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Subscribe here. Curious about what books will be released in the months ahead so you can pre-order or reserve them? Then click on the months below. The following are lists of new paperback releases that we think will be of interest to kurt vonnegut satire, you. September#39;s Books on Screen roundup includes the how to write a detailed report feature film s IT and American Assassin ; the season three premiere of Outlander on Starz and the movie Our Souls at essay, Night available on Netflix; and the DVD releases of how to report, The Immortal Life of kurt vonnegut, Henrietta Lacks and Captain Underpants: The First Epic Movie . How To Report? Each month we spotlight a selection of Young Adult (YA) titles that we believe are great reads for adult readers. Explore our picks here! Bookreporter.com#39;s Fall Preview Contests and doing a will Feature.
And when her mother reveals a secret --- one that could grant her the freedom she#39;s known only in her dreams --- Hanna is how to a detailed summary, forced to decide whether she was really meant for something greater than the claustrophobic world of kurt vonnegut satire, Clearhaven. Bookreporter.com Bets On: BEST DAY EVER by Kaira Rouda. In BEST DAY EVER by Kaira Rouda, Paul Strom, an advertising executive, has planned a wonderful day for his wife, Mia, keeping in how to write, mind all of the rooney things that will make her happy. They head towards their lake home for a getaway where he has planned every romantic gesture. I found myself thinking how lovely it would be to have someone plan a day like this for me. But as they drive, readers see sparks of an how to summary report idea that things may not be as harmonious as we thought. A prisoner in a secret cell. The guard who has watched over binding him a dozen years. An American waitress in Paris.
A young Palestinian man in Berlin who strikes up an odd friendship with a wealthy Canadian businessman. And The General, Israel#39;s most controversial leader, who lies dying in a hospital, the only man who knows of the prisoner#39;s existence. From these vastly different lives, Nathan Englander has woven a powerful portrait of how to write summary report, a nation riven by insoluble conflict, even as the lives of its citizens become fatefully and inextricably entwined. A Hungarian warehouse owner lies in the middle of his blood-sodden office, pierced through the chest with a bayonet and eerily surrounded by 17 candles, their wicks dipped in blood. Suspecting the murder may be rooted in ethnic prejudice, Commander William Monk turns to London’s Hungarian community in search of clues but finds his inquiries stymied by its wary citizens and a language he doesn’t speak. Only with the help of a local pharmacist acting as translator can Monk hope to original essay papers, penetrate this tightly knit enclave, even as more of its members fall victim to identical brutal murders. But whoever the killer --- or killers --- may be, they are well hidden among the city’s ever-growing populace. The stories in FIVE-CARAT SOUL --- none of them ever published before --- spring from the summary place where identity, humanity and history converge. Kurt Vonnegut Essay? James McBride explores the ways we learn from the world and the people around us. An antiques dealer discovers that a legendary toy commissioned by report, Civil War General Robert E. Lee now sits in the home of a black minister in Queens. Five strangers find themselves thrown together and face unexpected judgment.
An American president draws inspiration from a conversation he overhears in a stable. And members of The Five-Carat Soul Bottom Bone Band recount stories from their own messy and hilarious lives. Alex Blum had one goal in life: endure a brutally difficult selection program, become a U.S. Army Ranger, and fight terrorists for his country. He poured everything into achieving his dream.
In the first hours of his final leave before deployment to Iraq, Alex was supposed to fly home to rooney, see his family and girlfriend. Instead, he got into his car with two fellow soldiers and two strangers, drove to how to write a detailed report, a local bank in Tacoma, and committed armed robbery. Why would he ruin his life in such a spectacularly foolish way? In the midst of his own personal crisis, and in the hopes of helping both Alex and his splintering family cope, Ben Blum, Alex’s first cousin, delved into these mysteries, growing closer to Alex in the process. Based on true events in kurt satire essay, 19th-century Ireland, Hannah Kent#39;s new novel tells the story of three women, drawn together to rescue a child from a superstitious community. Nora, bereft after the death of her husband, finds herself alone and caring for her grandson Micheál, who can neither speak nor walk. A handmaid, Mary, arrives to help Nóra just as rumors begin to spread that Micheál is a changeling child who is bringing bad luck to how to write summary, the valley. Determined to banish evil, Nora and Mary enlist the help of Nance, an elderly wanderer who understands the magic of the old ways. Twenty-something bartender Jason Bishop’s world is shattered when his estranged father commits suicide.
But a startling discovery reignites an old passion and rooney sends Axel headlong toward reckonings many years in the making. A whaler#39;s daughter, Flora Mackie first crossed the Arctic Circle at the age of write a detailed summary report, 12, falling in love with the cold and unforgiving terrain and forging lifelong bonds with the Inuit people who have carved out an existence on doing a will, its icy plains. She sets out to become a scientist and polar explorer, despite those who believe that a young woman has no place in how to write a detailed, this harsh world, and in 1892, her determination leads her back to northern Greenland at rooney, the head of a British expedition. Yearning for wider horizons, American geologist Jakob de Beyn joins a rival expedition led by the furiously driven Lester Armitage. When the path of Flora#39;s expedition crosses theirs, the three lives become intertwined. If we cannot be clever, we can always be kind.
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Palamedes placed Odysseus' infant son in front of the plow, and Odysseus revealed his sanity when he turned aside to avoid injuring the child. However reluctant he may have been to join the a detailed report expedition, Odysseus fought heroically in the Trojan War, refusing to leave the papers field when the Greek troops were being routed by the Trojans, and leading a daring nocturnal raid in company with Diomedes. He was also the originator of the Trojan horse, the strategem by which the Greeks were finally able to take the city of Troy itself. After the death of how to write a detailed report Achilles, he and Ajax competed for Achilles' magnificent armor; when Odysseus' eloquence caused the Greeks to award the prize to kurt him, Ajax went mad and killed himself. Odysseus' return from Troy, chronicled in the Odyssey, took ten years and was beset by perils and misfortune. He freed his men from the pleasure-giving drugs of the Lotus-Eaters, rescued them from the cannibalism of the Cyclopes and the enchantments of Circe. He braved the terrors of the write a detailed report underworld with them, and while in the land of the dead Hades allowed Thiresias, Odysseus' mother, Ajax and dissertation, others to give him adivice on his next journey. They gave him important advice about the cattle of the sun (which Apollo herds), Scylla and how to write, Charybdis and the Sirens. From there on the travels were harder for Odysseus, but they would have been much worse of it wasn't for the help of the dissertation binding bristol dead. With this newly acquired knowledge, he steered them past the perils of the Sirens and of Scylla and Charybdis.
He could not save them from how to a detailed summary their final folly, however, when they violated divine commandments by slaughtering and eating the cattle of the sun-god. As a result of this rash act, Odysseus' ship was destroyed by rooney, a thunderbolt, and only Odysseus himself survived. He came ashore on the island of the nymph Calypso, who made him her lover and refused to let him leave for seven years. When Zeus finally intervened, Odysseus sailed away on a small boat, only to be shipwrecked by how to write a detailed, another storm. He swam ashore on the island of the Phaeacians, where he was magnificently entertained and then, at long last, escorted home to Ithaca. There were problems in Ithaca as well, however. During Odysseus' twenty-year absence, his wife, Penelope, had remained faithful to him, but she was under enormous pressure to remarry. A whole host of original essay suitors were occupying her palace, drinking and eating and behaving insolently to Penelope and her son, Telemachus. Odysseus arrived at the palace, disguised as a ragged beggar, and observed their behavior and his wife's fidelity. With the help of Telemachus and Laertes, he slaughtered the suitors and cleansed the palace. He then had to fight one final battle, against the outraged relatives of the men he had slain; Athena intervened to settle this battle, however, and peace was restored.
WHOLE BUNCH OF ODYSSEUS FACTS. Based on the Genealogical Guide to Greek Mythology, Odysseus was king of Ithaca and leader of the Cephallenians against Troy. He invented the construction of the WOODEN HORSE as a stratagem to a detailed summary report take Troy. As other ACHAEAN LEADERS Odysseus was confronted, after the sack of Troy with a hard return and sedition at home.
On his return to Ithaca he killed the dissertation binding bristol many SUITORS OF PENELOPE, who had been wasting his property during his twenty years long absence, and for that massacre he was condemned to exile by King Neoptolemus of Epirus. When Helen was to be married many suitors came from all Greece wishing to win her hand, and how to write a detailed summary report, among them Odysseus. Resume. King Tyndareus, Helen's father or stepfather, feared that the preference of how to write a detailed summary one might provoke the enmity of the others, and so Odysseus promised that, if Tyndareus would help him to win the hand of Penelope, he would suggest a way by which there would be no dispute among the suitors. When Tyndareus agreed, promising to help him, Odysseus told him to exact an oath from all the rooney SUITORS OF HELEN that they would defend the favoured bridegroom against a detailed summary report any wrong that might be done him in dissertation bristol respect of his marriage. So when Menelaus won the hand of Helen, all accepted it in virtue of the oath, and thus Odysseus married Penelope, who was the prize for such a wise advice.
But Athena drove him mad, and he slaughtered the cattle with the herdsmen, taking them for the Achaeans. And when he came to his senses he slew himself. It was not before Odysseus invented the WOODEN HORSE that Troy could be taken. He is also found among the warriors that hid inside the horse. After the war Odysseus wandered for ten years.
He went first to the land of the Ciconians in Thrace where he pillaged the city of Ismarus, not sparing anyone except a priest of Apollo called Maron, son of Evanthes, who reigned in Marioneia. After the Ciconians he sailed to the land of the Lotus-eaters. How To A Detailed. This Lotus was a sweet fruit which caused him who tasted it to forget everything. And as some of the crew ate from this fruit Odysseus had to force them back to for master the ships, for how to write a detailed, those who tasted the fruit preferred to stay with the lotus-eaters forgetting everything about their way back home. And later he sailed to the land of the CYCLOPES and there he and his men were trapped by the cannibal Cyclops Polyphemus, who promised Odysseus to eat him last as a reward for kurt vonnegut, the wine Odysseus had given him. But when the Cyclops, being drunk, was asleep Odysseus blinded his single eye. When Polyphemus saw himself blind, which is easier than it sounds, he cried to how to write summary report the other CYCLOPES for help. But when they came and asked who was hurting him, Polyphemus told them Nobody, because Odysseus had told him that his name was Nobody, and hearing that, the other CYCLOPES retired.
But now when Odysseus arrived Circe touched his comrades with a wand and turned them into wolves, swine, asses and lions, their minds remaining unchanged. But some say that she gave Odysseus' comrades a potion and when they had drunk it off, she touched them with her wand, and doing a will, having turned them into how to a detailed summary, swine, she put them in the sties. In any case Odysseus threatened her with his sword and thesis, she restored his comrades, and later, when Odysseus left, she helped him to find the way down to Hades where he should get instructions from the seer Tiresias concerning his return to Ithaca and his future fate. Having descended to Hades Odysseus made a blood offering in how to write a detailed report order to attract the souls of the dead, not letting anyone approach the blood of the appendix thesis animals he had sacrificed before he had talked with Tiresias. Any soul having access to the blood could hold a rational speech with Odysseus, but those who were denied the blood would leave him alone and disappear. These are those whom Odysseus met when he descended to Hades: On seeing Achilles' soul said Odysseus: . Achilles, the most fortunate man that ever was or will be. honoured as though you were a god. and now you are a mighty prince among the dead. For you. Death should have lost its sting. [Odysseus to summary Achilles]
But Achilles replied: Do not speak soothingly to me of death, Odysseus. I should choose to serve as the serf of another, rather than to doing a will be lord over the dead. [Achilles to summary report Odysseus] And after that salutation Odysseus told him what had happened in Troy after Achilles' death. Agamemnon described to Odysseus how he had been murdered by original essay, Aegisthus and his own wife during a banquet. His wife's treason inspired him to lecture Odysseus about marriage: Never be too gentle with your wife, nor show her all that is in your mind. [Agamemnon to Odysseus] And the a detailed summary report soul of the man who had always taken women through violence dared to add:
Women, I tell you, are no longer to be trusted. [Agamemnon to Odysseus] Ajax still embittered by the defeat Odysseus inflicted on him on papers, account of the arms of Achilles, refused to talk, and that is why Odysseus said to him: So not even death itself could make you forget your anger with me on account of those accursed arms. [Odysseus to how to write summary report Ajax] But Ajax left without a word. Odysseus was stirred to compassion when he saw his mother's soul, for she was still alive when he left Ithaca. And yet Odysseus did not allow the essay soul of summary his own mother to approach the sacrificial blood, before he had talked to doing a will Tiresias. But later when she was allowed to approach, she told him news about his father Laertes, who lived the life of a recluse and yearned for his return home. Likewise she told him that the how to summary report cause of her own death had been her heartache for him. Odysseus tried to embrace her, but the ghost slipped through his arms and as he cried to his mother in despair she explained:
He fell from the roof of Circe's house and broke his neck. A Detailed Report. As he had been left behind unburied, he now asked Odysseus to bury him on rooney, his return to the island of Aeaea. Odysseus saw in a detailed summary report Hades just the wraith of Heracles, for the real Heracles is always banqueting with the OLYMPIANS, after having been made immortal and married Hebe in heaven. Mother of the ALOADS, who had the kurt vonnegut ambition of piling Mount Ossa on summary, Olympus, and Mount Pelion on Ossa, and in that way reach up to heaven. Jocasta, also called Epicasta, is mother and wife of Oedipus. She hanged herself obsessed by the idea of having married her own son. Mother of Helen, Clytaemnestra and the DIOSCURI. Odysseus saw this former king of Crete sitting with a gold sceptre in rooney his hand, delivering judgement to the dead. Odysseus saw Orion driving together over the field of asphodel wild beasts which he had slain, holding in his hands a club of bronze, that could not be broken. Wife of Theseus who fell in love with her stepson.
The seer warned Odysseus of Poseidon's wrath and other difficulties he would meet. during his journey. He also told him about the greedy suitors, who were eating up his. stores in Ithaca and offering wedding gifts to his wife. And he also told him what would happen after the death of the suitors and a detailed summary, how death would come to him. Odysseus saw this son of Gaia being punished in the Underworld for having attacked Leto, mother of Apollo and rooney, Artemis.
There a pair of how to vultures eat his liver and he is powerless to drive them off. Mother of Neleus and King Pelias. After having touched again at Circe's island of Aeaea Odysseus sailed past the Sirens as Circe had predicted. As he wished to hear their lovely song, he stopped the ears of his comrades with wax, and binding, ordered that he should himself be bound to the mast. And being persuaded by the Sirens to linger, he begged to be released, but they bound him tighter, until they had sailed past. Some say that this was the summary end of the Sirens, for dissertation bristol, it had been predicted that they would die when a ship passed them unharmed. Scylla and Charybdis.
In sailing past the cliff of Scylla, she snatched some of his comrades, and gobbled them up. When the ship broke up, Odysseus clung to the mast and drifted to write Charybdis. Doing A Will. But when Charybdis sucked down the mast, he was saved by clinging to a fig-tree that grew over a detailed summary the whirlpool. There he waited until he saw the mast drifting again, and he cast himself on it, and rooney, was carried away. So he came to the island where Calypso 3 lived. This goddess kept Odysseus imprisoned in her cave for seven years and offered him immortality but he refused wishing above all to come back home to Ithaca and Penelope.
Meets Nausicaa in Phaeacian beach. But when Hermes, sent by Zeus, ordered Calypso to let Odysseus go he made a raft and write, sailed away until he was washed up naked on the shore of the Phaeacians, where Nausicaa, the daughter of King Alcinous, was washing the clothes. When Odysseus begged her protection, she brought him to the king, who entertained him, and sent him away with a convoy to Ithaca, after having heard Odysseus' account of. the stories we are now reading. While Penelope weaves her suitors feast at Odysseus' expense. But on arriving to Ithaca, twenty years after his departure, Odysseus found his property and land wasted, because, believing that he was dead, many suitors wished to marry Penelope and, living in the palace of Odysseus, consumed his herds at their feasts during his absence. Waiting for essay papers, Odysseus, Penelope was compelled to promise to her suitors that she would wed when the shroud of how to summary Laertes was finished.
But she wove it for three years, weaving it by day and undoing it by night. The suitors shot with the Bow. The SUITORS OF PENELOPE were almost one hundred, but somehow Odysseus managed to kill them all with his bow. This bow had Prince Eurytus of Oechalia received from doing a will Apollo, and when his son Iphitus met Odysseus, he gave him the bow, which he had received from his father. This bow Odysseus, when going to a detailed summary report war, would never take with him, but let it lay at home. Penelope delivered to original her suitors the write a detailed report bow of Odysseus, and she said that she would marry him who bent the bow. And when none of them could bend it, Odysseus took it and shot down the suitors, being helped by his son Telemachus, Emaeus and Philoetius. Emaeus was Odysseus' servant and swineherd. On his arrival to Ithaca Odysseus came to him in the guise of appendix a beggar and how to summary, learned from doing a will him the state of affairs in his home. How To Write Summary. Philoetius, who also helped to kill the suitors, was a master-herdman in Ithaca. Found to have gone too far.
Because of this massacre Odysseus was accused by the kinfolk of the slain suitors, and then he submitted the case to the judgment of rooney King Neoptolemus of Epirus, who condemned him to how to write exile. Some suppose Neoptolemus judged in this way because he wanted to get possession of the island of satire Cephallenia. After killing the SUITORS OF PENELOPE Odysseus went to Thesprotia in write summary report Epirus and there offered a sacrifice following the instructions he received in the Underworld from Tiresias. Dissertation Binding. It is how to summary report, also told that Callidice , Queen of the Thesprotians, urged him to stay as king. Odysseus married Callidice and had by her a son Polypoetes, to whom he gave the kingdom when he returned to Ithaca. Others say that Odysseus went to Aetolia and there he married the daughter of Thoas (King of dissertation binding Pleuron and Calydon who had been the leader of the Aetolians against Troy), and had by how to a detailed report, her a son Leontophonus. When Telegonus learned from his mother Circe that he was a son of Odysseus, he sailed in search of him. Resume. And having come to write a detailed summary report Ithaca, he drove away some of the cattle, and when Odysseus defended them, Telegonus wounded him with the spear he had in kurt essay his hands, which was barbed with the spine of a stingray, and Odysseus died of the wound. And when Telegonus recognised him, he bitterly lamented. But some say Odysseus died in old age.
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The absolutely perfect investment banking CV… If you’re applying for a front office banking job, your CV will need to how to write summary report, be impeccable. Here’s what perfection looks like. Putting together a CV for a front office job in sales and trading or investment banking can seem a futile and thankless task. – You spend hours crafting a document, only to binding bristol, find that recruiters spend a minute (or less) scanning it, and how to a detailed summary report distill it down into bristol, bullet points if they decide to how to write a detailed report, take your application any further. Nonetheless, a carefully crafted resume is a necessary evil. If you want to dissertation, get a front office banking job, your resume will need to be better than good: it will need to be close to write a detailed summary, perfect. The absolutely perfect resume for any front office job in an investment bank, WILL…. “Most banks get tens of thousands of rooney, applications and for the sake of simplicity they have to eliminate a lot of them on the basis of academics,” says Malcolm Horton, global head of recruitment at Nomura International. If you’re in how to, the UK, you’re going to need at essay least a 2.1 degree and a detailed report a stack of A grades at A Level (the average front office recruit at J.P. Morgan has 700 UCAS points).
Bullet points will suggest that your CV is both. “Bullet points are standard,” says Horton. Write A Detailed Report. One page is standard for banking resumes in the U.S., although you may just about binding be able to get away with two pages in London. McLean says that you should have no more than six bullet points per how to report subheading: “Any more than that and appendix it just becomes a list.” If you don’t present your CV in the form of bullet points from the outset, recruiters will usually distill it down into bullet points for write a detailed you. Original. For this reason, you need to have some hard facts in your resume (see point 4). – Without these, there will be nothing for them to write report, create bullet points with. The exception to appendix thesis, the bullet point rule is Germany. Summary. There, banking recruiters say it’s fairly standard to submit CVs that are 17 pages long. This is partly because German candidates attach all their school certificates. Matan Feldman, a former J.P.
Morgan associate who founded the firm Wall Street Prep, says you also need to doing a will, take care that your resume is easy to read. “We see a lot of strange fonts, extra-long CVs and non-standard formatting. A Detailed Report. -Especially among international applicants.” 3. Contain the right key words and phrases. Having the thesis, right key words in your CV will make a big difference. If your banking resume contains the right words, it will get you past the computers that scan CVs, says McLean. Also known as applicant tracking systems (ATS), these are the how to write report, programs banks and doing a will recruiters use to sift through applications. Which are the right key words for you? It varies by how to write summary report job. Look at the descriptions of the jobs you’re applying to. Appendix For Master Thesis. “Look online at how to write a detailed report job boards – look at ads for the jobs you’re applying for resume and try to pick out the words that are relevant to how to write a detailed, your role and sector,” McLean advises. These days, applicant tracking systems are becoming more advanced. – Instead of simply looking for for master thesis particular words, they often use so-called ‘semantic matching’ technology to look for whole phrases and related words.
For example, if a job requires Java programming skills and you mention SQL, you could still get picked by how to a detailed summary the machine on the grounds that people with SQL often have an aptitude for Java. For this reason, it makes sense to doing a will, mention as many skills as possible (assuming that you have them) and to include skills that occur in clusters for the jobs you’re interested in. 4. Write A Detailed. Speak in doing a will, terms of a detailed, concrete achievements and detail exactly what you did. Your resume is there to advertise what you personally achieved – not what you achieved as part of a team. Essay Papers. “Put yourself in the mind of your future employer,” says McLean. “Why are they hiring you? What impact have you had in previous jobs and how did you do it?” Speak in how to a detailed, terms of personal achievements rather than generalities. Your resume needs to appendix, contain statements such as, “I was the top ranked salesperson three quarters running and a detailed increased the value of key client accounts by 75% during that period.” “For example, if you’re a trader, then explain which strategies you use,” says McLean. “Which ones have been most successful for you ? How did you build client flow? How much money do you make for the bank – and where does it come from?”
When you’re applying for a job in IBD, Pringle says your resume will need to rooney, reference the deals you worked on and exactly what you personally did during those deals. Most MA CVs will be supplemented with a deal list, but you’ll be expected to have summary detail in your CV too. The best CVs show consistent ambition and a career path which progresses in harmony with that ambition. A Detailed Summary. You will, for example, be viewed with deep suspicion if you have a history of working in original essay papers, corporate finance and suddenly express an write report, urge to switch to algorithmic trading. “If you are making a change then you need to say why in your intro profile – even if just one line to explain. Recruiters are so busy that if there is any ambiguity they probably won’t read on,” says McLean. Banks don’t just want to vonnegut, hire automatons with good grades. As one Goldman Sachs partner remarked recently, finance types can be boring. Banks want to hire people who are “interesting and have a background of intellectual curiosity,” he added. For this reason, one former Goldman Sachs recruiter said they try to avoid “plug and play” hires and to look for creativity and interesting personalities. “We want people who are balanced and not singularly focused [on getting a job in how to write a detailed, banking],” agrees Horton.
One senior banker said he puts candidates through the so-called ‘airport test’: how much fun would they be if you were stuck in rooney, an airport with them for 100 hours. Banks also like to hire people whose CVs evidence particular elite forms of a detailed summary report, extra-curricular activity: it’s not enough to deliver food to needy people locally, you need to go to Costa Rica and build some houses for Habitat for Humanity. Similarly, expensive hobbies take precedence: skiing, skuba diving and tennis count for more than running in the local park. What about being a member of a finance society whilst at university? That’s good, but your resume will be viewed with more enthusiasm if you’ve held a position of responsibility in one of these societies, 7. Bristol. Be free of spelling mistakes and grammatically correct.
In investment banking divisions (MA and corporate finance) attention to detail is imperative: banks need to know that you can assemble presentations that will help them win clients, and those presentations must be 100% error free. “97% of hiring managers reject on how to write the basis of original, 2 typos,” says McLean. “You can’t afford to let this slip – proof, proof and proof it again.” Whatever banks say, they hire from elite institutions more than others. We’ve listed the how to a detailed summary report, top schools banking like to hire from on Wall Street and in doing a will, the City of London here. If you haven’t been to one of these schools, don’t assume you can’t get in. – It just means you’ll need to achieve excellent grades and to make sure you’ve proven your interest in finance in other ways (see 11). Similarly, if you’re studying a Masters in Finance, it needs to be a top Masters in how to write summary report, Finance.
If you’re studying an MBA, it needs to be a top MBA. For Master Thesis. Anything else, and you’re wasting your money. This is a new point. Write A Detailed. In this age of doing a will, increased banking regulation and how to write a detailed summary report ethical banking, it’s become important to show that you’re passionate about more than just making a lot of money for your own personal benefit. “We want to see your values as an dissertation bristol, individual,” says Horton. “What matters to you? What are you passionate about?” Extracurricular activities and hobbies are the place to how to a detailed, show this (see 6.)
It’s no coincidence that banks like Goldman Sachs have a thing for hiring students who’ve spent time at universities outside their home countries. This applies as much in London as in New York and China. There’s a reason for banks’ enthusiasm for these students: their business is global and they want to hire people with a global mindset. By the same token, if you’re applying for an IBD or sales job in London, Pringle says it will help if you speak at least two languages fairly fluently. “Languages carry a premium,” says Pringle. Dissertation Bristol. In London, British candidates, who are often monolingual, can be excluded on how to this basis: “Britons make up less than 20% of some MA teams,” says Pringle. 11. Include a CFA Level 1 pass or long list of internships. If you’re applying for an entry-level job in a bank, you’ll need to appendix, prove that you really, really want it. During your first year at university, this means you need to apply for how to write a detailed summary report every banking-related event going: think insight days and spring internships in Europe, or sophomore internships on Wall Street. Students who successfully apply for papers banking jobs typically have multiple internships (think six, or maybe seven) under their belts.
Students applying to banks are also increasingly equipped with a CFA Level I pass. If you haven’t studied finance (and even if you have), this helps display a level of proficiency and interest. 12. Show that you understand data manipulation and programming. Lastly, as J.P. Morgan’s 2016 Wall Street analyst class reflects, it helps to be quantitative. Banks are on the cusp of a digital revolution, says consultancy firm McKinsey Co. How To A Detailed Summary. As processes are automated and data is used to inform decisions, banks will need an increasingly large army of doing a will, programmers and data scientists.
If you can program in Python and write summary report present data in doing a will, Hadoop, you’re going to write a detailed report, be popular. And the absolutely perfect investment banking resume WONT… 1. Original Essay Papers. Be more than two pages long (unless you’re in write report, Germany) 2. Be printed on pink/purple/baby blue paper. White is acceptable. 3. Include a photograph of applicant, surfing. 4. Have boxes around key sections. [ATS systems cannot read boxes, advises McLean] 5. Appendix For Master Thesis. Speak in cliches. Do not say: “Analytical thinker, demonstrated leadership ability, team-playing skills, an ability to learn fast on the job.” 6. List previous jobs and how to write a detailed summary report responsibilities without saying what your contribution was.
7. Be printed in doing a will, a strange font. Recruiters are simple beasts, keep it easy. 9. Include every single educational qualification you’ve since you were 16 even though you are now aged 43. You only need to add A Level results if you graduated within the past five years, say recruiters. Looking for a cover letter template that will always (or almost always) get you a banking job? This is it. If you want to get into investment banking straight out of university – if you want to get an how to summary, analyst job, in other words – you’ll need to be good.
Should you study finance or liberal arts if you want to get into Goldman Sachs? There is binding absolutely nothing new here whatsoever. Sarah, do you never tire of regurgitating the same articles time and time again? If a candidate has fallen at any of the hurdles you have listed above then he/she is write simply an idiot. If you continue to appendix, offer articles that are neither insightful nor productive then please quit your job and how to write report start an alternative website that advises on careers outside of IB. I suggest Management Consulting, as this is where you will find the intellectual standard you seek with articles of this nature.
(Or, you could simply refrain from rooney, talking to Recruitment Consultants?) what if you are like me a graduate of a second tier poly and having worked all your career in a small provincial town ? Do I stand a chance ? Regarding Excel, depends on the role. If you’re applying for something quanty its par for the course and write summary is akin to sayin “skilled breather” but for other roles, especially entry level or back office it doesn’t hurt to rooney, mention you have mastered the secret knowledge of Pivot Tables. You would be shocked at how far people get with only Autosum. @Brasenose – Thank you for your contribution.
As a jobs website we have a need to reiterate the qualities required for a good CV from time to time. Unfortunately, they tend to be fairly unvarying. Management consultants only communicate in the form of matrices, but I will bear your advice in mind. Apropos of first number 9), in your point number 8), the how to write summary report, word is spelled “whets” – not wets. @Thank you Janno. This has been amended. steiner … you are right it s incredible some proficiency in rooney, excel and Powerpoint can wow people away… however by saying good excel skills you simply add nothing…. if you know how to make pivot table, find a meanigful way to how to a detailed, add this to your cv (i.e. data analysis and kurt vonnegut satire MI design through excel etc.) @Steiner and Marco: Should it be ‘PivotTable’ or ‘Pivot Table’? I have worked at 8 places, all permanent roles, over 20 years. If I decide to be honest and list all these on write a detailed my CV will it count against me. (I can dress up my role at each of these, that’s not difficult for me to do). @ Brasenose: What a tool you are.
On her Linkedin profille, Sarah lists her interests as “Eating” and “Reading”. I was expecting something more along the lines of “Swimming across the appendix, English Channel on weekends.” Slagging Sarah (or indeed anyone) off from behind the cloak of anonymity is a touch unchivalrous. How To Write Summary Report. Perhaps she is keeping her genuine interests a secret to protect against kurt satire stalkers… Harrison Careers aren’t good. Summary. I contacted them twice to order a service I was willing to satire essay, pay for how to write summary and they never replied. Having read this article I don’t regret this. Sarah, Um…I’m a management consultant…at times in dissertation binding bristol, IB…and I have no idea what it is to “only communicate in the form of matrices”. I practice ESBS and I’m thinkin’ there ain’t no matrices in any of what I do! Whatever “matrix communications” is, it doesn’t sound very appealing, at least in your eyes!
My response was written in self defence and yes, I did, join the management-consultant-bashing in a moment of weakness. Resume. For this, I stand corrected. @Chris – Regarding your other points. I see absolutely no need to add ‘or not,’ and write a detailed point six already states, ‘whether.’ Fortunately I am not ‘hugely embarrassed’ by essay minor spelling mistakes, just mildly bemused. I think it is acceptable to slate (generalist) Management Consultancy because it is a detailed neither a legitimate nor economically viable activity. The only people that like Consultants are Consultants. The majority of people that appoint Consultants do so because they were once Consultants themselves. What does ‘absolutely perfect’ mean?
Either something is doing a will perfect or imperfect – there are no varying degrees of perfection in the context that you place your headline in. @Brasenose – I feel you are being pedantic. Had I said ‘The really good investment banking CV’ it wouldn’t have sounded quite the same. Brasenose, you clearly know nothing about Management Consulting, and probably nothing about a detailed summary Investment Banking either. Good luck in your career, because with insight like yours you’re going to need it. Sarah, apology accepted. Thank you very much. Since when participating in triathlon is mundane? @Yuri – it’s not mundane, it’s just not abnormal.
Very interesting and constructive article. Far more interesting than any of the accompanying comments. Mostly common sense for the more experienced, but for the young graduate probably incredibly helpful. should i put my name in the cv. I don’t understand why you are bickering amongst yourselves, it sounds quite unprofessional. It is also so pedantic as to bore anybody trying to sift through to find valid comments about the actual content within Sarah’s advice. As I see it, the doing a will, advice is there as a guide. You do not need to follow it religiously; I certainly will not, but I can take something from a detailed summary, it. You do not even have to read it, especially if you find it does not vary each time it is printed (as one would expect, no?). And if you must comment, please keep your points relevant; and resume not as a showcase for how superior you consider your English to be.
Feel free to how to report, pick holes in my own if you want to rooney, be completely ironic. I dont understand why doing something like skateboarding across america would appeal to employers. I would much rather work with someone normal, who was good at their job. Skateboarding across america and such acitivies just says to how to write summary report, me that the he or she cant find anything more useful to doing a will, do with their time. Write A Detailed Summary Report. Triathletes on papers the otherhand are fit by nature and take pride in write report, their health and therefore are more likely to take pride in their work. Doing A Will. This doing something crazy malarky must be another strange HR requirement that us mere mortals workers cannot grasp. I don’t normally comment on these articles but thought that given the rather hostile reception it has received thus far, it needed to be made clear that this is correct and useful advice. How To Summary. There is kurt vonnegut satire essay little new information here not because of how to a detailed summary report, any lack of effort on the part of the author, but rather due to the fact that the framework of binding bristol, a decent CV does not significantly change with time. Anyone – and there are tens of thousands – who has recently graduated and needs a few pointers on how to improving their CV, could stand to benefit from binding bristol, this article. This is it’s purpose.
If you are ten years into a glittering banking career, I would ask why on earth you are scouring Google for CV pointers. Thank you for the article Sarah. @D – And thank you for saying thank you. I’m applying for an internship and I too would like to thank Sarah for this article . Thanks! I reckon there is how to a detailed summary no harm to have a bit of guidance to be honest. If you dont like it, the headline says it all – so dont read it. I have 10 years financial services experience – and in line with one of the points (commitment) I am 8 years with my current employer, it is good to have a handy reminder on important points to include in my cv. Thank you for this article. Just a quick question with regard to skills and layout. According to the second section of what not to say in dissertation binding, your CV, you refer to summary, word and dissertation binding bristol Excel not being listed as skills.
How should a person communicate on their CV their all Excel and how to a detailed summary word skills if only original some where used in previous employment tasks? Are Personal Profiles, Key Skills and IT skills sections still relevant in how to write summary report, investment banking CV’s? .Er, languages? Surely the pefect CV will be some form of Eurotrash. I am a Chartered Accountant with 3 years’ post-articles experience in Corporate Finance Advisory at a Big 4 firm and a Level II CFA Candidate. I want to submit my CV to resume, an Investment Bank.
Should I include my University degree transcript together with my CV or is this not necessary ? A response would be much appreciated…. “Reading” is not a hobby? Well, usually by “reading” people mean literature and literature is actually a hobby. How To A Detailed. Sorry. Thank you so much for updating this.
The arrogant and pompous comments of original essay, some people on this website are astonishing! A common characteristic of how to write summary report, many seems to be, like the cowardly cybernats, hiding behind anonymity. Binding Bristol. Pillocks like Snottynose, sorry – Brasenose, would be put in charge of cleaning the bogs at my firm until they are suitably chastened. An apology from how to write report, this likely frustrated (probably in many ways!) to the author would be in order. This guidance is rooney not ground breaking nor perfect (nor could it be), but may well be useful to young people trying to start out who realise that they don’t know everything already. A sound and very relevant article by Sarah but the how to write, competition to get into kurt vonnegut essay, a decent IB as a graduate is fierce and how to write requires a world class CV to stand a chance of getting noticed.
As an ex Director with Morgan Stanley I saw countless CVs pass over my desk and I know what makes the grade. She is a journalist not banker. Many years ago I aspired to work in IBD and would check this website daily (which I loved to do and found it exceptionally helpful). Thank you Sarah its great to see your name still on here when I first started to explore my career (way back in appendix, 2007). I had a check list of “must do’s” that I collected reading this website. I ended up in Asset Management Sales and the experience was excellent as I found my people skills were far better than my number skills. How To Write Report. Sales, mind you, ended up being a much more profitable career path too. Five years down the track, a change of management and much reflection on what was important I decided to binding, move on how to write a detailed summary report and establish my own independent wealth management firm. It has been a hoot and resume find that my yearly sales salary can now be achieved in a number of months. I encourage everyone here to reflect about the how to write summary, requirements for applying for an IBD role. Being young and chasing all of the appendix for master, “elite” activities is fun but there really is much more to life.
Now, I look at these requirements and my stomach turns. Would I hire the candidate that has a collection of elite activities? Probably not. I want the hungry guy that hasn’t had a chance and write report wants to prove ones worth. It is great to dream – but there is a whole world out there which is better than selling your soul to essay, a Wall Street firm.
Most of the people I know started off in how to write a detailed report, the top tier IBs and Legal Firms and ended up hating it. They also ended up hating themselves. The comment is under moderation. It will appear shortly. eFinancialCareers is for master thesis a DHI service. DHI is how to a detailed report a publicly-traded company listed on the New York Stock Exchange. (Ticker: DHX) © Copyright 2000-2017 eFinancialCareers Ltd.
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How to Write a Book Summary (with …
You will hear of the five-paragraph essay. It has three paragraphs in the body instead of one. Write Summary Report? Simple. The introduction : Start your personal essay with an interesting sentence that hooks your readers. You want them to want to read more. If you need topic ideas, see No.
2. Dissertation Binding? Once you have a compelling topic, decide on the main idea you want to communicate and introduce it with a bang. Body : The body of your essay consists of one to three paragraphs that inform your readers about the topic you introduced. An outline can be helpful before you begin so your thoughts are organized. Paragraphs often have the same structure as the entire essay. They begin with a sentence that introduces the point and a detailed summary report draws the reader in. The middle sentences of the paragraph provide information about the point, and a concluding sentence drives home your view and binding leads to the next point. Each new idea is a signal to start a new paragraph. Each paragraph should be a logical progression from the previous idea and how to summary report lead to the next idea or the conclusion.
Keep your paragraphs relatively short. Ten lines is a good rule. If you write concisely, you can say a lot in ten lines. Kurt Satire Essay? The conclusion : Close your essay with a final paragraph that summarizes the points you have made and summary report states your final opinion. This is rooney where you offer insights or lessons learned, or share how you were, or will be, changed because of your approach to the topic. The best conclusions are tied to the opening paragraph. Continue Reading Below.
Some days we are brimming over with topics to write about, and other times it can be difficult to come up with a single idea. There are things you can do to summary, inspire yourself. Check out our lists of ideas. Write in a stream of consciousness. Essay? Open a blank document and write whatever comes into your mind, without stopping, until you#39;ve got three pages. It#39;s a mind dump. Don#39;t stop, even if you have to write that you don#39;t know what to write next. Julia Cameron, in her book The Artist#39;s Way, calls this technique Morning Pages and suggests you practice it every morning upon waking. Do a little research. Browsing tends to how to, get the creative juices flowing. There are a lot of places beyond the Internet to do research.
Don#39;t steal ideas, let them inspire you to kurt essay, write about your own ideas. Continue Reading Below. English grammar is how to a detailed tough, and even native English speakers find it tricky. If you feel like you need a refresher, there are resources available to you. One of the most important books on my shelf is my old Harbrace College Handbook . The pages are yellow, stained with coffee, and bristol well read.
If it’s been a long while since you opened a grammar book, get one. And then use it. Here are some additional grammar resources: Use Your Own Voice and Vocabulary. Language is more than grammar. One of the things your teacher will be looking for is use of the active voice. The active voice tells your reader exactly who is doing what. Passive : An essay was assigned. Active : Ms. Peterson assigned a personal essay about summer vacation.
Personal essays are casual and full of write feeling. If you write from the heart about something you feel passionate about, you will evoke emotion in your readers. When you show readers exactly how you feel about something, they can usually relate, and that’s when you’ve made an resume impact, whether it’s on a teacher or a reader. Be firm about summary report, your opinion, your feelings, your views. Avoid weak words such as should, would, and could. The most powerful language is positive language.
Write about what you are for rather than what you are against . Be for peace rather than against war. Use the voice that comes most naturally to you. Use your own vocabulary. Appendix? When you honor your own voice, your age and life experience, your writing comes off as authentic, and how to it doesn’t get any better than that. Resume? Make sure you understand what constitutes plagiarism and steer clear of it. How To A Detailed Report? This is your essay. Never use the kurt vonnegut satire essay work of other people and call it your own.
Continue Reading Below. How To Write A Detailed? Be Specific with Your Descriptions. Personal essays are your unique view of the topic. Be descriptive. Use all of your senses. Put your reader in your shoes and help them experience exactly what you saw, felt, smelled, heard, tasted. Were you nervous? What did that look like?
Sweaty hands, stutter, drooping shoulders? Show us. Help us experience your essay. Be Consistent with Your Point of kurt essay View and Tense. Personal essays are just that, personal, meaning you are writing about yourself.
This usually means writing in the first person, using the how to write report pronoun #34;I.#34; When you write in the first person, you are speaking for yourself only. You can make observations of others, but you can’t speak for them or truly know what they are thinking. Kurt Vonnegut? Most personal essays are also written in the past tense. You are relating something that happened to write summary, you or the way you feel about something by rooney giving examples. You can write in the present tense if you want to. The main point here is to be consistent.
Whichever tense you decide to use, stay in it. Write Report? Don#39;t switch around. Continue Reading Below. No matter what you write, one of the rooney most important parts of the writing process is editing. Let your essay sit for a day, at the very least for several hours. Get up and walk away from it.
Do something completely different, and how to then read your essay with your readers in mind. Is your point clear? Is your grammar correct? Is your sentence structure correct? Is the dissertation binding bristol structure of your composition logical? Does it flow? Is your voice natural?
Are there unnecessary words you can eliminate? Did you make your point? Editing your own work is hard. If you can#39;t do it, ask someone to how to report, help you. Hire an essay editing service if you need to.
Choose carefully. You want someone who will help you edit your own work, not a service that writes your essay for you. EssayEdge is a good choice. One of the best ways to become a better writer is to be an avid reader of appendix good writing. Write Report? If you want to master the doing a will art of the essay, read great essays! Read essays wherever you can find them: in newspapers, books, magazines, and online. Notice the structure.
Enjoy the art of language used well. Pay attention to how to write a detailed report, how the end ties back to the beginning. Vonnegut Essay? The best writers are avid readers, especially in the form in which they work.
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clever essay title A Case Study of Medieval Japan through Art: Samurai Life in Medieval Japan. Medieval Japan: An Introductory Essay. by Ethan Segal, Michigan State University. Medieval Japan may call to how to a detailed report mind honorable sword-wielding samurai and doing a will, stealthy ninja assassins.
These figures, often seen in popular movies and write a detailed, games about pre-modern Japan, are only loosely based on reality. In fact, many different types of appendix thesis people helped shape the medieval period. Over 400 years, from the late twelfth to the late sixteenth centuries, emperors and priests, women and merchants, poets and playwrights, and, of course, samurai created a complex yet fascinating society. Samurai governments administered the country in tandem with the older imperial administration. Warriors’ rise to power led to an increase in violence, and by the mid-fifteenth century, warfare was constant. But other aspects of how to write report society flourished in spite of the breakdown in doing a will civil order. Buddhism enjoyed the how to a detailed summary strong support of both samurai and commoners. Such new cultural traditions as the rooney tea ceremony became popular.
The arrival of how to write a detailed report Europeans in the sixteenth century forced the Japanese to change their view of the world. The term medieval may seem curious, since it was originally applied to European history. It described a “middle” period between the fall of the Roman Empire and the start of the Renaissance. During this period, central government was weak and society was divided among feudal rulers. Sixteenth-century Japan was divided among warlords known as daimy#333; , and Europeans who visited Japan at doing a will, that time felt it resembled medieval Europe.
In 1180 he forced the papers imperial court to make his grandson (the child of his daughter who had married an how to write report emperor) the next emperor. That same year, a disgruntled imperial prince, upset that he had been passed over for rooney the throne, issued a call-to-arms. Yoritomo, exiled head of the Minamoto clan (and now an write summary report adult), mobilized warriors to join him in attacking the Taira. The Minamoto and Taira fought the original length of the country for five years in a conflict known as the how to summary Genpei War. When the Taira were finally defeated, Yoritomo went on to found Japan’s first warrior government.
The real significance of the war, however, was the warriors’ first steps toward independence from the imperial government. Yoritomo convinced many eastern warriors to follow him by promising to dissertation guarantee their lands and jobs. As a result, warriors who felt insecure under the old system chose to a detailed report join the Minamoto, even if they were not actually part of the Minamoto clan. In many cases, their local rivals joined the Taira side (even though they weren’t members of the dissertation Taira family) just to oppose them. A Detailed Report! So the Genpei War was, more than anything, about warriors asserting themselves against doing a will, neighbors and write a detailed report, the central government. The imperial court, at a loss to stop such violence, turned to the only warrior capable of restoring peace: Yoritomo. In exchange for helping to bring order to the countryside, Yoritomo secured authorization for his own warrior government in the eastern city of Kamakura. Rooney! His government is known as the how to summary Kamakura bakufu or shogunate.
Its primary duties included supervising warriors and deciding lawsuits. Yoritomo rewarded loyal warriors by appointing them as jit#333; (military land stewards) on private estates. These jit#333; served as police and tax collectors. While jit#333; worked on individual estates, Yoritomo later began appointing other warriors as shugo (military governors) over entire provinces. Shugo investigated major crimes (such as murder or treason), summoned warriors for guard duty, and collected information for Kamakura. Yoritomo himself held several titles, including shogun. Later that title would be passed on to the kurt head of the warrior government. When Yoritomo died in 1199, his sons succeeded him, but they proved to how to a detailed be weak leaders.
Real power was maintained by the family of Yoritomo’s wife, H#333;j#333; Masako. Together with her father and brother, Masako created the position of regent for doing a will the shogun. Male members of the H#333;j#333; family served as regents from 1203 until 1333. Masako herself was never regent, but she was a very influential person wielded much authority in Kamakura. For much of the thirteenth century, the how to Kamakura government kept the dissertation bristol peace. It never eliminated the imperial government in how to summary report Kyoto, but instead shared power. Kamakura managed warrior affairs while Kyoto supervised the doing a will aristocracy, temples, and civilians.
The bakufu also created an how to write a detailed advanced legal system. Trials relied on original essay, testimony, cross-examination, written documents, and precedent. Outcomes could be appealed. Although it was a warrior government, great energy went into keeping warriors off the battlefield. In 1221, however, a retired emperor tried to muster an a detailed army to destroy Kamakura. His forces were defeated and he was exiled, leaving the warrior government even stronger. Another threat came in the late 1260s, when the Mongol leader Kubilai Khan tried to kurt satire essay intimidate the Japanese into submitting to his empire.
Japan’s warriors rejected Kubilai’s diplomatic efforts, so Mongol-led armies attempted to how to write report invade Japan in original essay papers 1274 and 1281. In each case, samurai defenders fought off the invaders with some help from typhoons. Because the write a detailed Japanese believed the bad weather was sent by the gods to essay papers defend Japan, they called those storms kamikaze (divine winds). Samurai of the Kamakura Period. Medieval war tales and other accounts tell us a lot about the early samurai. How To! Leading warriors were usually mounted archers. Although they carried swords, they valued the bow and arrow over other weapons. These samurai were quite independent. They supplied their own weapons, armor, provisions, and attendants. There was no “samurai code” at rooney, this time, and how to summary, you can find tales of rooney bravery as well as treachery among Kamakura warriors. Many fought in order to earn fame and rewards.
For that reason, they often wore distinctiveeven colorfularmor and clothing to enable others to summary report easily recognize them. Warriors were witnesses for dissertation binding bristol each other so that reports of battlefield valor could be confirmed and brave warriors rewarded. Consider, for example, the personal account of Takezaki Suenaga, a samurai who fought against the Mongols. In his version of events, he makes no mention of fighting to defend Japan. Instead, he fought to how to write a detailed report make a name for himself, be witnessed, and earn rewards. Since most battles were fought between Japanese, it was relatively easy to reward the doing a will winnersthey would receive the property or positions of the losers. But the Mongol invasions proved much more challenging. Kamakura’s samurai fought off the how to summary invaders, but they did not capture any Mongol lands they could claim as rewards. Meanwhile, the economy started to expand, and many warriors found themselves in financial difficulties. Some had to use their lands as collateral to rooney borrow money.
If they failed to repay loans, they had to forfeit their property. At the how to write report same time, the satire essay H#333;j#333; family took advantage of the invasion crisis to further solidify its own hold on government, excluding members of other warrior families from top positions. These problems led many samurai to become increasingly frustrated with Kamakura by the early fourteenth century. New Directions in Buddhism. Religion underwent significant growth and summary report, change during Japan’s medieval period.
The major Buddhist temples and Shint#333; shrines controlled estates in the provinces. In earlier times, they relied on the taxes from those estates for much of their income. Samurai, however, started interfering with temples’ ability to collect tax income. As estate taxes became increasingly unreliable, religious houses needed to find additional sources of income. Some sects, such as Pure Land Buddhism, found new ways to appeal to the common people. Others, such as Zen, gained popularity among the warriors. Of course, religious thought also played an kurt essay important role in the evolution of Japanese Buddhism. Many people believed in the cycle of rebirth (reincarnation) as a form of cosmic justice. Depending on how you had lived your previous life, your soul might be reborn into better or worse circumstances.
The goal was for each person to attain enlightenment ( nirvana ) and be freed from the cycle of rebirth. How To Write A Detailed! However, another influential idea was that Japan had entered mapp#333; , the final days of the law. Mapp#333; was a degenerate age in which the teachings of the historical Buddha were so distant that people were no longer able to kurt fully comprehend them. Write A Detailed! Therefore, it was almost impossible for individuals to achieve enlightenment on their own. For many Japanese, medieval warfare and the breakdown of civil order were proof that they were living in kurt satire degenerate times. One response was Pure Land Buddhism. Pure Land came from the teachings of how to write a detailed report a religious reformer named H#333;nen. Unlike the Buddhist establishment, H#333;nen saw little value to study in the age of mapp#333; . Appendix For Master Thesis! He taught his followers to place complete faith in a detailed report the Buddha Amida.
Nichiren was another important Buddhist who taught that salvation came through faith. A nationalist, he taught that, although Buddhism had originated in India, it would achieve its highest form in Japan. He valued the Lotus Sutra above all other Buddhist scriptures. Nichiren openly criticized other Buddhist schools and binding bristol, was very dogmatic; this led to his eventual exile. But his conviction won him followers, and his sect remains popular in how to write a detailed summary Japan even today. Zen Buddhism also won acceptance in Japan during the rooney medieval period. It was based on Chinese Ch’an Buddhism, and the great Japanese Zen priests Eisai and D#333;gen both trained in China.
Her work is lively, frank, colorful, and offers a valuable view of life in essay papers Kyoto and the provinces. Painting and sculpture reflected the influential roles of Buddhism and the samurai in society. Summary Report! Illustrated scrolls ( emaki ) used pictures to show how temples were founded and how violent conflicts destroyed parts of Kyoto. Takezaki Suenaga, the samurai mentioned above who fought against the Mongols, even commissioned an illustrated scroll to thesis tell his tale. Another important art form was raig#333; , paintings that showed Amida welcoming people who had just died to his western paradise. The influential Kei school of sculptors used graphic realism in their work. Their famous guardians at T#333;daiji look quite intimidating, even hyper-masculine, with detailed bulging muscles, fierce expressions, and crystals set in the eyes to make them look real.
Kamakura’s Demise and the Muromachi Bakufu. The Muromachi bakufu was never as stable as Kamakura had been. The shogun was not powerful enough to rule the country by his own force of a detailed report arms. Eastern Japan and the island of Ky#363;sh#363 were both semi-autonomous. The shogun’s authority was contingent on his maintaining the support of a strong coalition of shugo . These shugo were much more powerful than their Kamakura period predecessors. Doing A Will! Their posts were now hereditary, and how to write, one individual could rule more than one province at kurt satire, a time. A Detailed! They also had the right to levy special taxes on estates to cover their military expenditures. Three of the most powerful shugo familiesthe Hosokawa, Hatakeyama, and Shibaalternated in serving as deputy shogun ( kanrei ), a position designed to help mediate between the shogun and his shugo . Yet the shugo needed the legitimacy that they gained from the shogun’s support to help them fend off local warriors in the provinces under their control. Yoshimitsu is widely recognized as the strongest and most successful Ashikaga shogun. He ended the warfare of the divided imperial court and crushed those shugo who opposed him. He reopened diplomatic relations and official trade with China.
Yoshimitsu was an accomplished poet and a great sponsor of the arts. His patronage of a particular performing troupe helped give birth to kurt essay Noh theatre. How To Write A Detailed Summary! He also is credited with constructing the Golden Pavilion, one of Japan’s most famous medieval buildings. Yoshimitsu took it over as a retirement villa in the 1390s, covering it with real gold leaf (it is part of a Zen temple today). His other great construction project, the Palace of appendix Flowers, reflected Yoshimitsu’s ambitions to outdo, and perhaps replace, the emperor. The shogun’s palace was built across the street from the imperial palace but was twice as large and far more sumptuous. Perhaps Yoshimitsu’s most controversial decision was to accept the how to report title “king of rooney Japan” from the Chinese emperor. In the Chinese view of foreign relations, only one ruler could have the title “emperor,” and that was the emperor of China. Other rulers had lesser titles, such as king. When Yoshimitsu attempted to re-establish formal relations and how to write summary report, trade with China, he agreed to doing a will take the title king of Japan. Many Japanese of the time objected since it implied that Japan was subordinate to write summary China.
Yoshimitsu’s motives are not entirely clear. Binding Bristol! Some suggest that he did this in order to bolster his legitimacy at home. Others think that he was so eager to a detailed summary trade with the Chinese that he ignored the political implications of the title. Another theory is rooney that he hoped to monopolize foreign relations as part of his plan to how to write summary replace the Japanese imperial family with his own line. Yoshimitsu died before he could realize any plans to replace the rooney imperial family, and his son backed away from his father’s bold policies. But shogunal authority remained strong until 1441, when the sixth shogun, Yoshinori, was assassinated. A Detailed Summary! After Yoshinori, only the eighth shogun, Yoshimasa, stands out as a memorable figure. He ruled for over 20 years and was a great sponsor of the arts, including Noh theatre and the tea ceremony. He built the Silver Pavilion, another important cultural property in Kyoto, but plans to cover the villa with silver leaf were never carried out. Yoshimasa may have matched his grandfather Yoshimitsu’s flair for architecture and the arts, but he lacked Yoshimitsu’s skill at politics.
It was during Yoshimasa’s tenure as shogun that an 11-year civil war broke out, heralding the end of strong central government in Japan for over a century. Muromachi Arts and Culture. In earlier times, the arts were dominated by the emperor and his courtiers. This changed in the Muromachi period, however, as other groups brought new ideas to the cultural landscape. Many samurai, now living in Kyoto, developed a taste for the arts. Elite warriors joined aristocrats in sponsoring painters, playwrights, poets, and other men of binding talent. The growth of trade and the economy enabled merchants to participate in the world of culture too. As the unstable political situation brought men of different classes together, aristocrats, warriors, and merchants interacted to create new cultural traditions. Previously unthinkable mixingsuch as a nobleman renowned for his calligraphy collaborating with a painter of humble originsled to some of the great art of the Muromachi period. Warriors, including the Ashikaga shoguns, became important patrons of the summary report arts.
They hosted lavish parties at which the attendees participated in linked verse poetry competitions or contests to distinguish among similar things ( monoawase ). Tea was also quite popular. Eisai, who founded an important Zen sect, is credited with having made tea popular in Japan. By the fourteenth century, warriors were hosting tea parties in large banquet halls in binding order to display their prized Chinese tea implements. Merchants responded by favoring native Japanese wares. The grass-hut style of serving tea, which we associate with the tea ceremony, emerged in the fifteenth century. It is attributed to Murata Shuk#333;, who may have served tea for Ashikaga Yoshimasa. He and other late medieval tea masters emphasized simplicity, humility, and self-awareness. Properly serving tea demanded discipline and how to write a detailed report, offered spiritual fulfillment, resembling Zen practices. People began to speak of a Way of Tea. Doing A Will! The most famous master, Sen no Riky#363;, came from a merchant family but taught tea to the great warlord Toyotomi Hideyoshi.
Riky#363; served tea in a small, rustic hut. How To A Detailed Summary Report! The entranceway was purposefully tiny so that everyone, regardless of status, had to crawl inside. All participants were required to prepare and serve the tea. Riky#363;’s student, however, saw things differently. Eager to display his wealth and power, Hideyoshi had his own tea hut gilded in gold. Noh theater was another new cultural tradition that benefited from samurai patronage.
It drew upon rooney, many performing traditions, including court comics and how to write report, peasant farm songs. In the rooney late fourteenth century, Kan’ami’s troupe attracted the notice of Ashikaga Yoshimitsu. Kan’ami and his son, Ze’ami, became two of a detailed summary report Noh’s most important playwrights. Noh performances incorporate spoken dialogue, dancing, and music. Papers! Few props are used. An actor might simply state that he is leaving for a long journey and, with a few stamps of his feet, quickly announce that he has arrived. The plays generally illustrate such Buddhist themes as the how to write a detailed summary dangers of pride or lingering attachment.
The main character might be a once-beautiful old woman who cannot forget her youth, or the ghost of a warrior who cannot let go of his military glory. Other plays centered on Buddhist priests overcoming demons. Satire! Often several plays were performed over the course of a full day, with short comic pieces called ky#333;gen staged between the major Noh plays. The Medieval Japanese Economy. The Japanese enjoyed a growing economy during the medieval period. Markets began to write a detailed report develop around the country. These were often at crossroads or near rivers so that sellers could easily bring their goods to the markets.
The breakdown in essay papers central authority may have reduced the power of political authorities to tax and regulate them. In some cases, such as the summary report city of Sakai, merchants were able to form their own communities and even enjoy a limited form of self-government. Women’s Status in Medieval Japan. Over the course of the medieval period, women seem to have lost many rights. In ancient times, women served as rulers. By the Heian period, women had few official roles in government, but aristocratic women were educated, could own and manage property, and could choose their own heirs. Rooney! Married couples often lived at the home of the wife’s family or maintained two residences; the wife’s family usually helped raise the children. Female writers of the Heian period created some of pre-modern Japan’s greatest works of prose and poetry. But conditions gradually began to change. In the early Kamakura period, women of samurai families held jit#333; posts.
As violence became more common, however, women were no longer allowed to hold warrior posts or manage their own property. And as land became increasingly difficult to acquire, families began bequeathing property to only one heir, usually the eldest son. Married women were expected to join the family of their husbands. Lady Nij#333;’s memoir from the early fourteenth century is summary report one of the dissertation binding last important literary works by a woman of the medieval period. Not even Buddhism offered much hope, since most Buddhist sects taught that women faced more obstacles to enlightenment than men. By the end of the medieval period, women retained almost none of the rights they had enjoyed earlier. The #332;nin War and the Age of write a detailed Warring States.
From 1467 to 1477, rival coalitions of powerful samurai fought in doing a will a protracted conflict known as the #332;nin War. The violence began when leading shugo families supported different candidates to succeed Yoshimasa as shogun (as well as for some other important posts). The violence centered on summary, Kyoto, and much of the city was destroyed during the war. After some time, the issues became irrelevant, as seen by leading warrior families on papers, each side switching to a detailed report support other candidates. Original Papers! Yoshimasa felt that the shugo were beyond his control and, rather than make serious efforts to stop the conflict, he retired to write report his villa to enjoy the arts. The war solved nothing and rooney, left all central government institutions extremely weak. By the late fifteenth century, the shogun had little real power outside of the central Japanese provinces that he directly controlled. The last century of the Muromachi period, from the write a detailed summary #332;nin War to dissertation bristol 1573, is known as the Age of Warring States.
During this time, provincial and how to write a detailed summary report, regional warlords known as daimy#333; dominated Japan. Some daimy#333; families had formerly been shugo , others had been lieutenants or deputies, and some were truly self-made men who had risen through the ranks. These new warlords differed from shugo in that they did not owe anything to the shogun or emperor. During the Warring States period, warlords could only binding bristol, claim authority over how to a detailed, lands they could actually defend. They had to be continually vigilant against their neighbors as well as their subordinates.
The age is sometimes characterized by the term gekokuj#333; , which means the lower replacing the higher (or those of appendix humble origins replacing their superiors). This period, perhaps more than any other, seemed to resemble the feudalism of medieval Europe. Central authority was weak and divided, men survived by strength of arms, and warlords rewarded loyal samurai with appointments and lands. Portuguese sailors blown off course in the mid-sixteenth century were the first Europeans to set foot in Japan. The Spanish soon followed, and write report, eventually the Dutch and the British found their way to original Japan too.
European merchants established a flourishing trade by buying and selling goods amongst the various Asian nations. Missionaries also came to Japan, hoping to summary report convert the Japanese to Christianity. They enjoyed some success in the southwestern island of Ky#363;sh#363;, where a few daimy#333; became Catholic and ordered those living in their domains to convert as well. The Europeans were strange curiosities to the Japanese, and doing a will, folding-screens of themknown as namban by#333;bu show them as Japanese artists saw them, with balloon pants, high frill collars, long noses, and summary, people of color attending them as slaves. Christianity did not last in kurt satire Japan. How To Summary Report! Opposition by Hideyoshi and Ieyasu (see below) led to appendix thesis the persecution and elimination of most Christians by the early seventeenth century.
But the Europeans did affect Japanese society. First, they introduced new shipbuilding techniques, firearms, eyeglasses, mechanical clocks, and other devices. Second, Europe’s existence forced the Japanese to a detailed change their view of the world. Maps from the time reflect the shift from doing a will seeing a world including only Japan, China, and India to seeing one extending far beyond Asia. Third, interest in that world led Japanese merchants to begin trading in Southeast Asia. Some Japanese even emigrated, establishing communities in the Philippines, Cambodia, Siam (Thailand), and Annam (Vietnam). From Medieval to Early Modern Japan.
Three warlords succeeded in unifying the country and bringing an end to the violence of the Warring States period. They are often referred to as the “three unifiers”Oda Nobunaga, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, and how to write summary, Tokugawa Ieyasu. Nobunaga ruled a small domain in central Japan, but his brilliance as a strategist enabled him to defeat much larger armies. Doing A Will! He was the first warlord to successfully use firearms to how to win a battle. His innovations in castle development also led to the emergence of grand Japanese castles, with stone ramparts, donjons (central structures), and more. In 1573 he took Kyoto but kicked out the last Ashikaga shogun, bringing the Muromachi bakufu to an inglorious end. Many believe that only Nobunaga’s assassination at appendix, the hands of a vassal in 1582 kept him from bringing the whole country under his rule.
Hideyoshi came from a peasant family, but rose through the ranks to become one of Nobunaga’s top generals. He avenged his lord’s death and finished the job of unifying the country. However, Hideyoshi did not succeed through force alone. Summary! He used marriage alliances, political treaties, and other means to secure his position and bring peace to the country. Many of his policies paved the way for early modern growth and stability. For example, he carried out new land surveys so that proper rates of taxation could be determined. He also ordered all peasants to turn over their weapons, creating for the first time a sharp distinction between warriors and kurt, farmers.
In his later years, Hideyoshi set out to how to summary report conquer China. When the King of Korea refused to help him, Hideyoshi sent armies of samurai to invade Korea. The result was the devastation of the Korean peninsula. The Japanese invasion was only called off upon Hideyoshi’s death in 1598. Ieyasu had been allied with each of the original papers two previous unifiers, but his patience (and long life!) clearly proved a great asset. In 1600 he maneuvered warlords loyal to Hideyoshi’s young son into a major battle at Sekigahara. Ieyasu’s forces won that battle, making him the most powerful daimy#333; in Japan. In 1603 he was proclaimed shogun and established the last of Japan’s major warrior governments, the Tokugawa (or Edo) bakufu . How To A Detailed! The unifiers’ policies, and the peace that followed in the seventeenth century, led to profound changes in Japanese society and the start of kurt what most scholars refer to as the early modern period.
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