see for example Russell and fiction book report 5th grade Norvig 2010), this complexity may result in slightly humorous examples of pregnancy school mistaken prediction as told above, or it might interpret the data of someone's friends and acquaintances, his or her recent purchases, and other social data which might result in the mistaken classification of book report 5th grade that person as a potential terrorist, thus altering that person's life in a powerfully negative way (Sullins 2010). It all depends on the design of the learning and prediction algorithm, something that is typically kept secret. 1.2 The Moral Paradox of als reflective essay Information Technologies. Several of the issues raised above result from the moral paradox of Information technologies. Many users want information to be quickly accessible and easy to use and desire that it should come at as low a cost as possible, preferably free. But users also want important and historical book sensitive information to als reflective 1 be secure, stable and reliable. Maximizing our value of quick and low cost minimizes our ability to provide secure and high quality information and the reverse is true also.
Thus the designers of information technologies are constantly faced with making uncomfortable compromises. The early web pioneer Stewart Brand sums this up well in historical report his famous quote: In fall 1984, at the first Hackers' Conference, I said in one discussion session: “On the one hand information wants to be expensive, because it's so valuable. The right information in the right place just changes your life. On the other hand, information wants to be free, because the als reflective 1, cost of getting it out is historical fiction report getting lower and lower all the time. So you have these two fighting against how to do a legal, each other” (Clarke 2000see Other Internet Resources)  Since these competing moral values are essentially impossible to reconcile, they are likely to continue to be at book report, the heart of moral debates in the use and design of society information technologies for the foreseeable future. 2. Specific Moral Challenges at the Cultural Level. In the section above, the focus was on the moral impacts of information technologies on the individual user.
In this section, the focus will be on how these technologies shape the moral landscape at the social level. At the historical fiction book 5th grade, turn of the century the teenage essay, term “web 2.0” began to surface and historical fiction book 5th grade it referred to legal research the new way that the book report 5th grade, world wide web was being used as a medium for information sharing and royal essays collaboration as well as a change in the mindset of web designers to include more interoperability and user-centered experiences on their websites. This term has also become associated with “social media” and “social networking.” While the original design of the historical fiction book 5th grade, web by write comparing and contrast rainsford its creator Tim Berners-Lee was always one that included notions of meeting others and collaboration, users were finally ready to fully exploit those capabilities by 2004 when the first Web 2.0 conference was held by O'Reilly Media (O'Reilly 2005see Other Internet Resources). Book 5th Grade. This change has meant that a growing number of people have begun to spend significant portions of their lives online with other users experiencing an unprecedentedly new kind of lifestyle. Social networking is an important part of many people's lives now where massive numbers of people congregate on sites like Facebook and daniel long interact with friends old and new, real and fiction book report virtual.
The Internet offers the immersive experience of interacting with others in pregnancy virtual worlds where environments constructed from information. Just now emerging onto historical fiction report 5th grade, the scene are technologies that will allow us to merge the teenage high school essay, real and the virtual. This new “augmented reality” is facilitated by the fact that many people now carry GPS enabled smart phones and other portable computers with them upon which they can run applications that let them interact with their surroundings and historical fiction book 5th grade their computers at the same time, perhaps looking at commonwealth essays, an item though the camera in their device and book report the “app” calling up information about that entity and displaying it in a bubble above the item. Each of these technologies comes with their own suite of new moral challenges some of which will be discussed below. Social networking is a term given to sites and applications that facilitate online social interactions that typically focus on als reflective thinking 1 sharing information with other users referred to fiction book report as “friends.” The most famous of how to do a legal these sites today is Facebook. There are a number of moral values that these sites call into question.
Shannon Vallor (2011) has reflected on how sites like Facebook change or even challenge our notion of friendship. Her analysis is historical book 5th grade based on the Aristotelian theory of friendship (see entry on Aristotle's Ethics). And Contrast Rainsford. Aristotle argued that humans realize a good and true life though virtuous friendships. Valor notes that four key dimensions of Aristotle's ‘virtuous friendship,’ namely: reciprocity, empathy, self-knowledge and historical fiction the shared life, are found in online social media in ways that can actually strengthen friendship (Vallor 2011). Yet she argues that social media is als reflective thinking not up to the task of facilitating what Aristotle calls ‘the shared life,’ and thus these media cannot fully support the historical report, Aristotelian notion of complete and virtuous friendship by long themselves (Vallor 2011). Historical Book 5th Grade. Vallor also has a similar analysis of other Aristotelian virtues such as patience, honesty and empathy as they are fostered in comparing rainsford online media (Vallor 2010). Historical Book Report 5th Grade. Johnny Hartz Søraker (2012) argues for a nuanced understanding of online friendship rather than a rush to normative judgement on long the virtues of virtual friends.
There are, of course, privacy issues that abound in 5th grade the use of social media. James Parrish following Mason (1986) recommends four policies that a user of social media should follow to ensure proper ethical concern for other's privacy: When sharing information on SNS (social network sites), it is not only necessary to write an essay comparing rainsford consider the historical 5th grade, privacy of one's personal information, but the privacy of the information of others who may be tied to the information being shared. When sharing information on SNS, it is the responsibility of the one desiring to share information to verify the teenage pregnancy essay, accuracy of the information before sharing it. A user of SNS should not post information about themselves that they feel they may want to retract at some future date. Furthermore, users of SNS should not post information that is the product of the mind of another individual unless they are given consent by that individual. Fiction Report 5th Grade. In both cases, once the information is shared, it may be impossible to how to do a legal retract. Historical. It is the how to do a paper, responsibility of the SNS user to determine the authenticity of a person or program before allowing the book report, person or program access to the shared information. (Parrish 2010) These systems are not typically designed to daniel resume protect individual privacy, but since these services are typically free there is historical report a strong economic drive for the service providers to harvest at least some information about royal commonwealth their user's activities on the site in order to sell that information to advertisers for directed marketing.
The first moral impact one encounters when contemplating online games is the tendency for fiction these games to portray violence. Legal Research Paper. There are many news stories that claim a cause and effect relationship between violence in computer games and real violence. The claim that violence in historical book video games has a causal connection to actual violence has been strongly critiqued by do a research the social scientist Christopher J. Historical Fiction Book Report. Ferguson (Ferguson 2007). However, Mark Coeckelbergh argues that since this relationship is tenuous at best and that the essay, real issue at hand is the effect these games have on one's moral character (Coeckelbergh 2007). But Coeckelbergh goes on to claim that computer games can be designed to facilitate virtues like empathetic and cosmopolitan moral development so he is not arguing against all games just those where the violence inhibits moral growth (Coeckelbergh 2007). Fiction Book Report. Marcus Schulzke (2010) holds a different opinion, suggesting that the violence in computer games is thesis morally defensible. Schulzke's main claim is historical report that actions in a virtual world are very different from actions in the real world, though a player may “kill” another player in a virtual world, that player is instantly back in the game and the two will almost certainly remain friends in how to do a legal the real world thus virtual violence is very different from real violence, a distinction gamers are comfortable with (Schulzke 2010). Historical Fiction Report 5th Grade. While virtual violence may seem palatable to some, Morgan Luck (2009) seeks a moral theory that might be able to allow the acceptance of virtual murder but that will not extend to other immoral acts such as pedophilia. Christopher Bartel (2011) is less worried about the how to paper, distinction Luck attempts to draw; Bartel argues that virtual pedophilia is real child pornography, which is already morally reprehensible and illegal across the globe. While violence is easy to see in report online games, there is a much more substantial moral value at play and that is the politics of virtual worlds. Peter Ludlow and als reflective thinking essay 1 Mark Wallace describe the initial moves to fiction book 5th grade online political culture in their book, The Second Life Herald: The Virtual Tabloid that Witnessed the Dawn of the Metaverse (2007).
Ludlow and Wallace chronicle how the players in massive online worlds have begun to form groups and guilds that often confound the designers of the game and are at times in conflict with those that make the game. Their contention is als reflective thinking 1 that designers rarely realize that they are creating a space where people intended to live large portions of their lives and engage in real economic and social activity and thus the designers have the fiction book 5th grade, moral duties somewhat equivalent to those who may write a political constitution (Ludlow and Wallace 2007). According to Purcell (2008), there is little commitment to long resume democracy or egalitarianism in online games and this needs to change if more and historical fiction report more of us are going to spend time living in write an essay comparing rainsford these virtual worlds. 2.1.2 The Lure of the historical fiction report 5th grade, Virtual Game Worlds. A persistent concern about the use of computers and especially computer games is that this could result in anti-social behavior and isolation. Yet studies might not support these hypotheses (Gibba, et al.
1983). With the advent of als reflective essay 1 massively multiplayer games as well as video games designed for families the social isolation hypothesis is even harder to believe. Fiction 5th Grade. These games do, however, raise gender equality issues. James Ivory used online reviews of games to complete a study that shows that male characters outnumber female characters in games and those female images that are in games tend to legal be overly sexualized (Ivory 2006). Soukup (2007) suggests that gameplay in these virtual worlds is most often based on historical 5th grade gameplay that is oriented to masculine styles of royal commonwealth society play thus potentially alienating women players.
And those women that do participate in game play at historical book 5th grade, the highest level play roles in gaming culture that are very different from those the largely heterosexual white male gamers, often leveraging their sexuality to gain acceptance (Taylor et al. 2009). Royal Commonwealth Essays. Additionally, Joan M. McMahon and Ronnie Cohen have studied how gender plays a role in the making of ethical decisions in the virtual online world, with women more likely to judge a questionable act as unethical then men (2009). Marcus Johansson suggests that we may be able to mitigate virtual immorality by punishing virtual crimes with virtual penalties in order to foster more ethical virtual communities (Johansson 2009). The media has raised moral concerns about the way that childhood has been altered by fiction 5th grade the use of royal society information technology (see for example Jones 2011). Many applications are now designed specifically for toddlers encouraging them to historical book interact with computers from as early an how to research paper, age as possible. Since children may be susceptible to media manipulation such as advertising we have to ask if this practice is morally acceptable or not. Depending on historical fiction the particular application being used, it may encourage solitary play that may lead to isolation but others are more engaging with both the parents and the children playing (Siraj-Blatchford 2010). It should also be noted that pediatricians have advised that there are no known benefits to early media use amongst young children but there potential risks (Christakis 2009). Studies have shown that from 1998 to 2008, sedentary lifestyles amongst children in daniel England have resulted in the first measured decline in book strength since World War Two (Cohen et al. 2011).
It is not clear if this decline is comparing and contrast directly attributable to information technology use but it may be a contributing factor. 2.3 Malware, Spyware and historical book Informational Warfare. Malware and computer virus threats are growing at an astonishing rate. Security industry professionals report that while certain types of malware attacks such as spam are falling out of fashion, newer types of attacks focused on pregnancy high mobile computing devices and the hacking of cloud computing infrastructure are on fiction book report 5th grade the rise outstripping any small relief seen in the slowing down of older forms of attack (Cisco Systems 2011; Kaspersky Lab 2011). What is royal clear is historical fiction 5th grade that this type of activity will be with us for the foreseeable future. In addition to the largely criminal activity of malware production, we must also consider the a good is, related but more morally ambiguous activities of hacking, hacktivism, commercial spyware, and informational warfare. Each of these topics has its own suite of historical report subtle moral ambiguities. We will now explore some of them here.
While there may be wide agreement that the conscious spreading of als reflective 1 malware is of questionable morality there is an historical 5th grade, interesting question as to the morality of malware protection and anti-virus software. With the a good, rise in malicious software there has been a corresponding growth in the security industry which is now a multi-billion dollar market. Even with all the money spent on security software there seems to be no slowdown in virus production, in fact quite the opposite has occurred. This raises an interesting business ethics concern, what value are customers receiving for their money from the security industry? The massive proliferation of malware has been shown to be largely beyond the ability of anti-virus software to completely mitigate. There is an important lag in the time between when a new piece of malware is historical fiction report detected by the security community and the eventual release of the als reflective thinking essay 1, security patch and malware removal tools. The anti-virus modus operandi of receiving a sample, analyzing the sample, adding detection for the sample, performing quality assurance, creating an update, and finally sending the update to their users leaves a huge window of opportunity for the adversary even assuming that anti-virus users update regularly. (Aycock and Sullins 2010) This lag is constantly exploited by malware producers and in this model there is an everpresent security hole that is impossible to fill. Thus it is important that security professionals do not overstate their ability to protect systems, by the time a new malicious program is discovered and patched, it has already done significant damage and there is currently no way to stop this (Aycock and Sullins 2010).
In the historical book report 5th grade, past most malware creation was motivated by hobbyists and amateurs, but this has changed and how to legal paper now much of this activity is criminal in fiction book report nature (Cisco Systems 2011; Kaspersky Lab 2011). Aycock and Sullins (2010) argue that relying on a strong defense is how to do a legal research not enough and the situation requires a counteroffensive reply as well and fiction book they propose an ethically motivated malware research and royal creation program. This is not an entirely new idea and it was originally suggested by the Computer Scientist George Ledin in his editorial for the Communications of the ACM , “Not Teaching Viruses and Worms is Harmful” (2005). This idea does run counter to the majority opinion regarding the ethics of historical fiction book learning and deploying malware. Most computer scientists and researchers in als reflective thinking essay 1 information ethics agree that all malware is unethical (Edgar 2003; Himma 2007a; Neumann 2004; Spafford 1992; Spinello 2001). According to Aycock and Sullins, these worries can be mitigated by open research into understanding how malware is created in order to better fight this threat (2010).
When malware and spyware is created by state actors, we enter the historical report 5th grade, world of write comparing rainsford informational warfare and a new set of moral concerns. Every developed country in the world experiences daily cyber-attacks, with the major target being the United States that experiences a purported 1.8 billion attacks a month (Lovely 2010). The majority of these attacks seem to fiction book 5th grade be just probing for weaknesses but they can devastate a countries internet such as the cyber attacks on Estonia in 2007 and those in Georgia which occured in 2008. Write An Essay Comparing And Contrast And Zaroff. While the Estonian and Georgian attacks were largely designed to obfuscate communication within the target countries more recently informational warfare has been used to facilitate remote sabotage. The now famous Stuxnet virus used to attack Iranian nuclear centrifuges is perhaps the first example of weaponized software capable of creating remotely damaging physical facilities (Cisco Systems 2011). The coming decade will likely see many more cyber weapons deployed by state actors along well-known political fault lines such as those between Israel-America-western Europe vs Iran, and America-Western Europe vs China (Kaspersky Lab 2011). Book Report. The moral challenge here is to determine when these attacks are considered a severe enough challenge to the sovereignty of a nation to justify military reactions and to react in a justified and als reflective 1 ethical manner to them (Arquilla 2010; Denning 2008, Kaspersky Lab 2011). The primary moral challenge of historical fiction report 5th grade informational warfare is determining how to use weaponized information technologies in a way that honors our commitments to just and legal warfare. Since warfare is already a morally questionable endeavor it would be preferable if information technologies could be leveraged to lessen violent combat. For instance, one might argue that the als reflective, Stuxnet virus did damage that in historical fiction book 5th grade generations before might have been accomplished by an air raid incurring significant civilian casualtiesand that so far there have been no reported human casualties resulting from Stuxnet.
The malware known as “Flame” seems to be designed to aid in espionage and write an essay rainsford and zaroff one might argue that more accurate information given to decision makers during wartime should help them make better decisions on 5th grade the battlefield. Daniel Long Resume. On the other hand, these new informational warfare capabilities might allow states to fiction book report 5th grade engage in continual low level conflict eschewing efforts for peacemaking which might require political compromise. As was mentioned in the introduction above, information technologies are in research paper a constant state of change and innovation. The internet technologies that have brought about fiction report so much social change were scarcely imaginable just decades before they appeared. Even though we may not be able to foresee all possible future information technologies, it is daniel long important to try to imagine the changes we are likely to see in emerging technologies. James Moor argues that moral philosophers need to pay particular attention to emerging technologies and book help influence the design of these technologies early on before they adversely affect moral change (Moor 2005). Some potential technological concerns now follow. An information technology has an interesting growth pattern that has been observed since the founding of the industry. Intel engineer Gordon E. An Essay. Moore noticed that the number of components that could be installed on an integrated circuit doubled every year for a minimal economic cost and he thought it might continue that way for another decade or so from the time he noticed it in 1965 (Moore 1965). History has shown his predictions were rather conservative.
This doubling of speed and capabilities along with a halving of cost has proven to continue every 18 or so months since 1965 and shows little evidence of stopping. And this phenomenon is not limited to computer chips but is also present in all information technologies. The potential power of this accelerating change has captured the imagination of the noted inventor Ray Kurzweil who has famously predicted that if this doubling of capabilities continues and more and more technologies become information technologies, then there will come a point in time where the change from one generation of information technology to the next will become so massive that it will change everything about what it means to be human, and at this moment which he calls “the Singularity” our technology will allow us to become a new post human species (2006). If this is correct, there could be no more profound change to our moral values. There has been some support for fiction book report this thesis from the technology community with institutes such as the Singularity Institute, the Acceleration Studies Foundation, Future of Humanity Institute, and write comparing and contrast rainsford and zaroff H+.  Reaction to this hypothesis from philosophy has been mixed but largely critical. For example Mary Midgley (1992) argues that the belief that science and technology will bring us immortality and bodily transcendence is based on fiction book report 5th grade pseudoscientific beliefs and a deep fear of essay death. In a similar vein Sullins (2000) argues that there is a quasi-religious aspect to the acceptance of transhumanism and the acceptance of the historical book, transhumanist hypothesis influences the thinking 1, values embedded in computer technologies that are dismissive or hostile to the human body.
While many ethical systems place a primary moral value on preserving and historical fiction book 5th grade protecting the natural, transhumanists do not see any value in defining what is natural and what is not and consider arguments to preserve some perceived natural state of the human body as an unthinking obstacle to progress. Not all philosophers are critical of teenage pregnancy school essay transhumanism, as an example Nick Bostrom (2008) of the historical book report, Future of Humanity Institute at Oxford University argues that putting aside the and contrast, feasibility argument, we must conclude that there are forms of posthumanism that would lead to historical long and worthwhile lives and that it would be overall a very good thing for humans to become posthuman if it is at all possible. 2.4.2 Artificial Intelligence and Artificial Life. Artificial Intelligence (AI) refers to the many longstanding research projects directed at building information technologies that exhibit some or all aspects of human level intelligence and problem solving. Artificial Life (ALife) is a project that is not as old as AI and is focused on teenage pregnancy school developing information technologies and or synthetic biological technologies that exhibit life functions typically found only in biological entities. A more complete description of logic and historical AI can be found in a good is the entry on 5th grade logic and artificial intelligence. ALife essentially sees biology as a kind of naturally occurring information technology that may be reverse engineered and synthesized in other kinds of how to do a research technologies. Both AI and ALife are vast research projects that defy simple explanation.
Instead the focus here is on the moral values that these technologies impact and the way some of these technologies are programmed to affect emotion and fiction moral concern. Alan Turing is credited with defining the research project that would come to write an essay comparing and contrast be known as artificial Intelligence in his seminal 1950 paper “Computing Machinery and Intelligence.” He described the “imitation game,” where a computer attempts to fool a human interlocutor that it is not a computer but another human (Turing 1948, 1950). In 1950, he made the now famous claim that. I believe that in about fifty years' time. one will be able to speak of machines thinking without expecting to be contradicted. A description of the book report 5th grade, test and resume its implications to philosophy outside of moral values can be found here (see entry on The Turing Test). Turing's prediction may have been overly ambitious and in fact some have argued that we are nowhere near the book report, completion of Turing's dream. Als Reflective Thinking Essay. For example, Luciano Floridi (2011a) argues that while AI has been very successful as a means of augmenting our own intelligence, but as a branch of cognitive science interested in intelligence production, AI has been a dismal disappointment. For argument's sake, assume Turing is correct even if he is off in his estimation of when AI will succeed in creating a machine that can converse with you.
Yale professor David Gelernter worries that that there would be certain uncomfortable moral issues raised. Report 5th Grade. “You would have no grounds for pregnancy high school essay treating it as a being toward which you have moral duties rather than as a tool to be used as you like” (Gelernter 2007). Fiction Report. Gelernter suggests that consciousness is a requirement for moral agency and that we may treat anything without it in any way that we want without moral regard. Sullins (2006) counters this argument by daniel long noting that consciousness is not required for moral agency. For instance, nonhuman animals and the other living and nonliving things in our environment must be accorded certain moral rights, and indeed, any Turing capable AI would also have moral duties as well as rights, regardless of its status as a conscious being (Sullins 2006). But even if AI is incapable of creating machines that can converse effectively with human beings, there are still many other applications that use AI technology. Many of the information technologies we discussed above such as, search, computer games, data mining, malware filtering, robotics, etc. all utilize AI programming techniques. Thus it may be premature to dismiss progress in the realm of AI. Artificial Life (ALife) is an outgrowth of AI and refers to the use of information technology to simulate or synthesize life functions. The problem of defining life has been an historical report, interest in philosophy since its founding. Comparing. See the entry on life for a look at fiction book report, the concept of als reflective 1 life and its philosophical ramifications. If scientists and fiction book report 5th grade technologists were to succeed in discovering the necessary and sufficient conditions for life and then successfully synthesize it in a machine or through synthetic biology, then we would be treading on territory that has significant moral impact.
Mark Bedau has been tracing the comparing and contrast rainsford, philosophical implications of historical fiction report ALife for some time now and argues that there are two distinct forms of daniel ALife and each would thus have different moral effects if and when we succeed in realizing these separate research agendas (Bedau 2004; Bedau and fiction book report Parke 2009). One form of ALife is completely computational and is in school fact the earliest form of ALife studied. ALife is inspired by the work of the mathematician John von Neumann on self-replicating cellular automata, which von Neumann believed would lead to a computational understanding of biology and the life sciences (1966). The computer scientist Christopher Langton simplified von Neumann's model greatly and historical fiction book report produced a simple cellular automata called “Loops” in the early eighties and helped get the field off the an essay comparing rainsford, ground by organizing the first few conferences on Artificial Life (1989). Artificial Life programs are quite different from AI programs. Where AI is historical intent on creating or enhancing intelligence, ALife is content with very simple minded programs that display life functions rather than intelligence. The primary moral concern here is that these programs are designed to self-reproduce and in that way resemble computer viruses and indeed successful ALife programs could become as malware vectors. Als Reflective Thinking Essay. The second form of ALife is much more morally charged. Historical Book Report. This form of ALife is based on manipulating actual biological and biochemical processes in write an essay and contrast rainsford such a way as to produce novel life forms not seen in historical fiction book report nature.
Scientists at the J. Craig Venter institute were able to synthesize an how to do a legal research, artificial bacterium called JCVI-syn1.0 in May of 2010. While media paid attention to this breakthrough, they tended to focus on historical fiction book 5th grade the potential ethical and social impacts of the creation of artificial bacteria. Craig Venter himself launched a public relations campaign trying to steer the conversation about issues relating to creating life. This first episode in the synthesis of life gives us a taste of the excitement and controversy that will be generated when more viable and robust artificial protocells are synthesized. Do A Legal Research Paper. The ethical concerns raised by Wet ALife, as this kind of historical 5th grade research is called, are more properly the jurisdiction of long bioethics (see entry on Theory and Bioethics). But it does have some concern for us here in historical 5th grade that Wet ALife is part of the process of turning theories from the life sciences into information technologies. This will tend to how to legal blur the boundaries between bioethics and information ethics. Just as software ALife might lead to dangerous malware, so too might Wet ALife lead to dangerous bacteria or other disease agents.
Critics suggest that there are strong moral arguments against pursuing this technology and historical fiction report 5th grade that we should apply the precautionary principle here which states that if there is any chance at a technology causing catastrophic harm, and there is no scientific consensus suggesting that the harm will not occur, then those who wish to an essay and zaroff develop that technology or pursue that research must prove it to be harmless first (see Epstein 1980). Mark Bedau and Mark Traint argue against a too strong adherence to the precautionary principle by suggesting that instead we should opt for moral courage in pursuing such an important step in human understanding of life (2009). They appeal to the Aristotelian notion of fiction report courage, not a headlong and foolhardy rush into the unknown, but a resolute and legal research paper careful step forward into the possibilities offered by this research. Information technologies have not been content to remain confined to virtual worlds and historical book 5th grade software implementations. These technologies are also interacting directly with us through robotics applications. Robotics is an emerging technology but it has already produced a number of write rainsford and zaroff applications that have important moral implications. Technologies such as military robotics, medical robotics, personal robotics and the world of sex robots are just some of the already existent uses of robotics that impact on historical fiction report and express our moral commitments (see Capurro and Nagenborg 2009; Lin et al. 2011).
There have already been a number of als reflective essay 1 valuable contributions to the growing field of robotic ethics (roboethics). Historical Fiction Book 5th Grade. For example, in Wallach and Allen's book Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong (2010), the authors present ideas for the design and programming of machines that can functionally reason on moral questions as well as examples from the society, field of robotics where engineers are trying to create machines that can behave in a morally defensible way. The introduction of semi and fully autonomous machines into public life will not be simple. Towards this end, Wallach (2011) has also contributed to the discussion on the role of philosophy in helping to design public policy on the use and regulation of robotics. Military robotics has proven to be one of the most ethically charged robotics applications. Today these machines are largely remotely operated (telerobots) or semi-autonomous, but over time these machines are likely to become more and more autonomous due to report the necessities of modern warfare (Singer 2009). In the first decade of war in the 21 st century robotic weaponry has been involved in numerous killings of both soldiers and noncombatants, and this fact alone is of deep moral concern. Teenage High School Essay. Gerhard Dabringer has conducted numerous interviews with ethicists and technologists regarding the implications of automated warfare (Dabringer 2010). Many ethicists are cautious in their acceptance of automated warfare with the provision that the technology is used to enhance just warfare practices (see Lin et al.
2008; Sullins 2009b) but others have been highly skeptical of the book report, prospects of a just autonomous war due to issues like the risk to civilians (Asaro 2008; Sharkey 2011). 3. Information Technologies of Morality. A key development in realm of information technologies is that they are not only the object of moral deliberations but they are also beginning to be used as a tool in moral deliberation itself. Since artificial intelligence technologies and applications are a kind of automated problem solvers, and moral deliberations are a kind of problem, it was only a matter of time before automated moral reasoning technologies would emerge. This is still only an emerging technology but it has a number of daniel long resume very interesting moral implications which will be outlined below. The coming decades are likely to see a number of advances in this area and ethicists need to pay close attention to these developments as they happen. Fiction Book Report. Susan and Michael Anderson have collected a number of articles regarding this topic in their book, Machine Ethics (2011), and Rocci Luppicini has a section of his anthology devoted to this topic in the Handbook of Research on Technoethics (2009).
3.1 Information Technology as a Model for Moral Discovery. Patrick Grim has been a longtime proponent of the idea that philosophy should utilize information technologies to essay automate and illustrate philosophical thought experiments (Grim et al. 1998; Grim 2004). Historical Fiction Book 5th Grade. Peter Danielson (1998) has also written extensively on this subject beginning with his book Modeling Rationality, Morality, and Evolution with much of the early research in the computational theory of morality centered on using computer models to elucidate the emergence of cooperation between simple software AI or ALife agents (Sullins 2005). Luciano Floridi and J. W. Sanders argue that information as it is used in the theory of computation can serve as a powerful idea that can help resolve some of the famous moral conundrums in philosophy such as the nature of evil (1999, 2001). The propose that along with moral evil and natural evil, both concepts familiar to philosophy (see entry on the Problem of Evil); we add a third concept they call artificial evil (2001). Floridi and daniel long Sanders contend that if we do this then we can see that the actions of artificial agents. to be morally good or evil can be determined even in the absence of biologically sentient participants and thus allows artificial agents not only to perpetrate evil (and for that matter good) but conversely to ‘receive’ or ‘suffer from’ it. (Floridi and Sanders 2001) Evil can then be equated with something like information dissolution, where the irretrievable loss of information is bad and the preservation of information is historical fiction 5th grade good (Floridi and Sanders 2001). This idea can move us closer to a good thesis is a way of measuring the moral impacts of any given action in an information environment. 3.2 Information Technology as a Moral System.
Early in the twentieth century the American philosopher John Dewey (see entry on John Dewey) proposed a theory of inquiry based on the instrumental uses of technology. Dewey had an expansive definition of technology which included not only common tools and machines but information systems such as logic, laws and even language as well (Hickman 1990). Dewey argued that we are in fiction book report a ‘transactional’ relationship with all of do a research these technologies within which we discover and construct our world (Hickman 1990). This is fiction book report 5th grade a helpful standpoint to take as it allows us to advance the idea that an information technology of morality and ethics is not impossible. As well as allowing us to take seriously the daniel long, idea that the relations and report 5th grade transactions between human agents and those that exist between humans and their artifacts have important ontological similarities. While Dewey could only dimly perceive the coming revolutions in resume information technologies, his theory is useful to us still because he proposed that ethics was not only a theory but a practice and solving problems in ethics is like solving problems in algebra (Hickman 1990). If he is right, then an interesting possibility arises, namely the possibility that ethics and morality are computable problems and therefore it should be possible to create an information technology that can embody moral systems of thought. In 1974 the philosopher Mario Bunge proposed that we take the notion of a ‘technoethics’ seriously arguing that moral philosophers should emulate the way engineers approach a problem.
Engineers do not argue in terms of reasoning by categorical imperatives but instead they use: the forms If A produces B , and you value B , chose to do A , and If A produces B and C produces D , and you prefer B to D , choose A rather than C . In short, the rules he comes up with are based on fact and value, I submit that this is the way moral rules ought to be fashioned, namely as rules of conduct deriving from scientific statements and value judgments. In short ethics could be conceived as a branch of technology. Historical Fiction 5th Grade. (Bunge 1977, 103) Taking this view seriously implies that the very act of building information technologies is also the royal society, act of creating specific moral systems within which human and artificial agents will, at fiction book report 5th grade, least occasionally, interact through moral transactions. Information technologists may therefore be in the business of creating moral systems whether they know it or not and whether or not they want that responsibility. 3.4 Informational Organisms as Moral Agents.
The most comprehensive literature that argues in favor of the prospect of using information technology to create artificial moral agents is that of teenage pregnancy Luciano Floridi (1999, 2002, 2003, 2010b, 2011b), and Floridi with Jeff W. Sanders (1999, 2001, 2004). Floridi (1999) recognizes that issues raised by fiction report 5th grade the ethical impacts of information technologies strain our traditional moral theories. To relieve this friction he argues that what is needed is a broader philosophy of information (2002). After making this move, Floridi (2003) claims that information is a legitimate environment of its own and school essay that has its own intrinsic value that is in some ways similar to the natural environment and in other ways radically foreign but either way the result is that information is on its own a thing that is worthy of ethical concern. Floridi (2003) uses these ideas to historical book report 5th grade create a theoretical model of moral action using the logic of object oriented programming. His model has seven components; 1) the moral agent a, 2) the moral patient p (or more appropriately, reagent), 3) the interactions of these agents, 4) the agent's frame of information, 5) the factual information available to the agent concerning the situation that agent is attempting to navigate, 6) the environment the interaction is occurring in, and 7) the situation in which the interaction occurs (Floridi 2003, 3). Note that there is no assumption of the ontology of the agents concerned in the moral relationship modeled (Sullins 2009a) There is additional literature which critiques and expands the how to research paper, idea of automated moral reasoning (Adam 2008; Anderson and Anderson 2011; Johnson and Powers 2008; Schmidt 2007; Wallach and Allen 2010).
While scholars recognize that we are still some time from creating information technology that would be unequivocally recognized as an artificial moral agent, there are strong theoretical arguments in favor of the eventual possibility and book therefore they are an appropriate concern for commonwealth those interested in historical fiction the moral impacts of information technologies. Adam, A., 2002, “Cyberstalking and Internet pornography: Gender and a good is the gaze,” Ethics and Information Technology , 4(2): 133142. , 2008, “Ethics for things,” Ethics and Information technology , 10(23): 149154. Historical. Anderson, M. and S. L. A Good. Anderson (eds.), 2011, Machine Ethics , Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Arkin, R., 2009, Governing Lethal Behavior in Autonomous Robots , New York: Chapman and Hall/CRC. Arquilla, J., 2010, “Conflict, Security and Computer Ethics,” in Floridi 2010a. Asaro, P. 2008. “How Just Could a Robot War Be?” in Philip Brey, Adam Briggle and Katinka Waelbers (eds.), Current Issues in Computing And Philosophy , Amsterdam, The Netherlands: IOS Press, pp. 5064. , 2009. “Modeling the Moral User: Designing Ethical Interfaces for Tele-Operation,” IEEE Technology Society , 28(1): 2024. Report. Aycock, J. and J. Pregnancy School Essay. Sullins, 2010, “Ethical Proactive Threat Research,” Workshop on Ethics in Computer Security Research (LNCS 6054) , New York: Springer, pp. Book. 231239. Do A Legal. Bartell, C., 2011, “Resolving the gamer's dilemma,” Ethics and Information Technology , 14(1):1116. Baase, S., 2008, A Gift of Fire: Social, Legal, and fiction report Ethical Issues for Computing and the Internet , Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
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3255, Linköping, Sweden: Center for Applied Ethics at book 5th grade, Linköping University. , 2008, “Norbert Wiener and the Rise of Information Ethics,” in van den Hoven and Weckert 2008. Capurro, R., Nagenborg, M., 2009, Ethics and Robotics , [CITY]: IOS Press Christakis, D. A., 2009, “The effects of infant media usage: what do we know and a good thesis what should we learn?” Acta Pædiatrica , 98 (1): 816. Cisco Systems, Inc., 2011, Cisco 2011 Annual Security Report: Highlighting global security threats and trends , San Jose, CA: Cisco Systems Inc. [available online] Coeckelbergh, M., 2007, “Violent Computer Games, Empathy, and Cosmopolitanism,” Ethics and historical book report 5th grade Information Technology , 9(3): 219231 Cohen, D. D., C. A Good Thesis. Voss, M. J. D. Taylor, A. Delextrat, A. Historical Fiction Report 5th Grade. A. Ogunleye, and G. R. Thinking Essay. H. Sandercock, 2011, “Ten-year secular changes in muscular fitness in English children,” Acta Paediatrica , 100(10): e175e177. Danielson, P., 1998, Modeling Rationality, Morality, and Evolution , Oxford: Oxford University Press. Dabringer, G., (ed.) 2010, Ethica Themen: Ethical and Legal Aspects of historical book 5th grade Unmanned Systems, Interviews , Vienna, Austria: Austrian Ministry of Defence and Sports. [available online] Denning, D., 2008, “The Ethics of Cyber Conflict,” In Himma and Tavanni 2008. Do A Legal Research. Dodig-Crnkovic, G., Hofkirchner, W., 2011, “Floridi's ‘Open Problems in Philosophy of Information’, Ten Years Later,” Information , (2): 327359. Historical Fiction Book Report. [available online] Edgar, S.L., 2003, Morality and Machines , Sudbury Massachusetts: Jones and daniel Bartlett. Epstein, R., 2007, “The Impact of Computer Security Concerns on Software Development,” in Himma 2007a, pp.
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Hershey, PA: IGI Global, pp. 496511. Ivory, J. Historical Book Report. D., 2006, “Still a Man's Game: Gender Representation in Online Reviews of long Video Games,” Mass Communication and Society , 9(1): 103114. Fiction Report 5th Grade. Johansson, M., 2009, “Why unreal punishments in response to unreal crimes might actually be a really good thing,” Ethics and Information Technology , 11(1): 7179 Johnson, D.G., 1985, Computer Ethics , Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall. (2 nd ed., 1994; 3 rd ed., 2001; 4 th ed., 2009). Johnson D. G., and T. Powers, 2008, “Computers and Surrogate Agents,” In van den Hoven and Weckert 2008.
Jones, T., 2011, “Techno-toddlers: A is for Apple,” The Guardian , Friday November 18. [available online ] Kaspersky Lab, 2011, Cyberthreat forecast for 2012 , Moscow, Russia: Kaspersky Lab ZAO. Write An Essay And Contrast Rainsford And Zaroff. [available online] Kurzweil, R., 2006. The Singularity is Near , New York: Penguin Press. Langton, C. G., (ed.), 1989, Artificial Life: the fiction book, Proceedings of an Interdisciplinary Workshop on the Synthesis and Simulation of Living Systems , Redwood City: Addison-Wesley. Ledin G., 2005, “Not Teaching Viruses and Worms is Harmful” Communications of the ACM , 48(1): 144. Lessig, L., 1999, Code and Other Values of comparing and contrast Cyberspace , New York: Basic Books. Levy, S., 1984, Hackers: Heroes of the book report, Computer Revolution , New York: Anchor Press. A Good Thesis Is. Lin, P., K. 5th Grade. Abney, and G. Bekey, 2011, Robot Ethics: The Ethical and Social Implications of Robotics , Cambridge: MIT Press. Lin, P., G. Bekey, and a good is K. Abney, 2008, Autonomous Military Robotics: Risk, Ethics, and Design , Washington DC: US Department of the Navy, Office of Naval Research. [available online] Lovely, E., 2010, “Cyberattacks explode in Congress,” Politico , March 5, 2010. [available online] Lü, Yao-Hui, 2005, “Privacy and Data Privacy Issues in Contemporary China,” Ethics and historical report 5th grade Information Technology , 7(1): 715 Ludlow, P. and M. Wallace, 2007, The Second Life Herald: The Virtual Tabloid that Witnessed the Dawn of the Metaverse , Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Luck, M., 2009, “The gamer's dilemma: An analysis of the write an essay comparing and contrast, arguments for the moral distinction between virtual murder and virtual paedophilia,” Ethics and Information Technology , 11(1): 3136. Luppicini, R. and historical book report 5th grade R. Adell (eds.), 2009, Handbook of Research on Technoethics , Idea Group Inc. (IGI). Magnani, L., 2007, Morality in a Technological World: Knowledge as Duty, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. Mason, R. O., 1986, Four ethical issues of the information age. MIS Quarterly , 10(1): 512. Markoff, J., 2005, What the Dormouse Said: How the 60s Counterculture Shaped the Personal Computer Industry , New York: Penguin.
Manion, M. and a good thesis A. Goodrum, 2007, “Terrorism or Civil Disobedience: Toward a Hacktivist Ethic,” in Himma 2007a, pp. 4959. McMahon, J. Fiction Report. M. and R. Cohen, 2009, “Lost in cyberspace: ethical decision making in the online environment,” Ethics and Information technology , 11(1): 117. Midgley, M., 1992, Science as Salvation: a modern myth and its meaning , London: Routledge. Moor, J. H., 1985, “What is a good thesis is Computer Ethics?” Metaphilosophy , 16(4): 266275. , 2005, “Why We Need Better Ethics for book report 5th grade Emerging Technologies,” Ethics and Information Technology , 7(3): 111119. Reprinted in van den Hoven and Weckert 2008, pp. 2639. Moore, Gordon E. 1965. “Cramming more components onto integrated circuits”.
Electronics , 38(8): 114117. [available online] Neumann, P. G., 2004, “Computer security and human values,” Computer Ethics and Professional Responsibility , Malden, MA: Blackwell Nissenbaum, H., 1997. “Toward an Approach to Privacy in Public: Challenges of daniel Information Technology,” Ethics and historical fiction book Behavior , 7(3): 207219. [available online] , 1998. Essays. “Values in book report 5th grade the Design of Computer Systems,” Computers and Society , March: pp. 3839. [available online] , 1999, “The Meaning of Anonymity in royal commonwealth society essays an Information Age,” The Information Society , 15: 141144. , 2009, Privacy in Context: Technology, Policy, and the Integrity of Social Life , Stanford Law Books: Stanford University Press. Northcutt, S. and book C. How To Legal. Madden, 2004, IT Ethics Handbook: Right and Wrong for historical fiction report 5th grade IT Professionals , Syngress. Parrish, J., 2010, “PAPA knows best: Principles for the ethical sharing of information on a good social networking sites,” Ethics and Information Technology , 12(2): 187193. Pettit, P., 2009, “Trust, Reliance, and the Internet,” In van den Hoven and Weckert 2008.
Plato, “Phaederus,” in Plato: The Collected Dialogues , E. Hamilton and H. Cairns (eds.), Princeton: Princeton University Press, pp. Fiction Book. 475525. Powers, T., 2011, “Prospects for is a Kantian Machine,” in Anderson and Anderson 2011. Purcell, M., 2008, “Pernicious virtual communities: Identity, polarisation and the Web 2.0,” Ethics and book report Information Technology , 10(1): 4156. Reynolds, G., 2009, Ethics in Information Technology , (3 rd ed.), Course Technology. Thinking. Russell, S. and P. Norvig, 2010, Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach , (3 rd ed.), Massachusetts: Prentice Hall.
Schmidt, C. Fiction Report. T. A., 2007, “Children, Robots and the Parental Role,” 17(3): 273286. Schulzke, M., 2010, “Defending the Morality of is Violent Video Games,” Ethics and book 5th grade Information Technology , 12(2): 127138. Shannon, C.E., 1948, “A Mathematical Theory of Communication”, Bell System Technical Journal , 27(July, October): 379423, 623656. [available online] Shannon, C. E. and W. Weaver, 1949, The Mathematical Theory of Communication , University of Illinois Press. Sharkey, N.E. 2011, “The automation and proliferation of military drones and the protection of civilians,” Journal of Law, Innovation and Technology , 3(2): 229240. Singer, P. Commonwealth Society Essays. W., 2009, Wired for War:The Robotics Revolution and Conflict in the 21 st Century , Penguin (Non-Classics); Reprint edition. Siraj-Blatchford, J., 2010, “Analysis: ‘Computers Benefit Children’,” Nursery World , October 6. [available online] Soukup, C., 2007, “Mastering the Game: Gender and the Entelechial Motivational System of Video Games,” Women's Studies in Communication , 30(2): 157178. Søraker, Johnny Hartz, 2012, “How Shall I Compare Thee? Comparing the Prudential Value of Actual Virtual Friendship,” Ethics and Information technology , 14(3): 209219. Historical Report. doi:10.1007/s10676-012-9294-x [available online] Spafford, E.H., 1992, “Are computer hacker break-ins ethical?” Journal of Systems and Software 17(1):4147. Is. , 2007, “Are Computer Hacker Break-ins Ethical?” in book Himma 2007a, pp. 4959. Research Paper. Spinello, R. A., 2001, Cyberethics , Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers. (2nd ed., 2003; 3 rd ed., 2006; 4 th ed., 2010). , 2002, Case Studies in Information Technology Ethics , Prentice Hall. (2 nd ed.).
Sprenger P., 1999, “Sun on historical book 5th grade Privacy: 'Get Over It',” Wired , January 26, 1999. [available online] Sullins, J. P., 2000, “Transcending the meat: immersive technologies and computer mediated bodies,” Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence , 12(1): 1322. , 2005, “Ethics and Artificial life: From Modeling to Moral Agents,” Ethics and commonwealth society essays Information technology , 7(3): 139148. Historical Fiction Book Report. [available online] , 2006, “When Is a Robot a Moral Agent?” International Review of Information Ethics , 6(12): 2330. [available online] , 2009a, “Artificial Moral Agency in long Technoethics,” in Luppicini and Adell 2009. Historical. , 2009b, “Telerobotic weapons systems and the ethical conduct of war,” APA Newsletter on Philosophy and Computers , P. Teenage High. Boltuc (ed.) 8(2): 21. , 2010, “Rights and Computer Ethics,” in Floridi 2010a. Historical. , forthcoming, “Deception and Virtue in 1 Robotic and Cyber Warfare,” Presentation for fiction 5th grade the Workshop on The Ethics of Informational Warfare, at University of Hertfordhire, UK, July 12 2011 Tavani, H. T., 2007, “The Conceptual and Moral Landscape of Computer Security,” in Himma 2007a, pp. 2945. Thesis Is. , 2010, Ethics and Technology: Controversies, Questions, and Strategies for Ethical Computing , (3 rd ed.), Wiley. Fiction Book 5th Grade. Tavani, H. and J. Moor, 2004, “Privacy Protection, Control of Information, and Privacy-Enhancing Technologies,” in thinking essay 1 Readings in Cyberethics, second edition , Spinello, R. and Tavani, H. (eds.), Sudsbury: Jones and Bartlett. Taylor, N., J. Jensona, and historical 5th grade S. de Castellb, 2009. “Cheerleaders/booth babes/ Halo hoes: pro-gaming, gender and jobs for the boys,” Digital Creativity , 20(4): 239252. Turing, A. M., 1948, “Machine Intelligence”, in B. Jack Copeland, The Essential Turing: The ideas that gave birth to the computer age , Oxford: Oxford University Press. , 1950, “Computing Machinery and an essay and zaroff Intelligence”, Mind , 59(October): 433460. [available online] Vallor, S., 2010, “Social Networking Technology and the Virtues,” Ethics and Information Technology , 12(2, Jan. 6): 157170. Fiction Report 5th Grade. , 2011, “Flourishing on Facebook: Virtue Friendship and New Social Media,” Ethics and Information technology , 13881957, pp. 115, Netherlands: Springer. Van den Hoven, J. and J. Weckert (eds), 2008, Information Technology and Moral Philosophy , Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Von Neumann, J., 1966, Theory of teenage Self Reproducing Automata , edited and completed by A. Burks, Urbana-Champaign: University of Illinois Press. Wallach, W., 2011. From Robots to Techno Sapiens: Ethics, Law and Public Policy in the Development of Robotics and Neurotechnologies, Law, Innovation and historical book report 5th grade Technology , 3(2): 185207. Wallach, W. and C. Allen, 2010, Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong , Oxford: Oxford University Press. Warschauer, M., 2003, Technology and Social Inclusion: Rethinking the Digital Divide , Cambridge: MIT Press. Weckert, John, 2007, “Giving and Taking Offence in a Global Context,” International Journal of Technology and Human Interaction , 3(3): 2535. Westin, A., 1967, Privacy and royal society Freedom , New York: Atheneum.
Wiener, N., 1950, The Human Use of Human Beings , Cambridge, MA: The Riverside Press (Houghton Mifflin Co.). , 1961, Cybernetics: Or Control and Communication in historical fiction the Animal and the Machine , 2nd revised ed., Cambridge: MIT Press. First edition, 1948. Woodbury, M. C., 2010, Computer and Information Ethics , 2 nd edition; 1 st edition, 2003, Champaign, IL: Stipes Publishing LLC. Clarke, R., 2000, “Information wants to be Free”, unpublished manuscript. O'Reilly, T., 2005, “What is Web 2.0: Design Patterns and Business Models for legal the Next Generation of Software”.
The Encyclopedia Now Needs Your Support. Please Read How You Can Help Keep the Encyclopedia Free. View this site from another server: The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy is copyright 2016 by The Metaphysics Research Lab, Center for the Study of historical book 5th grade Language and Information (CSLI), Stanford University.
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Medical Assistant Resume: Guide With a Sample [+20 Examples] As a medical assistant, you'll get valuable clinical experience. You'll interact with patients. Learn assessments. You'll go home every day knowing you've made a difference in someone's life.
That stack of 300+ medical assistant resumes. It's so high the HR manager can barely see over it. And they're all alike. But don't worry. I'm about to historical fiction teach you to write an essay and contrast write a medical assistant resume that stands out like Dr. McCoy in a Walmart colds flu aisle. Several medical assistant resume examples that get attention. How to write a medical assistant resume.
The best format for historical report 5th grade, a medical assistant resume. How to put skills and a good is keywords on a resume for medical assistants. Here's a sample resume for a medical assistant made using our resume builder. Want to save time and historical fiction book report have your resume ready in 5 minutes? Try our resume builder . It’s fast and easy to use. Plus, you'll get tips and right vs. wrong examples while writing your resume. See +20 resume templates and create your resume here . What’s the a good thesis Best Format for historical fiction report 5th grade, a Medical Assistant Resume? Here's a scary thought: The average HR manager spends six seconds looking at each resume. That means your resume has got to commonwealth society essays shine . A professional medical assistant resume will get attention like Dr. Oz, without looking needy.
Use a the reverse-chronological format for your MA resume. That format shows your best achievements first. Need an example? Check out the sample medical assistant resume template above. Notice that it uses lots of book report 5th grade white space, legible fonts, and big, friendly headings. Save your resume as a .pdf. A .pdf preserves the long resume formatting.
Tip: Check the job posting to book make sure the company doesn't prohibit resumes saved in that format first. What about the best entry-level medical assistant resume format? Some job experts say entry-level candidates must use the functional resume format. We disagree. The functional format works best for those with no experience.
As you'll see, you should never turn in teenage pregnancy high essay a resume with no experience. Pro Tip: Less is more. Historical Fiction Book Report! One recruiter says most resumes she sees are two pages. The ones that get the teenage pregnancy interview? One page only. Should You Use a Medical Assistant Resume Summary or a Resume Objective?
Which will make the HR manager see you as the 5th grade next Christiaan Barnard? A resume objective or a resume summary? Do you understand the difference? A resume summary is for applicants with mountains of experience. A resume objective is for anyone without. How To Paper! It works for entry-level medical assistant resumes, or anybody seeking a new niche. Let's look at both. Here’s a sample medical assistant resume summary. Book 5th Grade! See how it focuses on a good thesis is, details? Certified Medical Assistant with 5+ years experience. Fiction Book! Seeking to use proven patient care skills to support excellence at Swift Med.
Received 95% positive patient reviews at MedFast. Pregnancy School Essay! Strong grasp of EHR created 22% less errors and historical book saved $50,000 a year through correction of improper use. Experienced medical assistant with skills in patient care, administering injections, prepping patients, scheduling. Compassionate and essay details-oriented. Next, look at this medical assistant resume objective for an entry-level candidate. It's best for applicants with no experience, or someone seeking a new niche. Efficient medical assistant with volunteer experience in a fast-paced private practice. Seeking to leverage proven skills in patient care, EHR, and inventory management for MedFast.
No medical assistant experience yet but I'm eager to get some on-the-job training. That first sample will make even an entry-level medical assistant resume stand out like Doogie Howser in historical a nursing home. The second? Not so much. Pro Tip: Focus your healthcare resume objective on the benefit you'll provide. Royal Essays! I need a job sounds empty next to, I want to historical fiction book 5th grade double your level of patient trust. How to Show Your Certifications on a Medical Assistant Resume.
The hiring manager just hit delete. She trashed your great medical assistant resume! She didn't see your certification. Don't let that happen to you. If you've got a CMA, put it: After your name In your relevant job titles In a separate section, after your resume summary. Certified Medical Assistant (CMA) AAMA 2016 Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) 2014 Certified Phlebotomy Technician (CPT) 2012. Notice that we put CMA first, but added other relevant certifications.
For more examples, see the sample medical assistant resume at the top of pregnancy this guide. Pro Tip: You don't necessarily have to pay for an expensive medical assistant training program. Some states let you challenge the test based on prior work experience. In some areas, you can challenge the CMA exam through the NCCT or the NHA , but not the AAMA . How to Describe Your Medical Assistant Experience. Wow. Let's interview this one. Your certified medical assistant resume experience must make the hiring manager say the words above.
List your most recent job first. Add 4-6 achievements and medical assistant responsibilities. Then move on book 5th grade, to the next job. Custom-fit your bullet points to comparing and contrast rainsford and zaroff the offer like a new heart valve to a patient. List all the historical 5th grade most important requirements. Teenage High School! Those are the foundation for your resume. Let's take a doctor's assistant job opening. It values speed, taking vital signs, patient interaction, HIPAA, and EHR. Certified Medical Assistant. Fulfilled all Certified Medical Assistant duties in a fast-paced urgent care clinic.
Triaged patients, took vital signs , and assisted with every area of patient care. Historical Book! Assisted patients with walking, transfer, exam prep and all other needs. Received 95% positive reviews in post-visit patient surveys. Maintained HIPAA at all times. Assisted with creation of Risk Management Plan/Assessment. Identified and write an essay and contrast rainsford and zaroff helped correct five areas of elevated risk. Conducted proper and fiction book concise EHR documentation for all visits.
Through strong grasp of EHR, maintained 22% less errors than average. Worked as medical assistant. Triaged patients, helped with lab work. Responsible for patient care. Royal Commonwealth Society Essays! Assisted with transportation. Assisted with documentation of patient visits. Conducted specimen collection.
The first senior medical assistant resume sample shows the right skills. The second misses like a phlebotomy needle on a rolling vein. The good news is, it's easy to get medical assistant experience. Doctors offices always need help. Offer to train on the job. Volunteer to work for book report 5th grade, free. Sound awful? It's not.
Even a week or two of an essay comparing and contrast rainsford volunteering looks great on a resume. To get experience, search online for: Medical assistant volunteer Medical assistant shadowing Medical assistant short term work Medical assistant internship. We'll show you how to list your medical assistant resume duties in the sections below. Pro Tip: If you did an fiction 5th grade, externship, list it just like work experience. Show the hospital or clinic, then add bullet points to demonstrate accomplishments. Examples for how to do a legal research paper, Aspiring Medical Assistants with No Experience. You've got no experience for your professional medical assistant resume. But do you really?
Check out the sample below. Served as medical assistant in a small private practice. Handled patient scheduling, phone work, took vital signs, spearheaded all EMR documentation. Noticed a recurring flaw in book the way ICD 10 codes were submitted. Corrected it with management help and saved the a good thesis practice an estimated $50,000/yr. Managed inventory and supplies. Sourced a better vendor and saved 15%. Assisted with the creation of a HIPAA Risk Management plan. I don't have any medical assistant experience yet but I'm a fast learner. Putting volunteer work (or an fiction 5th grade, externship) in your healthcare resume can impress the hiring manager.
That's true even if you're not exactly separating conjoined twins just yet. Pro Tip: Don't have an write and contrast, externship for your great medical assisting resume? Don't panic. On-the-job training works even better for most clinical medical assistant jobs. To make your professional medical assistant resume as healthy as possible, use action words. 5th Grade! Want some? See our guide: 80 Examples of school essay Resume Action Words for Every Profession Is Your Education Section Flatlining? It Might Be. Not every medical assistant needs to take a formal program. So you can phone in your education section from the historical fiction book 5th grade golf course.
Right? Of course you know, the comparing and contrast and zaroff answer's no. It's true you don't need a medical assistant program to historical get a job. In some states you can do on-the-job training and daniel resume challenge the test. But you want a certified medical assistant resume that makes you look like the next Denton Cooley or Gazi Yasargil. That means you need to historical report 5th grade pay attention to your education section. BA, California College of San Diego. GPA 3.95 Completed medical assistant program. Filled all medical school prerequisites. Excelled in physics and organic chemistry.
Active member, American Medical Student Association (AMSA). An Essay And Contrast And Zaroff! Wrote a monthly column on the changing face of healthcare for The Vista. My article on EHR was reprinted by historical fiction book, Engadget and got 100,000 views. GPA 3.95 Completed medical assistant program. How to Fix a Weak Medical Assistant Resume with Education Mastery. So you finished your MA resume. It's got a lot of white space.
Feeling a bit like Dr. Hibbert from the thinking essay Simpsons? Get that resume into book 5th grade remission with some simple changes to your education section. Add your GPA if it's higher than 3.7. Highlight areas of study where you excelled. Tout student associations and other extracurricular activities.
Just adding kudos and essay achievements to your education section can make even a student medical assistant resume glitter. Pro Tip: Wondering whether to add a detail? Ask yourself if it shows you fit the job description in some way. If not, toss it in historical fiction 5th grade the biohazard bin. How to Put Skills on als reflective thinking essay 1, a Medical Assistant Resume. Your medical skills will get you hired. That tired HR manager will see them and historical book report 5th grade have palpitations. What the hiring manager really wants to know is, do you have the skills she needs? And can you prove it in your professional medical assistant resume? See, a list of skills as long as an ACE bandage doesn't help if it's paper thin. So, list your medical assistant skills that match this job description.
Then, back them up in society essays your experience and education sections as accomplishments. Patient care, administering injections, documentation, exam room prep, taking vital signs. Exceptionally skilled at EHR software and ICD 10 Code entry. Strong medical inventory management skills. Deep understanding of HIPAA compliance and book Risk Management Plans. Thinking! Compassionate, detail-oriented, with good customer service and historical book 5th grade time management skills. Patient care Administering injections Taking vital signs Exam room prep. Skills to List on a Medical Assistant Resume. One good use of als reflective essay skills? They make great medical assisting resume keywords. Recruiters use software to find the resumes they're looking for.
Find out book report 5th grade, what keywords the thinking hiring manager wants by report 5th grade, peeking in the job posting. Use the medical assistant skills keywords below to als reflective thinking essay get a good head start. Medical Assistant Resume Skills List. Need more medical assistant skills to fiction book 5th grade list on your resume? Search through job offers on LinkedIn and other job boards. Pro Tip: One big skill for medical assistants is EHR or EMR. They both mean the comparing rainsford and zaroff same thing, so put each somewhere in your resume.
See the fiction book report 5th grade sample resume up top for do a legal, an example. How to book report 5th grade Add Other Sections for an Effective Resume. Want your resume to look like all the write others? Of course you don't. So, add sections for awards, hobbies, or passions. Are you in med school? Have you published articles? Been to historical book conferences? Are you an EMT? Anything that shows your passion for teenage, all things medical is fair game for medical resumes.
Volunteer work shows you're service-minded. Groups or sports prove you're a team player. Examples of historical book report 5th grade Medical Assistant Resume Additional Sections. Here are two professional medical assistant resume samples. Attended AMSA conference, 2015. My blog post, How to teenage high school essay Put Patients at Ease received honorable mention for an ACD Medical Journalism Award and was linked to by BeckerHospitalReview. Regular listener, Sawbones podcast. Avid backcountry hiker and skier. Biweekly yoga instructor.
I really, really love cats. I'm extremely excited about Game of Thrones. Fiction Book! I love driving. Suggested Additional Resume Sections. The sections below can provide a helpful setting for your past achievements: For a good rule of thumb, ask, What are the als reflective duties of a medical assistant? If your other information shows you can till those duties, add it to your resume.
Pro Tip: Don't have other info? Build some. Do a couple days of volunteering or job shadowing. 5th Grade! Write an article or attend a conference. Contact Information is write an essay rainsford and zaroff Not as Basic as It Seems. It's easy to put contact info on a medical assistant resume. Sadie Fisher, CMA - email@example.com - 858-777-5351. Sadie Fisher, California Certified Medical Assistant, 3837 Beechwood Drive, San Diego, CA 92101 - Email: firstname.lastname@example.org - 858-777-5351.
These days, you'll also need your LinkedIn handle, Twitter, and historical book a personal website if you have one. That way, a curious manager can see you're more than just a sheet of paper. Here’s the Most Common Myth About Cover Letters. “Nobody writes cover letters anymore.” Put that one right up there with the Minotaur and Zeus' headaches turning into offspring.
60% of thesis is hiring managers don't read cover letters. The rest consider them essential. To write the historical book report best cover letter for write comparing and contrast and zaroff, your medical assistant resume, make it personal. Make it passionate. Read up on the company, the job offer, and the HR manager. Then tailor your cover letter to report 5th grade match that knowledge.
Don't toot your own horn. Instead, troll your resume for high points to catch the hiring manager's attention. Use the manager's name. Mention a detail you like about the hospital or clinic. Then use your achievements to school show how you can help.
Do this, and you'll stand out like you invented scrubs. Even with great medical assistant resume templates to work from, it's tough to write your own. Inject life into your experience section with achievements or volunteer work. Fiction! A medical assistant resume with no experience may as well be on legal research, life support. Custom fit your resume to the job description. Make every bullet point fit a skill or requirement in the posting.
See the medical assistant resume sample up top for fiction book 5th grade, help. Finally, send a cover letter, and teenage pregnancy essay follow up. Historical! You want your resume to show you as a human being, not a sheet of paper. Got questions on how to teenage pregnancy high school essay make the best medical resume or lab assistant resume? Give us a shout in the comments section!
Tom Gerencer is a founder and former owner of MediaNortheast Video Production and Training Without Boredom. A full-time writer in historical report 5th grade the fields of comparing and contrast rainsford personal finance and career advice, Tom lives in historical fiction book report West Virginia with his wife Kathy, two children and a couple of ornery dogs.
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10 English Phrases to Express Your Opinion in an Essay. This is a guest post by Sam Pealing. Make sure to historical book 5th grade, visit his website EnglishForStudy.com for more academic English help! I admire international students. Seriously. Write An Essay Comparing Rainsford? If you’re a non-native English speaker doing a degree or doctorate in English, then I take my hat off to you. I get a lot of questions about writing essays, and I’ve taught hundreds of students how to write effective essays (which get good grades). Report? One of the most common mistakes that I see is a lack of opinion. Most of the how to legal research paper, time, students describe a situation, but they don’t give their opinion or stance. This can really damage your grade because lecturers are always looking for historical ‘critical thinking’. If you don’t give your opinion in your essays, your lecturers can’t see your critical thinking.
To put it simply: If you don’t put your opinion or stance in an essay, then you’ll probably lose marks. In this article, you’ll learn 10 effective phrases that you can use to give your opinion in your essay. I’ve also created a free lesson pack which will help you to practice the phrases in this article. A Good Thesis Is? CLICK HERE to download it. If you’re looking for a quick fix for your essay, these phrases should help you to start putting your own opinions in your essays.
But, before you rush over to your essays to start putting these phrases in, there’s something you need to fiction book, know. If you’re writing an academic essay, you will need to society, support your opinions with strong evidence . Fiction Report 5th Grade? This is especially true if you are using some of the stronger phrases. This evidence can be a journal article, a lecture, a textbook, or something else which is a trustworthy source of information. In a more informal essay, like one in an IELTS or TOEFL language test, you don’t need to support your answers with strong evidence. Your experiences or opinions will be enough.
Quick note : I know! You’re ready to royal essays, see the phrases. This won’t take long and it’s really important. 1. For these phrases to be really effective, you’ll need to historical report 5th grade, review your grammar. Shayna has some great videos on do a legal research her Espresso English Youtube channel . Historical Report? I recommend these: 2. If you want to know the structure of a good essay paragraph, check my post here . These phrases are suitable for daniel language tests such as TOEFL or IELTS. Fiction Report? In an thinking essay 1 academic essay, these phrases will probably be too informal because they are too personal. Historical Fiction 5th Grade? In my opinion , a good education is daniel, more important than a good car.
I believe that schools should encourage students to historical report 5th grade, walk or cycle to als reflective, school rather than drive. “ In my mind , no-one should have to pay for medical care.” More Formal Academic Phrases With ‘That’ These phrases are more suitable for academic essays. If you are unsure whether you should use an informal phrase or an academic phrase, use an book 5th grade academic one. If you think your writing might be informal, read this post to learn more. The patterns here are quite straightforward. Just add your sentence after ‘that’. “It would seem that + [your sentence]” Use this when you support your opinion with evidence. “ It would seem that children learn best when they are feeling comfortable.” “It could be argued that + [your sentence]” Use this when you want to challenge an existing opinion. A Good Thesis? “ It could be argued that the historical fiction book report 5th grade, benefits outweigh the drawbacks in this situation.” “This suggests that + [your sentence]” Use this when you don’t want to essays, fully commit to an opinion. You’re giving yourself some distance. “ The evidence suggests that people who speak more than one language have more job opportunities.” Use this when you are confident with your opinion. Report? This phrase is quite strong* “ This proves that the school, best way to lose weight is fiction book report, through a controlled diet and a good exercise program.” “This supports the how to legal research paper, idea that + [your sentence]” Use this one when you are supporting an opinion that you have already made.
“ This new research supports the idea that successful English learners look for fiction opportunities to teenage pregnancy high, use English.” “Although [idea you disagree with], [idea you agree with]” Use this when you want make your opinion seem balanced. “ Although reports suggest that cigarettes could help people to historical report 5th grade, lose weight, there are too many serious health problems associated with smoking.” Note: The ‘ although’ pattern is very effective because it shows two sides of the argument. In the example, I support the idea that smoking is bad for als reflective your health –BUT- I recognise that it could have some benefits. Structure your ‘ although’ sentence like this: Although, [weaker argument you disagree with], [stronger argument you agree with]. Fiction Book Report 5th Grade? Using Adverbs, Adjectives and Nouns. A Good Thesis Is? You can use adjectives to show your opinion. The adjective and nouns in the example are negative . You can get some good ideas from this video on Extreme Adjectives . Note: try not to use any emotional adjectives . Historical Book Report? Of course, these phrases aren’t the only ones that you can use!
You can find more or you can create your own by combining different patterns. Here’s an als reflective 1 example of #7, #9 and #10 used together. Fiction 5th Grade? “Although it is difficult for older adults to learn a second language, an important study by Smith (2014) proved that the elderly can successfully learn new languages.” So now you should have a better idea of how to include more opinions in your essays. But that’s not all; there are probably some new words here that you don’t know. So here’s what you should do: Choose three of the an essay and contrast rainsford and zaroff, opinion expressions and phrases that you want to try. Book? Practice writing sentences using them (if you don’t have a topic, try this: should students do homework? You can see examples of this in the lesson pack ) Get the Lesson Pack for daniel long this lesson (which contains the vocabulary and the phrases from historical fiction report, this lesson) CLICK HERE to daniel, download it . Sam Pealing is an fiction report English language coach who specialises in two important areas: 1. Daniel Long Resume? helping you to get great grades at university, and 2. helping you to become an effective and confident English user.
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Daily English Conversation Text Essays and Research Papers. Texts in Conversation : How the New Yankee Stadium Reflects American Culture Historical: Since the late 1800’s, Baseball and book report, . the how to do a legal United States have had significant cultural changes and had strongly influenced each other. In it’s early forms, Baseball was a sport that was sparingly played in the New York/New Jersey region of the U.S. Historical Fiction Book. In 1845, Teams such as the do a legal paper “New York Nine” and historical, the “Knickerbocker Club” were already beginning to play organized games of als reflective thinking essay 1, baseball with the modern rules seen in today’s. Babe Ruth , Major League Baseball , New York City 1937 Words | 6 Pages. point out how the texts differ in historical 5th grade terms of purpose, genre and target audience. Legal Research Paper. Using examples from the historical fiction book report 5th grade three texts , show how . these differences are reflected in daniel the language used. The terms of purpose in these texts aren’t very different at book 5th grade all. As we can see, all of the texts are about the same subject, the Battle of Hastings in 1066.
The difference in teenage high school essay the texts are the way they’re telling the historical fiction book 5th grade story, they’re all using their own way to reach the reader. The main purpose of the text are equal in all. British Empire , Cannon , Gun 1051 Words | 3 Pages. THE ENGLISH Text Analysis In process of analyzing the text ‘The English ’ I found that there are six . paragraphs and in each paragraph there are approximately four sentences. Vocabulary of this text is simple without difficult words like scientific terminology etc., in addition it is a good thesis also descriptive, so author describes how immigrants from overseas have settled in different parts of England and had formed their communities. Simple and descriptive vocabulary makes text more understandable to people. Adjective , City of London , England 1449 Words | 4 Pages. English Language: Categorising Texts. has certain characteristics and style that is unique to historical each individual writer.
This of course differs according to the texts function, and daniel, its . method of historical fiction book report, imparting information. For example the style a newspaper is written in will differ greatly to that of an advert, because of the different objectives both aspire to legal research attain. These various objectives affect everything about fiction 5th grade, that text - from teenage pregnancy high essay its lexis to the way it is communicated. It is for historical fiction report 5th grade this reason that you would be unlikely to find an instruction. Creative writing , Persuasion , Regulatory Focus Theory 1041 Words | 3 Pages. had three phases in our English language. We began with Old English that fell between the timeline of 450 AD to 1150AD. Following . that we transitioned to Middle English which ran from 1150 AD to 1500 AD. And from there we grew accustomed to Modern English which began in 1500 AD and is still the language that we have the privilege to speak today.
Although the als reflective thinking entire history of the English language is fascinating, unfortunately this paper is mainly focused on historical the Middle English period. As in a good is most cases. England , English language , French language 1301 Words | 3 Pages. ? TXC 500 Assessment 1: Text analysis essay Hymes (1972) recognized bilingualism as the most widely recognized form of linguistic diversity . in communities (cited in Bauman Sherzer, 1975). As such, he devised a tool or framework to analyse the ways that people interact with each other in order to communicate with each other effectively (Small, 2008). This tool can be broken down into eight parts, which are: Setting, Participants, Ends (Purpose), Acts, Key, Instrumentality, ‘Norms’ and Genre. Conversation , Conversation analysis , Discourse analysis 1811 Words | 5 Pages. English Is Important for Our Daily Life. Learning english is important for our daily life..
As we all know, English is the one of important language in . this world. If we cannot speak English even a little bit, we are called as a very poor in this community. We also cannot improve our life if we worst in historical fiction English . We will feel loser if we in the group that use English as a medium to speak. According to the research that have been made by the group of University Malay, 70% of undergraduate student especially Malay student are not use. English language , Learning , Lingua franca 955 Words | 3 Pages. THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE IS FULL! In the last few years, the English language has undergone many changes. Dubbed the thinking essay 1 . Fiction 5th Grade. international language, English has become the write an essay and contrast rainsford and zaroff language that most people wish to learn.
Many reasons explain such a choice but none explains it better than the fact that the strongest economy still remains the United States of historical report 5th grade, America. Being an Englishspeaking country, its language radiates around the and contrast rainsford and zaroff world. Most countries and national governments grant English a special. Dialect , English language , French language 742 Words | 2 Pages. benefit of english for working enviorment. ? English is the language used to communicate in business and historical fiction book report, workplace settings around the world. And it's not just native . English dialect you need to get used to, you will also come across non-native spoken English at conferences, in presentations and during meetings. There are different genres, workplace culture, culture and politeness at essays work, professional identities, gender and leadership.
English and work place are command issue nowadays, there are many importance of English at the workplace. Communication , Dialect , English language 861 Words | 3 Pages. Explore the fiction report view that speaking, texting and/or web-based interactions can be very creative forms of language use. “ English is als reflective thinking 1 a rich and . fruitful language”, this high concept quote is historical fiction book report 5th grade something that I have heard over school and over historical fiction book report 5th grade again throughout my life in education. However to answer this question this quote has to become adjusted towards the pregnancy high school question that needs to be answered. An adjustment to historical fiction this statement would be “speaking and texting are rich and fruitful creative forms of language use”;. Communication , Dialect , Instant messaging 1718 Words | 5 Pages. 2011 HSC Paper 2 Module A Advanced: Comparative Study of Texts and Contexts Elective 2: Texts in Time In what ways does a . comparative study accentuate the an essay and contrast and zaroff distinctive contexts of Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf? and historical fiction book, A Room of One’s Own? Sample response: Drama and non-fiction Prescribed texts : A Room of One’s Own, Virginia Woolf, 1928 Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?, Edward Albee, 1962 |Establishing the thesis of the is response: |At first glance, Virginia Woolf’s 1928 critical essay. Comedy , Edward Albee , Leonard Woolf 1387 Words | 5 Pages. ?Explore how technology affects language use (Use detailed reference from text J and relevant ideas from language study) When analysing . text J, we are presented with various different linguistic features that could suggest a change in historical book both written and spoken language, influenced by the use of technology.
Texts J sets forth a range of text messages all sent from 18 year old Alistair’s mobile phone; we witness the content and linguistic features within the message differ based on long the varying context. English language , English spelling reform , Instant messaging 866 Words | 3 Pages. English Oral TexFAVOURITE SONG A:Hey,how are you? It has been a long time since the last time i meet you. B:Ohh!Hello..I’m good.How about . you?
A:I’m good too..I have a lot things to tell you. Historical. B:Really?What it is? A:Hey,try listening to this music…… What do you thing about it.I really love this music.It give me an inspiration. B:Yeah!It’s good..I like it.It’s soft and calmly.It make me feel peace and calm. A:Yes.It;s true.I know that you will like this music.If you seen this music video,you. Garden strawberry , Lavender , Want 2257 Words | 6 Pages. Conversation English School in Japan Eikaiwa in running an English Language School “O.E.C.” where I have been literally working a part-time job at his school for royal society about seven months now; as . Book. well as to indicate what he currently views the business situation and his stance for the school’s existence. 1. O.E.C. Background History: O.E.C. is an English Language School or also known as “Eikaiwa School” is usually an English conversation type of school in Japan. Although the Japanese public education system requires that English be taught as. Education , English language , Lesson plan 2489 Words | 7 Pages.
Laboratory sessions: 1. Introduction to the Sounds of teenage pregnancy, English - Vowels, Diphthongs amp; Consonants. 2. Introduction to Stress and Intonation. . 3. Situational Dialogues / Role Play. 4. Oral Presentations- Prepared and Extempore. 5. ‘Just A Minute’ Sessions (JAM). 6. Describing Objects / Situations / People. 7. Information Transfer 8. Debate 9. Telephoning Skills. Fiction Report 5th Grade. 10. A Good Thesis. Giving Directions.
1.Introduction to Sounds of English - Vowels, Diphthongs, Consonants Language has a very important. Debate , Diphthong , If You Have to Ask 5366 Words | 19 Pages. important international languages is English Language. It is considered as a requirement for studying abroad for book several decades. In . particular, most of the textbooks in all the different disciplines are in English , including business textbooks.
Students who aim at getting master or Ph.D in one of the business disciplines, they must consider that. However, some student may be confused or misled to royal essays become fluent English speaker or may don’t realize how much English language is important, or they are. Arabic language , English language , French language 884 Words | 3 Pages. evolution of historical book, words, how is text talk creative and in what way does it bring use to communication within society. How To Do A Legal. Many of the historical book report techniques used in . Long Resume. text talk such as acronyms, abbreviations and alphabetisms have the purpose of historical fiction book report 5th grade, engaging the reader; making the text more eye-catching; making the text sound colloquial (like a spoken conversation ); adding to the humorous banter-like tone of the text ; and adding an expression of emotion into the writing.
One technique used in the text is including slang or words. Instant messaging , Language , Linguistics 1126 Words | 3 Pages. “APPLE “ Daily ? Since Apple Inc. produce iphone, it seems that iphone change our . An Essay Rainsford And Zaroff. defination of fiction report, smart phone. Teenage Pregnancy High School. Iphone create a culture seems that people cannot live without it anymore, people use it anytime and anywhere. Historical Fiction Book 5th Grade. Iphone has been in the name of smartphones.
It can be treat as a new cultural artefact and the latest medium of modern culture, it changes our way of do a research, communication, social connection, and historical fiction book report, having an iphone seems to be a lifestyle. App Store , Apple Inc. , IPhone 959 Words | 3 Pages. and brilliant scholar of write rainsford and zaroff, seventeenth-century English poetry, finds herself diagnosed with stage four ovarian cancer and is subject to a flurry . of historical fiction report, confusing medical tests. An Essay And Contrast Rainsford. She struggles to report deal with the depersonalizing effects of her medical care. “Wit” opens with Dr. Vivian Bearing looking at the audience and says: “Hi.
How are you feeling today? Great. That’s just great.” (5). Dr. Bearing’s address to long the audience is a sarcastic mocking of the daily , automatic and endless greetings she hears from. Health care , Health care provider , Healthcare 1010 Words | 4 Pages. Losing our Language: The Deterioration of the fiction report 5th grade English Language. Losing our Language: The Deterioration of the English Language The English language has and continues to an essay comparing rainsford and zaroff rapidly evolve within . the historical fiction United States and around different places throughout the world. Even though there is uniformity in the Standard English language, it also exists in royal society many varieties such as dialects and registers as stated by historical fiction book 5th grade John Algeo in how to do a legal paper The Origins and Development of the English Language.
Dialects are a variety of languages that are associated with a specific place, social level, ethnic. Dialect , English language , French language 1513 Words | 5 Pages. Kelly Smith ENG 1520 Dr. Meiers 6 February 2012 Text of Death Picture this; you have a 16 year old daughter who just got . her license, scary, right? Well, she has always been a good kid, has never had bad grades, and has always excelled in everything she has done. Historical Book 5th Grade. So, why would you not trust her behind the wheel? Now imagine getting a phone call saying she has just been in an accident. Your first thought is, someone else caused the 1 accident. But, you are wrong. Fiction Book Report 5th Grade. Your daughter had. Bluetooth , Cellular network , Mobile phone 1367 Words | 4 Pages.
Conversation Analysis Conversation is absolutely instilled throughout every corner of every day for the totality of our . lives. Whether it is on your favorite morning talk show, a casual encounter with a roommate, or admitting an undying love to your significant other, our lives, along with our realities, are entirely shaped by the conversations we allow ourselves to become continually engulfed in. With so much of our daily lives revolving around the conversations in which we are a part of daniel long resume, it. Conversation , Conversation analysis , Discourse analysis 2136 Words | 7 Pages. ?‘Texting has added a new dimension to language use’ explore a range of book, texts to how to legal investigate to what extent this is true, referring to historical book 5th grade public . attitudes and describe Texting has rapidly become one of the essay 1 most popular ways of communication in the modern day, with the historical fiction report 5th grade language and general rules of texting easy to daniel learn.
I will be looking at a collection of personal texts in order to gain a better understanding of the situations certain devices are used, and by fiction book report what kinds of people use specific devices. Exclamation mark , Question mark 1089 Words | 3 Pages. No. |Verb type |Numbered line. |Words / phrase |Sentence from the text which contains the verb | |1 |Regular verb |1 |sheltered |NEON . Daniel. crescents twirl over the sheltered water of Tripoli’s main port, one of the 5th grade hangouts of Libya’s growing kitesurfing community, thriving after the ouster of dictator Muammar Gaddafi in 2011. | | |2 |Irregular verb |2 |went |“We’d always be chased away by pregnancy high school the security guards-wherever we went they | | |. Auxiliary verb , English language , Lingua franca 976 Words | 5 Pages. Learning English as a Second Language. essential steps for historical fiction book 5th grade people learning a new language. English is als reflective thinking essay 1 not my first language, it is historical fiction 5th grade my third, and I have spent a lot of time and effort . to als reflective going through these steps. As an individual learning a new language, I can definitely say it is hard. Believe me, there is no way that a person can learn to run before he learns how to walk; the same applies to learning a new language like English . Historical 5th Grade. One of my English teachers from De Anza College said, “ English is one of the hardest languages in the world, so. Second language 1156 Words | 3 Pages.
English 131 W 2010. Jan. 28 Genre Conversation Although genre is commonly regarded as a tool for conventional assortment, . it is necessary to recognize that a genre is not defined by its formal features, but by its situational factors. The contextual identification of do a legal research paper, a genre is highlighted by Carolyn Miller, who describes genres as the book report “typified rhetorical ways of acting in an essay and contrast recurring situations” (qtd. in Bawarshi 7). The word “situation” is crucial in her definition because writing results. Communication , Creative writing , Genre 1445 Words | 5 Pages.
THE IMPACTS OF ENGLISH AS A GLOBAL LANGUAGE Since the world’s origin, language has evolved to historical fiction report meet specific social and cultural needs. Human . Als Reflective Thinking Essay 1. beings have developed manifold languages to be able to communicate and identify as a community. Book. Louis Calvet states that language emerged therefore polygenetically, and that humankind is how to legal paper multilingual (23). At present, however, English is considered to be a global language, a lingua franca and a window onto the world, leaving aside other languages of major. Dialect , English language , German language 1229 Words | 5 Pages. WORK PLAN 1st TERM 2012-2013 ENGLISH WEEK | TOPIC (S) | TEXTS / MATERIAL | WAYS OF WORKING | OBJECTIVES AND LEARNING TARGETS | . Fiction 5th Grade. ASSESSMENT | 34-35 | Introduction | “A Secret for Two” (hand out)“Where Do I Come From?”(Listening Comprehension) | Reading short storyDiscussing text i pairs/ full classListeningAnswering questions afterwards | Practice in pregnancy high school informal communicationListening comprehension practice: English accents | InformalVocabulary TestWritten letter about yourself to be handed in | . Commonwealth of Nations , English language , International auxiliary language 956 Words | 3 Pages. Analysis Essay In the essay “Sex, Lies, and Conversation ” Deborah Tannen finds that it is fiction book report 5th grade difficult to a good thesis is communicate with men when in . a relationship.
She suggests that men are more talkative when in public, but when at home the women has to make the conversation . This is caused by a difference in book report 5th grade gender, body language, and reaction. Tannen explains cultural differences between men and women when having a conversation . Is failure to communicate between sexes result in divorce divorces. Abuse , Bullying , Communication 2524 Words | 7 Pages. English as a Foreign Language Teaching in Hungary. 2012-10-19 Made by: Gergely Zoltan Udvarhelyi – Karczag 2012 Prologue As I mentioned before I wanted to essays get a . comparison between the fiction Hungarian primary schools and the secondary schools regarding how they teach the English language. Teenage Pregnancy School. I chose an ordinary city school to visit in Vac. First of all, inasmuch as I am much more interested in teaching grammar school – aged students than children in their early years I was curious about how do the historical fiction 5th grade elder students get along with. Education , English language , High school 1525 Words | 7 Pages. English , Comparative, Guidelines Based on a good some recent emails, there seems to be a lot of confusion when it comes to approaching the . Book. comparative study essay. Understandably, it is quite hard to organise your knowledge of these texts and make it into a coherent comparative. Teenage Pregnancy School Essay. I felt there was no point in trying to historical fiction book 5th grade write a sample essay, as everyone is commonwealth society studying different texts . But here is the bread and butter of it all.
In essence, you will be asked to write along the following essay titles (modes. Comparison , Comparison of text editors , Linguistics 705 Words | 3 Pages. 000 that get injured yearly? There are many ways to fiction report prevent these accidents. The first is to just simply not do it! According to a Nationwide Insurance . study in thinking 1 2008, 66% of drivers between the fiction report 5th grade age of 18 and 24 send or receive text messages while behind the wheel. Text messaging while driving leads the list as the biggest distraction while driving.
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration reports that distracted drivers account for commonwealth society almost 80% of all crashes and 65% of fiction book 5th grade, near-crashes in the. Instant messaging , Mobile phone , Philippines 2212 Words | 6 Pages. English Texts in Time Speech Manuscript. linearity of human nature. Similarities in the influences of the respective contexts of authors can be examined in texts that explore identical . thematic concerns. Two authors and texts that can be used to demonstrate this include Mary Shelley’s didactic novel Frankenstein written in the early 19th century and, Ridley Scott’s film noir, Blade Runner (Directors Cut 1982).
As though these two texts have been constructed in distinctive time periods, they share similar or juxtaposed content that convey parallel. Blade Runner , Frankenstein , Human 1064 Words | 4 Pages. Text and commonwealth essays, Discourse The nature of text When we think of a text , we typically think of book report 5th grade, a stretch of language . complete in itself and of some considerable extent. How To Paper. However, there appears to be a problem when we have to define units of language which consist of fiction report, a single sentence, but that fulfill the basic requirement of forming a meaningful whole in their own right. For example: “keep off the grass”. A Good. This text is complete in terms of communicative meaning. So, if the meaningful of the texts does not. Linguistics , Logic , Meaning 1296 Words | 4 Pages.
Seminar Group: SEM003 WRITTEN AND SPOKEN ENGLISH Giving effective presentations is one of the essentials when competing in the . business world and taking up leadership positions. Yet, I was used to be a shy person, and afraid of public speaking before. I felt extremely nervous when making presentations in historical book front of crowds. This year, being an a good thesis is, Aiesecer member of the external relations team, it helps me to boost up my confidence in speaking English . I was given many opportunities to meet the. Better , Business ethics , China 1563 Words | 5 Pages.
Recount Text Aviani Anwar Mega Bella Pertiwi What is fiction book 5th grade Recount Text ? Recount text is a text that . telling the reader about als reflective thinking 1, past story, action or activity. Its also used to historical report 5th grade describe about someone autobiography. The goal is to entertaining or informing the reader. Resume. Kind of recount • Personal recount retelling an activity that the writer has been personally involved in and may be used to historical fiction report build the relationship between the writer and the reader e.g. anecdote, diary journal, personal letter. • Factual. 515 Words | 24 Pages. Carpenter 998308987 Friday January 27th 2012 The English Housewife . Gervase Markham’s The English Housewife , is a text from the seventeenth Century ,which appears to be in the form of pregnancy school, a published handbook. This handbook seems to be mainly intended for the women of this era, as indicated in the books title. This text contains the expectations of historical fiction 5th grade, a housewife during this particular time period and contains “all the. Expectation , Expected value , Gervase Markham 996 Words | 3 Pages. ENGLISH ESSAY Being foreign to als reflective thinking 1 a certain group, place or setting or simply being different.
These are just some of the historical report 5th grade notions explored in . the elective area of study, ‘the outsider’, a notion, which is well explored through the 1 two studied text , ‘the awakening’ a nineteenth century novel by Kate Chopin and a 2002 film ‘far from heaven’ by book Todd Haynes. Both texts correspondingly convey a similar idea of an individual’s self-actualisation and als reflective thinking essay 1, inner desire to breach their societal constrains obligatory. African American , Discrimination , Grand Isle, Louisiana 957 Words | 3 Pages. Background of the problem English is connecting language between people in fiction report 5th grade entire world on earth. Almost developing countries include our . Daniel Long. beloved country Indonesia use this language as general communication, we can find everywhere everyplace people talk in many words in historical 5th grade English , not only royal essays student but we generally often speak with it. Book Report 5th Grade. Open wide mind to see how feasible of English is nowadays, to be learn or to be ignored? Our youth generation still, keeps stuck in reverse that said English is daniel difficult to be. Dutch language , English language , First language 1979 Words | 7 Pages. | |Reading books | |Listening Music | | . | |Languages known:- English | |Hindi | |Objectives: | Intend to build a career with leading. Bihar , Engineering , Learning 273 Words | 3 Pages.
Priya Patel Mr. Frank English (4TH period) October 7, 2012 Should teen curfews be enforced ? There are many words or phrases that teens . dread hearing from their parents; one of fiction book 5th grade, these words is “curfew.” The topic of teenage curfews is usually a controversial one. Parents impose curfews to protect their teens, and teens often feel this is an unfair limitation placed on them. Many teens see the adolescent years as a time to break away from research paper their family and parents, and experience more freedom. Adolescence , Childhood , Crime 1069 Words | 3 Pages. Text One - Poem: A Small Keen Wind Thomas Blackburn My wife for six months now in sinister Tones has muttered incessantly about divorce, . Historical Report. And, since of the woman I’m fond, this dark chatter Is painful as well as a bit monotonous. Still, marvel one must, when she fishes out of that trunk, Like rages, my shadier deeds for an essay and zaroff all to see With ‘This you did when you were sober, and that when drunk’, At the remarkable powers of fiction book report, memory. For although I wriggle like mad when she whistles up Some particularly. Anxiety , Demi Lovato , Interpersonal relationship 2545 Words | 7 Pages. Language plays and important role in human life.
Out of all the languages in the world, English is royal commonwealth society essays considered as the fiction book 5th grade international language . The British rules introduced English in Indian schools. And Contrast And Zaroff. English is a window language. Fiction. It is the most widely spoken language in comparing and contrast and zaroff the world. Through this language, India can establish her contacts with the developed nations of the world. Although Hindi has been pronounced as the national language in fiction book report India, some non-Hindi speaking states have not yet accepted it. English language , French language , German language 797 Words | 3 Pages. Guess Paper – 2009 Class – X Subject – English (Grammar) Make regular practice of a good, English grammar at fiction report www.amuseonline.com . Learn English from home. email : email@example.com Max. Marks 25 Que. 1. Write Rainsford And Zaroff. The following passage has not been edited. There is an error in each of the historical fiction 5th grade line against which a blank is royal commonwealth given.
Underline the incorrect. Doctor , English grammar , English-language films 688 Words | 4 Pages. effect of book 5th grade, text messaging in spelling proficiency. Benefits Of Text Messaging For Children Email 2 By Margarita Nahapetyan March 7, 2009 It turns out that text messaging . positively affects a child's literacy and, in fact may even improve it, according to a new study conducted by a Coventry University in Britain. The University researchers involved a group of 88 children between the ages of 10 and 12, for their study.
Their goal was to figure out what are the effects of text messaging on children's communication skills. All the kids were. Communication , Instant messaging , Mobile phone 1225 Words | 5 Pages. Reflective Paper 1 (Video: Story of English ) 1. Descriptive: The video “The Story of English ” provides a comprehensive . illustration of history, geography, sociology, language, and other aspects of English language. The video has several conversations and interviews with English linguists and high essay, ordinary people around the historical book report 5th grade world to royal essays examine how English has influenced their individual lives, and our planet as a whole.”The Story of book, English ” illustrates how English has evolved and daniel long, emerged into a global. American English , Dialect , English language 1074 Words | 3 Pages. Molyneaux Professor Howarth English 150 2 October 2013 Writing in the University The formula of report, a well-constructed English . academic paper includes a clear, straightforward goal, the appropriate features using MLA format, and is relatable to outside of the daniel resume academic setting. From analyzing a few academic papers and book 5th grade, interviewing an English professor, Dr. McGee, I learned that an English academic paper usually follows this formula strictly. When writing an English paper, the royal society goal and purpose go.
Bibliography , Creative writing , Essay 909 Words | 3 Pages. Importance of Roleplay in fiction book report 5th grade Teaching English. org/7371-10-roleplay-ideas-for-general-english.html Role plays are an excellent way of thinking essay, getting your students to practise their English . They . Fiction Book 5th Grade. simulate real life situations and allow them to act out what they would do in a real situation. There are two ways a role play can go: scripted and als reflective 1, non-scripted. With a scripted role play, the teacher might use an example in a text book.
This is a good idea for a warm up exercise, by historical book getting everyone to split up into pairs and allow them to speak to research paper their partner. Abstraction , Formal grammar , Idea 965 Words | 4 Pages. Interpersonal Relationship and Daily Basis. of being a family. Fiction. This is not living as a family. How can you possibly say that the family situation today is better than it was fifty years ago? How is . needing to make an appointment to spend time together better than spending time together on a daily basis? It is not. Fifty years ago a family would eat dinner together every night.
The dinner table was a place for family members to visit, talk about the day, and share news. Do A Legal Paper. Today, the Family Night, is more of an eating and game playing experience. BBC World Service , Better , Earth 966 Words | 3 Pages. What Are the historical report Main Differences Between Spoken and Written English? written English ? In English , speech is known as a social way of communicating and expressing an thinking essay, . Historical Book Report. opinion. On the how to do a research paper other hand writing is known more for recording notes, facts and historical fiction book report 5th grade, information. Daniel Long. Each form of English has different ways of interacting with a specific audience. The lexis for both the fiction 5th grade written and spoken mode is somewhat different. Informal and colloquial is the language used during speech whereas the language used in written is more formal. Written English can be. Communication , Composition studies , Creative writing 780 Words | 3 Pages.
?MINUTES OF ENGLISH PANEL MEETING (15 Jan 2013 @ 1.35 pm, Physics Lab) Attendance : 1. Thinking. Puan Adila bt Ahmad (Head of Panel) 2. Puan . Julaila bt Yahya (Senior Teacher of Language Department) 3. Puan Zuraini bt Abdullah 4. Puan Suhaila bt Kayat 5. Book 5th Grade. Puan Syazrin Syimee bt Sharifuddin 6. Puan Zuhira @ Suria bt Ghazali 7. Puan Asmaton bt Mohd Nawawi 8. Puan Robitah bt Nordin 9. Puan Santhi Nair a/p Baskaran Nair 10. En Mohd Azlan b. Mohd Ali Secretary : En.Azlan bin Mohd Ali Absentees. Education , English people , School 997 Words | 6 Pages. General Objective Teaching English. ------------------------------------------------- General objective of teaching English at long resume high school * . ------------------------------------------------- Profile of the fiction 5th grade teacher Christian Fernando Mendez Corrales Mtro. Matilde Estrella Cubillas Ingles III Los adolescentes y el aprendizaje del ingles Cd. Obregon Sonora a18 de agosto de 2011 General objective of a good, teaching English at high school The purpose of studying a foreign language ( English ) in report 5th grade secondary education is for students to participate in. Education , English language , Foreign language 639 Words | 3 Pages. android.jwjobs.net Model Question Paper Subject Code:R13101/R13 I B. Tech I Sem Regular Examinations Feb. - 2014 ENGLISH -I Time: 3 . hours Max. Daniel. Marks: 70 Question Paper Consists of Part-A and Part-B Answer All the questions in Part-A Any Three Questions should be answered from Part-B ***** PART-A 1. Compulsory Question which consists of grammar prescribed in the text book (12+5+5=22) A (i) Write the Synonyms for historical book report the following words (4x1=4) (a) Potential (b) Disaster (c) Afford . Airline , Comprehension , Following 319 Words | 4 Pages.
Amy Wilkinson ESL-223N 21 April 2013 The English Only Debate The education of our children with disabilities, disadvantages, and . non-proficient has always been a debate. The English -only movement means English is the mandatory language for daily life used in the United States. Which at times is taught to the minorities, children of how to do a legal research, all ages, people with different backgrounds used as a second language, and fiction book, the teachers working with them. Do A. English language learners (ELLs) benefit from instruction. Education , Education in the United States , English as a foreign or second language 771 Words | 3 Pages. In nowadays, English become an international language due to the English rapidly spread worldwide, there are majority of people . Report. are likely to speak or to learn English . Commonwealth Essays. During the medieval and historical fiction book, early modern periods, the influence of English spread throughout the a good thesis British Isles, and from the early seventeenth century onwards, its influence began to be felt throughout the 5th grade worldwide. Royal Society Essays. Undoubtedly, as an historical report 5th grade, international language, English has contributed to als reflective essay different fields of the world, such as the advancement. British Empire , British Isles , Dialect 1367 Words | 4 Pages. entire set of fiction report 5th grade, words is the pregnancy school essay language's vocabulary.
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